term lookup

This is an arbitrary collection of English terms for which I have hiragana and kanji definitions in Japanese. The former offers a guide to pronunciation while the latter is for spelling. Click on any kanji to see the readings for that kanji and some more terms that use the kanji.

Japanese termEnglish term
hiraganakanji
(りんかんがっこう)outdoors school (camp)
りょうけんidea; thought; intention; design
Uӣ[いapproval, agreement, support, favour (n,vs)
~~いplace/rank
~~くんMr. (used only for young men or boys) (suffix)
~~さつcounter for volumes
~~じん~ person
~~ちゃくcounter for suits of clothing
~~にくいdifficult, harde (aux-adj)
~~ふん~ minutes
~~べんspeech, dialect (n)
~~ほんcounter for cylindrical things
~~め~nd,~th (sequence)
~~わcounter for rabbits/birds
‾ねんご~years after
‾ねんまえ~years before
‾ふじんMadam~, Mrs. ~
「こんばんは」evening greeting
〜ねんご~years after
〜ねんまえ~years before
〜の〜のあいだbetween
〜の〜のうえabove
〜の〜のしたbelow, beneath
〜の〜のそばbeside
〜ふじんMadam~, Mrs. ~
sub-; -ous (indicating a low oxidation state), -ite
ああ, アーAh!, Oh!, Alas!; Yes, Indeed, That is correct; Hey!, Yo!; Uh huh, Yeah yeah, Right, Gotcha
あいindigo
あいいろindigo blue
あいえんかheavy smoker, habitual smoker
あいかんsadness and joy
あいがんぶつprized or treasured object
あいきfavourite aircraft, camera, or machine
あいぎんfavourite poem or song, favorite poem or song; lover of poetry and song
あいけんpet dog
あいこpatronage, favour, favor
あいこうlove, adoration
あいこくlove of (one''s) country, patriotism
あいことばpassword, watchword
あいさいbeloved wife
あいしゅうpathos, sorrow, grief
あいしょうpet name
あいじょうlove, affection (n)
あいじんlover, mistress
するあいするto love (vs-s)
あいずa sign, a signal
あいせつpathetic, plaintive
あいぞうlove and hate, likes and dislikes
あいちょうsympathetic condolences
あいづぬりAizu lacquer ware
あいてcompanion, partner (n)
あいとうcondolence, regret, tribute, sorrow, sympathy, lament
あいとうつうせきcondolence, mourning, sorrow, lamentation
あいなめ, アイナメHexagrammos otakii (species of greenling)
えるあいにうえるto hunger (starve) for love
あいのけっしょうfruit of love, children
あいのりriding together
あいぼlove, attachment, adoration
あいぼうpartner, pal, accomplice
あいむじゅんmutually contradictory
あいようfavourite
あうto meet, to encounter; to have an accident, to have a bad experience
うんあうん, アウンOm, Aun, syllable representing the primordial trinity of Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma; inspiration and expiration, respiration, alpha and omega
吽のあうんのこきゅうthe harmonizing, mentally and physically, of two parties engaged in an activity
えないあえないtragic, tragically
あえなくsadly, tragically
あえんzinc (Zn)
あえんかzinc white, zinc oxide, flowers of zinc
あえんとっぱんphotoengraving
あえんびきzinc coated (galvanized, galvanised)
あおblue; green; green light; black (horse coat color); immature, unripe, young
あおあらし, せいらんwind blowing through verdure, mountain air
あおいblue, green; pale; unripe, inexperienced
あおいきといきdeep distress
あおいまつりhollyhock festival
あおうめunripe plum
あおき, アオキJapanese laurel, spotted laurel, Aucuba japonica; live tree
あおぎり, アオギリ, ごとうChinese parasol-tree (Firmiana simplex), Chinese-bottletree, Japanese varnishtree, phoenix-tree
あおぐto look up (at); to look up (to), to respect, to revere; to ask for, to seek; to turn to someone, to depend on; to drink, to take
あおげらJapanese woodpecker
あおしんごうa green light
あおじゃしんblueprint, plan
あおじろいpale, pallid; bluish-white
あおぞらblue sky
あおだけgreen bamboo
あおばfresh leaves
あおぶくれdropsical (blue-green) swelling
あおむけface up
あおものgreens, vegetables
あおもりけんAomori prefecture
あおやぎ, あおやなぎgreen willow (i.e. one that has budded); meat of the trough shell (Mactra chinensis)
あかred, crimson (noun)
あかいred; Red (i.e. communist)
あかげらgreat spotted woodpecker
あかげわしゅtype of Japanese cow
あかさんご, アカサンゴred coral
あかしproof, evidence, testimony; to testify (usu. Christian religious context)
あかしがたakashigata camelia, Camellia japonica var.
あかしょうびん, アカショウビンruddy kingfisher (Halcyon coromanda)
あかしんごうa red light, a danger signal
あかじa deficit
かすあかすto glut, to satiate, to weary, to tire, to bore
かずあかずwith untiring zeal
ちゃんあかちゃんbaby, infant
あかつきdawn, daybreak, in the event of
あかつきのそらdawning sky
あかなすChinese scarlet eggplant (Solanum integrifolium), tomato-fruit eggplant; tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
かぬあかぬunwearied, unwearying
あかねmadder
あかねいろmadder red
あかねさすそらglowing sky
あかねのねmadder root
あかはたred flag; Red Flag (Communist Party newspaper)
あかはだか, せきらstark naked, nakedness, nudity; frankness
あかまつJapanese red pine (Pinus densiflora), Japanese umbrella pine, tanyosho pine
あからさまplain, frank, candid, open, direct, straightforward
かりあかりa light, a lamp, light
あかるいbright, cheerful
あかんぼうinfant
がったりあがったりdoomed, in a bad state, poor (e.g. business)
あがなうto compensate, to make up for
あがまうto look up to, to respect
めたてるあがめたてるto respect, to revere
めるあがめるto revere, to respect, to worship
あきweariness, tiresomeness
あきあかね, アキアカネvariety of dragonfly (red coloured)
あきかぜautumn breeze
あきかんempty can
あきぐちbeginning of autumn, beginning of fall
あきすprowler, sneak thief, cat burglar; empty nest
きっぽいあきっぽいfickle, capricious, soon wearied of
あきばれclear autumnal weather
あきびん, からびんempty bottle
あきまつりautumn festival
らかあきらかobvious, evident, clear (adj-na,n)
らかなあきらかなclear, distinct, obvious
きるあきるto get tired of, to lose interest in (u-v)
あくevil, wickedness
あくいmalice
あくえきepidemic
あくぎゃくatrocity; treason
あくぎゃくむどう, あくぎゃくぶどうtreacherous, heinous, treasonous, atrocious
あくさいbad wife
あくしつbad quality, malignancy, vicious, malignant
あくしゅhandshake (n,vs)
あくしゅうstink, bad odor, bad odour, stench
あくしゅみbad taste
あくじゅんかんvicious circle
あくあくせくfussily, busily, sedulously, worrying about (small things)
あくぜんglossy
あくたま, あくだまbad character, bad person, villain, baddie
あくたろうbad boy
あくちmarshland
あくてんこうbad weather
あくとくvice, immorality, corruption
あくへいvice, abuse, evil
あくへきがなおるto get over a bad habit
あくほうもまたほうなりA law is a law, however undesirable it may be
あくまdevil, demon, evil spirit (n)
くまであくまでto the end, to the last, stubbornly (adv)
くまでもあくまでもto the last, persistency, thoroughness
あくみょうbad reputation
あくむnightmare, bad dream
あくようabuse, misuse
あくりょくgrip (of hand)
あくるnext, following
くる~あくる~next, following
あぐらsitting cross-legged (i.e. Indian style)
をかくあぐらをかくto sit cross-legged; to rest on one''s laurels
あけ, ひscarlet, red; blood
あけがたdawn
あけくれmorning and evening, all the time
あけたか(sumo) era during mid-1990s dominated by grand champions Akebono and Takanohana II
あけたかじだい(sumo) era during mid-1990s dominated by grand champions Akebono and Takanohana II
あけぼのdawn, daybreak, beginning
あけぼのそう, アケボノソウSwertia bimaculata (species of felwort)
けるあけるto open (ru-v)
あげfried bean curd
あげくin the end, finally, after all, at last
あげはちょう, アゲハチョウswallowtail butterfly (esp. the citrus swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus)
あげものdeep-fried food
げるあげるto lift, to fry (v1)
あこmy child
あこうあこうだいMatsubara''s red rockfish (Sebastes matsubarae); Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus)
あこがれyearning, longing, aspiration
れのあこがれのまとobject of adoration, longing
憬れるあこがれるto long for, to yearn after, to admire, to be attracted by
あさflax, linen, hemp
あさいshallow, superficial (adj)
あさいちa morning market
からぬあさからぬdeep (of emotions, connections, etc.), lit: not shallow
あさぎりmorning fog
あさぐろいdarkish, swarthy
あさごはんbreakfast (n)
あさじうbroad field of sparsely growing cogon grass
あさせshoal, shallows, sand bar, ford
ってあさってthe day after tomorrow
あさなぎmorning calm (over the ocean)
あさぬの, まふhemp cloth, linen
はかあさはかfrivolous, thoughtless
あさばんmorning and evening
あさひmorning sun
あさひがにred frog crab
ましいあさましいwretched, miserable, shameful, mean, despicable, abject
あさめしbreakfast
あさゆう, ちょうせきmorning and evening, from morning until night, constantly
あざなうto twist (something)
わすあざむきまどわすto deceive and lead astray
あざむくto deceive
やかあざやかvivid, clear, brilliant
あしfoot; leg; gait; pace; bottom structural component (i.e. radical) of a kanji; means of transportation
あしあとfootprints (n)
あしおとfootsteps
鹿あしか, みち, アシカeared seal (esp. the California sea lion, Zalophus californianus), sea lion
あしがおそいslow-footed
あしくびankle
あしこしlegs and loins
あした、あすtomorrow
あしなみpace, step
あしばscaffold, footing, foothold
あしばやいswift-footed; light-footed
あしぶえreed pipe
あしぶみstepping, stamping, marking time
あしもと, そっかat one''s feet, underfoot; gait, pace, step; you, thou
あしもとにat one''s feet
あしゅsubspecies
あしょうさんnitrous acid
あしょうさんえんnitrite
あじflavor, taste (adj-na,n)
あじあ, アジアAsia (esp. "the Far East"); Asian, Asiatic
するあじみするto taste, to have a taste of, to sample
わいあじわいflavour, flavor; meaning, significance
わうあじわうto taste, to relish, to savor, to appreciate
をつけあじをつけるto season (food), to flavor (food)
かりあずかりunder custody, under supervision; undecided match, draw, tie
かりあずかりしょうclaim check, baggage check, luggage check, deposit receipt
かるあずかるto look after, to take care of, to keep, to hold on to, to keep in custody; to take charge of, to be entrusted with, to receive on deposit; to reserve (judgment), to leave undecided
あずきadzuki beans
れるあずけいれるto make a deposit
けるあずけるto give into custody, to leave (a child) in the care of, to entrust, to deposit; to lean on, to put one''s weight on
あずさ, し, アズサJapanese cherry birch (Betula grossa); yellow catalpa (Catalpa ovata); printing block
あずさゆみcatalpa bow, betula grossa
あずましゃくなげ, アズマシャクナゲAzuma rhododendron, Rhododendron metternichii var.
あせsweat, perspiration; moisture, condensation
あせいそうけんsubstratosphere
だくであせだくでdripping with sweat, bathed in perspiration
ばむあせばむto be sweaty
あせみずsweat
みずくあせみずくdrenched with sweat, sweaty all over
あせりimpatience
あせるto be in a hurry, to be impatient
をかくあせをかくto perspire, to sweat
あぜ, くろridge between rice fields; causeway
あぜみちfootpath between rice fields
ばすあそばすto let one play, to leave idle; to do
あそびplaying; play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
あそびばplayground
あそぶplay
あた, たdistance between outstretched thumb and middle finger (approx. 18 cm)
かいあたたかいwarm
かさあたたかさwarmth
あたまone''s head, hair, a hairstyle, brains, intelligence
あたまうちtop
あたまがいたいhave a headache
あたまがわるいbe stupid, be dull, have no brains
にくるあたまにくるto fly into a range, to blow one''s top
あたまのさえbright intelligence
しいあたらしいnew (adj)
あたら・しい、あら・た、しんnew
たりあたりhit, success, reaching the mark, per ..., vicinity, neighborhood, neighbourhood
あたり, ほとりon the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond); (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
あだvain, futile, transient, frivolous
あだ, あた, あたんfoe, enemy, rival; resentment, enmity, grudge; harm, injury
あだうちvengeance, revenge, retaliation
あだなnickname
あっか(suffer) deterioration, growing worse, aggravation, degeneration, corruption
あっかんhighlight, best part, masterpiece
あっあっさいcrushing
あっさくpressure, compression
あっさくきcompression, press
あっさくくうきcompressed air
あっしゅくcompression, condensation, constriction, compaction
あっしょうcomplete victory
あっせんkind offices, services, through the good offices of, influence; intercession, mediation
あっせんりょうagent''s charge
あっとうoverwhelm, overpower, overwhelming
あっとうてきoverwhelming
あっぱくpressure, coercion, oppression
あついthick, deep, heavy; kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful; serious (of an illness); abundant
あついゆうじょうwarm friendship
あつかいtreatment, service
あつかいかたway with (an animal), how to handle
いにくいあつかいにくいhard to handle
あつかうto handle, to deal with, to treat
がりあつがり(person) sensitive to heat
あつげしょうthick or heavy make-up
あつさheat, hotness
まりあつまりgathering, meeting, assembly, collection
まるあつまるto gather, to come together, to swarm
あつみthickness, profound
めるあつめるto collect, to assemble, to gather
あつりょくstress, pressure
あづちももやまじだいAzuchi-Momoyama period (approx. 1558-1600 CE)
てがうあてがうto allot, to allocate; to supply with, to furnish; to fit to, to fasten to, to apply to
あてなrecipient''s name and address
てるあてるto assign, to set aside
あで姿あですがた, えんしcharming figure, alluring figure
あとtrace, tracks, mark, sign; remains, ruins; scar
あとおしpushing, backing, boosting, supporting
あとかたづけtidying up, cleaning, clearing away, putting in order
あともどりbacktrack
あなうめfilling in gaps, filling in blanks (in a form, etc.)
あながまvery old type of kiln made by digging a hole in the side of a hill
あなぐま, アナグマbadger; Eurasian badger (Meles meles)
あなぐらcellar
あなどりcontempt, scorn
あなどりがたいてきformidable enemy
あなどる, あなずるto despise, to disdain, to make light of
あにelder brother
あにきone''s senior, elder brother
あにでしsenior schoolmate, senior apprentice
あねone''s older sister
あねきone''s older sister
あねったいsubtropics
あばあばずれa bitch
あばた, とうこんpockmark
あばたづら, あばたずらpockmarked face
れるあばれるto act violently, to rage, to struggle, to be riotous
れんあばれんぼうhooligan, rowdy, roughneck, a rough
あびきょうかんagonizing cries, pandemonium, two of Buddhism''s hells
びせるあびせるto pour on
びるあびるto bathe; to bask in the sun; to shower
あぶくあぶくぜにeasy money
ないあぶないdangerous, risky; uncertain; in danger
なっかしいあぶなっかしいdangerous, critical, grave, uncertain, unreliable, limping, narrow, close, watch out
あぶらfat, tallow, lard, grease
あぶらえoil painting
っこいあぶらっこいgreasy, fatty, oily
あへんくつopium den
あべかわもちrice cakes (mochi) with Kinako
あほうどり, しんてんおう, アホウドリalbatross (esp. the short-tailed albatross, Phoebastria albatrus)
あまnun; bitch
あまいgenerous, sweet (adj,expr)
あまえdepending on other''s kindness
えるあまえるto behave like a spoiled child, to behave like a spoilt child, to fawn on; to depend and presume upon another''s benevolence
えんあまえんぼうpampered or spoiled child (spoilt)
あまがける, あまかけるto soar
あまくだりdescent from heaven
あまくちsweet flavour, sweet flavor, mildness; flattery; stupidity
あまぐもrain cloud
あまぐりbroiled sweet chestnuts
あまずsweet vinegar
っこあまっこnative of Amagasaki; bitch
っちょあまっちょbitch
あまつheavenly, imperial
あまつおとめcelestial maiden
あまつさえ, あまっさえbesides (usu. negative nuance), moreover, in addition
あまつひつぎimperial throne
あまつみおやimperial ancestor
あまつみこemperor
あまでらnunnery, convent
あまどshutters
あまにflaxseed, linseed
あまにゆlinseed oil
あまねくwidely, generally, universally, far and wide
あまみ, かんみ, うまみsweetness, sugary taste
あまみず, うすいrain water; "rain water" solar term (approx. Feb 19)
あまもりroof leak
やかすあまやかすto pamper, to spoil
あまり, あんまりremainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant; not very (with negative sentence), not much; surplus, excess, fullness, too much; overjoyed, overwhelmed; more than, over
りにあまりにtoo much, excessively, too
あまるto remain, to be left over, to be in excess, to be too many
あま・いsweet
あみnet, netting; web
あみだAmitabha
あみだなluggage rack, baggage rack
あみどscreen door
あめrain
あめ、あまsky
がふるあめがふるto rain
あめりかすぎredwood
あやfigure, design; twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes
あやいとcolored thread, coloured thread, thread of cat''s cradle, heddle thread
ういあやういdangerous, critical, grave, uncertain, unreliable, limping, narrow, close, watch out!
うくあやうくalmost, nearly, in imminent danger of
あやおりtwill (fabric)
あやかりものlucky person
あやかるto share good luck
しいあやしいsuspicious, dubious, doubtful, dodgy; charming, bewitching
しげあやしげquestionable, doubtful, suspicious
あやつりmanipulation, puppet
あやつりじょうるりold name for the bunraku
あやつりにんぎょうpuppet, marionette
あやつるto manipulate, to operate, to pull strings
あやとりcat''s cradle
あやどんすdamask
なすあやなすrichly variegated in color or pattern
あやにしきtwill damask and brocade
あやぬのtwill damask and brocade
ぶむあやぶむto fear, to have misgivings, to be doubtful, to mistrust
あやまちfault, error, indiscretion, faux pas
ってあやまってin error, by mistake, by accident
あやまりexcuse, apology
あやまるto apologize, to apologise
あゆ, こうぎょ, ねんぎょ, あいsweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis); salmon
あゆみwalking; progress, advance
あゆみよりcompromise, concession
あら, きずcoarse, crude; defect, flaw, blemish, weak point
あらいcoarse, rough
げるあらいあげるto finish washing, to wash well, to investigate thoroughly
あらいぐまcommon raccoon (Procyon lotor)
あらいそreefy coast, windswept and wave-beaten shore
あらうto clean; to wash
あらかせぎmaking a killing, making easy money, robbery
あらきlogs in bark, rough wood
あらけずりstill in the process of being formed
あらごまwild or untamed horse
あらあらさがしfinding fault, being picky
あらしstorm, tempest
けさあらしのまえのしずけさcalm before a storm
らすあらすto lay waste, to devastate, to damage; to invade, to break into; to troll (e.g. web forums), to spam
あらそいdispute, strife, quarrel, dissension, conflict, rivalry, contest
あらそうto compete, to contest, to contend; to quarrel, to argue, to dispute, to be at variance, to oppose; (usu. in negative form) to deny (e.g. evidence)
あらたnew, fresh, novel; newly, freshly, re-
めてあらためてanother time; again; over again
めるあらためるto change, to alter, to revise, to replace; to reform, to correct, to mend, to improve; to examine, to check, to inspect; to do properly, to do formally
っぽいあらっぽいrough, rude
あらなみstormy seas, raging waves
あらやしきalaya-vijnana (store consciousness, consciousness forming the base of all human existence)
ゆるあらゆるall, every
らげるあららげる, あらげるto raise (e.g. voice)
あらりgross profit
あらりょうじdrastic measure or treatment
あらわexposed, scanty, bare, unconcealed, naked; public, open
あらわすto reveal, to show, to display; to express; to represent, to signify, to stand for; to make widely known
あらわれembodiment, manifestation, materialization, materialisation, expression, indication
われるあらわれるto appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise; to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
ありくい, アリクイanteater
りしありしひdays of yore, the olden days; during one''s lifetime
ありづか, アリづかanthill
アリのありのとう, アリのとうanthill
ありゅうbad second, epigone, adherent, follower, imitator
ありゅうさんsulfurous acid, sulphurous acid
ありゅうさんえんsulfite
ガスありゅうさんガスsulphurous acid gas, sulfurous acid gas, sulphur dioxide gas, sulfur dioxide gas
あるto be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live; to have; to be located; to be equipped with; to happen, to come about
あるくto walk
あるぜんちん, アルゼンチンArgentina
あれstormy weather, tempest, chaps (of skin)
あれいdumbbell
あれのhis
れるあれるto be stormy, to be rough, to lose one''s temper
!あれ!hey!
あわbubble, foam, froth, head on beer (n)
あわいlight, faint, pale, fleeting
わすあわすto make (someone) to meet, to let (someone) meet; to expose to, to subject to
あわせもつto own (something) as well
わせるあわせるto make (someone) to meet, to let (someone) meet; to expose to, to subject to
ただしいあわただしいbusy, hurried, confused, flurried
ててあわててin hot haste, in confusion
てふためくあわてふためくto get into a panic, to be flustered, to panic, to get in a flap
あわてものscatterbrain, absent-minded person
てるあわてるto become confused (disconcerted, disorganized, disorganised), to be flustered, to panic; to be in a hurry, to rush
てんぼうあわてんぼうflustered person, hasty person
あわもりstrong Okinawa liquor
あわれhelpless, pity, sorrow, grief (adj-na,int,n)
れっぽいあわれっぽいplaintive, piteous, doleful
あわをくうto be flurried, to be confused, to lose one''s head
あんplan, suffix meaning draft (n,n-suf)
あんうんdark clouds
あんかっしょくdark brown
あんかんeasygoingness
あんがいunexpectedly (adj-na,n-adv)
あんきmemorization, learning by heart (n,vs)
あんぎゃpilgrimage, walking tour, tour
あんけんmatter in question, subject
あんこくdarkness
あんごうcode, password, cipher
あんさつassassination
あんしつa dark room
あんしょうreef, sunken rock
あんしんrelief
するあんしんするto be relieved
あんじょcalm, tranquil
あんずapricot, Prunus armenica, apricot tree
あんずたけchanterelle mushroom (Cantharellus cibarius)
ジャムあんずジャムapricot jam
あんせいrest, quiet
あんぜんcalm, tranquil
あんぜんほしょうsecurity guarantee (e.g. military security, network security, etc.)
あんたいpeace, security, tranquility, tranquillity
あんだsafe hit (baseball)
ちゃんあんちゃん(my) older brother; sonny (with a nuance of suspicion), lad
あんちゅうもさくgroping in the dark, exploring new avenues without having any clues
あんていstability, equilibrium (adj-na,n,vs)
あんないinformation
あんないじょうusherette
あんにimplicitly
あんねいpublic peace
あんねいちつじょpeace and order, law and order
あんのんpeace, quiet, tranquility, tranquillity
あんぴsafety, welfare, well-being
あんぽUS-Japan Security Treaty, safety, security
あんあんまmassage; masseur, masseuse
あんもくtacit, implicit
あんーいeasy-going
あ・うto meet, society
hog (esp. a wild boar, but also including the domesticated pig)
いあつcoercion
いあんsolace, relaxation
いいえ, いいや, いえ, いな, いやno, nay, well
いいぎりIdesia polycarpa, idesia
いいだすto start talking, to speak, to tell, to propose
いいだばしIidabashi, neighbourhood in Tokyo
けるいいつけるto tell, to tell on (someone), to order (v1)
いいわけexcuse; explanation
いいわたすto announce, to tell, to sentence, to order
いいんdoctor''s office (surgery), clinic, dispensary
いいんかいcommittee, commission, board, panel, committee meeting
いいんかいにはかるto submit (a plan) to a committee for deliberation
いいんちょうcommittee chairman
いうto say (u-v)
いえa house
いえいposthumous song or poem
いえにかえるto go home
えるいえるto recover, to be healed
いえをたてるto build a house
いえんgastritis, gastric catarrh
いおうsulfur (S), sulphur
いかcuttlefish, squid
いかいくんとうcourt rank and honors, court rank and honours
潰瘍いかいようstomach ulcer
いかくmenace, threat, intimidation; to threaten, to intimidate
いかくしゃげきwarning shot
イカいかすみ, イカすみsquid ink
いかつthreatening
いかりanger, hatred, rage, wrath
いかる, いかるが, はんきゅう, イカルJapanese grosbeak (Eophona personata)
いかんregrettable, unsatisfactory
いかんせんばんhighly regrettable, utterly deplorable
いかんなくunobjectionally, fully
えないいかんにたえないreally regrettable
いが, かさburr, bur, (chestnut) case, (pine) cone
いがいunexpected, surprising (adj-na,n)
いがいにexcept (for)...; besides...; excluding
いがきfence around a shrine
いがくmedical science, medicine (n)
いがぐりchestnut in its burr
いがぐりあたまclose-cropped head
いがたmold, mould, template
いがんin accordance with one''s request
いきabandonment, desertion, relinquishment
いき, すいchic, stylish, refined, sophisticated, smart; understanding, sympathetic; the best
いきいきvividly, lively (adv,n)
いきうめburying alive
いきおいforce, vigor, energy, spirit (adv,n)
いきがいsomething one lives for, purpose in life, raison d''etre
がるいきがるto be stylish, to try to appear smart
いきけんこうin high spirits, elated
込みいきごみardor, enthusiasm
いきじごくhell on earth, living hell
いきそそうdepressed in spirits, rejection, disheartened, lacking nerve
いきついそうconferment of posthumous rank
まりいきづまり, ゆきづまりdeadlock, stalemate, impasse, dead end
まるいきづまる, ゆきづまるto reach the limits, to come to the end of one''s tether
いきどおりresentment, indignation
いきどおるto be angry, to resent, to be enraged, to be indignant
いきないinside the area
いきのこりsurvivor
いきものliving thing, animal (n)
いきょdependence
いきょうstrange land
いきょうとpagan, heretic
いきょくmedical office, dispensary
きるいきるto live, to exist (v1)
をするいきをするbreathe
いぎobjection, dissent, protest
いぎょうgreat enterprise, exploits
いぎりすthe United Kingdom (of Great Britain etc)
いくsome, several; many; how many?, how much?
いくいくflourishing, teeming with culture, aromatic, emitting an aroma
いくえmulti-plied, repeated
いくえいeducation
いくじchildcare, nursing, upbringing (n)
いくすうきbreeder
いくせいrearing, training, nurture, cultivation, promotion
いくせいさいばいvegetable and fruit growing
いくたmany, numerous
いくつhow many?; how old?
いくついくつめhow many... (counter)
つもいくつもmany, great number of
にもいくねんにもわたるto extend over so many years
いくびbull neck
いくびょうraising seedlings
いくぶんsomewhat (adv,n)
いくめんhouse-husband (slang)
いくらhow much?, how many?
いくんdying instructions
いぐち, としん, みつくち, とけつharelip, cleft lip
いけpond (n)
いけいreverence, awe, respect
いけいようしi-adjective
いけがきhedge
いけばなliving flower arrangement
イケいけめんcool guy; good-looking, energetic man; hunk
いけめん, いけメンexceptionally ugly man
いけんunconstitutionality
いげんdignity, majesty, solemnity, gravity
いこorphan
いこいrest
稿いこうposthumous manuscripts
いこつremains, ashes of deceased
いこんgrudge, ill will, enmity
いごGo (board game of capturing territory)
いさいconspicuous colour, conspicuous color
いさおdistinguished service, meritorious service
いさきchicken grunt (fish), threeline grunt
いさぎよいmanly, sportsmanlike, pure, upright
いさぎよくbravely, manfully
いさぎよしpride, disdain
しとしないいさぎよしとしないfind it against one''s conscience (to do), too proud (to do)
ましいいさましいbrave, valiant, gallant, courageous (adj)
いさみあしovereagerness, rashness; forward step-out (in sumo)
いさんinheritance, bequest, legacy, heritage
いざかやan izakaya, a Japanese-style bar
いしdying wish
いしかいmedical association
いしかわIshikawa: a Japanese surname
いしがきstone wall
いしきconsciousness, senses (n,vs)
いしずえfoundation stone, cornerstone
いしだたみstone paving
いしつdifferent (quality, nature), heterogeneous
いしつひんlost article
れに枕すいしにくちすすぎながれにまくらすrefusing to admit being wrong and adhering to the far-fetched argument
いしばしstone bridge
いしひょうじdeclaration of intention
いしぶみstone monument bearing an inscription
いしべいstone wall
いしゃconsolation
いしゅgrudge, malice, spite
いしゅうoffensive smell, off-flavor, off-flavour
いしゅくwithering, atrophy, contraction, dwarf
いしょうclothing, costume, outfit, garment, dress
いしょくtransplanting, porting, implantation, engrafting
いしょくじゅうnecessities of life (food, clothing, etc.) (n)
いしょくじょうletter of appointment (to a position)
いしんsurviving retainer
いしんでんしんtelepathy, tacit understanding, communion of mind with mind, sympathy
いじorphan
いじひmaintenance costs
いじめbullying, teasing
いじゅうmigration, immigration
いじょうtransfer, assignment
いじょうにんしんabnormal pregnancy
いじわるmalicious, ill-tempered, unkind (adj-na,n)
をはいじをはるto be stubborn, to not give in
いじんgreat man
いすchair (n)
わるいすわるto remain, to stay (somewhere)
いずみspring, fountain (n)
いせいdifferent surname, different family name
いせいしゃstatesman
いせきhistoric ruins (remains, relics)
いせじんぐうGrand Shrine at Ise
いせたんIsetan (department store)
いせまいりIse pilgrimage
いせんparallel
いぜんstill, as yet, as it has been
としていぜんとしてstill, as yet, as of old
いそ(rocky) beach, seashore
いでいそいでhurriedly
いそうろうlodger who pays nothing for room and board, freeloader, sponger
しいいそがしいbusy, pressed for time, hustling
いそぎんちゃく, イソギンチャクsea anemone
いそぐto hurry
いそしぎsandpiper
いそづたいalong the beach
いそづりsurf-fishing
いそづり, いそずりfishing from rocks by the shore
いそひよどりblue rockthrush
いそべseashore, beach
いそんひんfragile article
いぞくbereaved family
いぞん, いそんdependence, dependent, reliance
いたboard, plank (n)
いたいcorpse, remains
いたくexceedingly
いたす(hum) to do (v5s)
いただきcrown (of head), summit (of mountain), spire; easy win for one; something received
いただくto receive, to take food or drink (hum) (v5k)
っていたってvery much, exceedingly, extremely
いたでserious wound, hard blow
いたべいwooden fence, board fence
ましいいたましいpitiful, heartbreaking, tragical
いたみpain, ache, sore, grief, distress (n)
いたみどめa painkiller
いたむto grieve over, to mourn, to lament
いたりutmost limit, extremity, result
いたりー, イタリア, イタリー, イタリヤItaly
いたるto arrive at (e.g. a decision), to reach (a stage), to attain; to lead to (a place), to get to; to come, to arrive
いたるところeverywhere, all over
ガラスいたガラスplate glass, sheet glass
いだいmedical university, medical school, med school
いち
いちいcaptain (JSDF)
いちい, イチイfirst place, first rank, unit''s position; Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata)
いちいんcause
いちえんwhole district, one yen, throughout
いちおうonce, tentatively, in outline, for the time being
いちおく100,000,000, one hundred million
いちがいにunconditionally, as a rule
いちがつJanuary
いちがんlump, (into) one
いちぐう, ひとすみcorner, nook
いちぐんgroup, flock, crowd, herd; wide expanse (of flowers)
いちげんきんsingle-stringed Japanese zither
いちこつ(in Japan) 1st note of the ancient chromatic scale (approx. D)
調いちこつちょう, いちこちちょう(in gagaku) scale similar to Mixolydian mode on D
いちじmoment, time (n-adv,n)
いちじかんone hour
いちじきおくfirst memory
いちじしきんlump-sum grant
いちじしのぎmakeshift, temporary expedient, stopgap measure
いちじゅんten days
いちじょうone tablet or pill; tray, salver
いちずwholeheartedly, earnestly
いちぞくfamily, relatives, dependents; household
いちだhorse load
いちだいone (machine, vehicle)
いちだく
いちだんmore, much more, still more, all the more; part (of a talk); Japanese verb group; first rank (in martial arts, etc.)
いちだんとgreater, more, further, still more (adv)
いちづけ, いちつけplacement, fixed position, mapping out, location
いちどonce
いちどうone building (hall, temple, shrine, room)
いちどにall at once (adv)
いちなんboy, eldest son
いちにちじゅうall day long
いちねんone year
いちねんかんa year
いちねんせいfirst-year student
いちば/しじょうa market, a marketplace
いちばいone share, one amount
いちばんnumber one
いちばんすきfavorite
いちばんどりfirst cockcrowing
いちひめにたろうIt''s good to have a girl first and then a boy
いちびょうsecond (time)
いちぶone part, one portion, one section, some; one copy (e.g. of a document)
いちぶいちりん(not even) a bit of, (not even) a hint of, (not) an iota of
わずいちぶいちりんもたがわずto be exactly alike
いちぼうone sweep (of the eye), an unbroken view
いちまいone thin flat object, one sheet
いちまいいわmonolithic
いちまつ(a) touch of, tinge of, wreath (e.g. of smoke); one stroke, one brush
いちまんえん10,000 Yen
いちもくりょうぜんapparent, obvious, very clear
いちや, ひとや, ひとよone night, all night, overnight, one evening
いちやく(at) one bound
いちょうstomach, gastrointestine
いちょう, イチョウ, ぎんなんginkgo (gingko) tree, maidenhair tree, Ginkgo biloba; nut of the ginkgo (gingko) tree
いちよく(a) part
いちらんat a glance, (a) look, (a) glance, (a) summary; (school) catalog, catalogue
いちらんせいそうせいじidentical twins
いちらんひょうlist, table, schedule, catalogue, catalog
いちりone league
いちりつevenness, uniformity, monotony, equality
いちりづかmilestone (1 ri apart)
いちりゅうfirst class, top grade, foremost, top-notch (n)
いちりゅうしきやくone particle irreducible (physics)
いちりんざしvase for one flower
いちるいfirst base, (a) fort
いちれいbow (salute, greeting)
いちれんseries, chain, sequence; two reams (i.e. 1000 sheets of paper); verse, stanza
いちれんたくしょうsharing one''s lot with another
いちろくぎんこうpawnshop
いちろくしょうぶgambling, speculation
いちわbundle, bunch
いっかa house, a home, a family, a household (n)
いっかいone floor, first floor
いっかい, ひとかたまりone lump, one group
いっかくone block, enclosure
いっかく, イッカクcorner, section, point; one horn; narwhal (Monodon monoceros)
いっかくじゅうunicorn
いっかくせんきんgetting rich quick
いっかげつone month
いっかつall together, batch, one lump, one bundle, summing up
いっかつはらいlump-sum payment
いっかねんone year
いっかんconsistency, coherence, integration; one kan (8.333 lbs)
していっかんしてconsistently
いっきmissing a chance
いっきいちゆうnow rejoicing, now worrying, swinging from joy to sorrow, glad and sad by turns, alternating hope and fear, unable to put one''s mind at ease
いっきうちpersonal combat, one-to-one fight
いっきくone scoop (of water)
いっきとうせんbeing a match for a thousand, being a mighty warrior (combatant, player)
いっきゅうone grade, first-class, primary
いっきょone effort, one action
いっきょうsurprise, amazement
いっきん1kin (~0.6kg); 1 loaf of bread
いっくphrase (verse, line); one haiku-poem
いっくよむto make up a haiku poem
いっけんone house
いっけんいっけんhouse to house, door to door
いっけんやdetached house, single house; isolated house
いっこthe first beat of the war drum
いっこくminute, moment, an instant; stubborn, hot-headed
いっこだて(separate) house
いっさcolonel (JSDF)
いっさいall, everything, without exception, the whole, entirely, absolutely
いっさくねんyear before last (n-adv,n-t)
いっさつone copy (e.g. book)
いっさんかたんそcarbon monoxide
いっしan arrow, (a) retort
いっしつone room
いっしどうじんloving every human being with impartiality, universal brotherhood, universal benevolence
いっしゃくapprox. 30 cm
いっしゅtanka, poem
いっしゅう, ひとめぐりonce around, a revolution, a lap, a turn, a round, one full year
いっしゅうかんone week
いっしゅうきfirst anniversary of death
いっしゅうねんone full year
いっしゅんa moment, an instant (n-adv,n-t)
いっしゅんかんmoment, instant
いっしょtogether (adv,n)
いっしょうunit of old Japanese liquid measurement, 1800 cc
いっしょうがいlifetime, one''s whole life, all through life
いっしょうけんめいvery hard, with utmost effort, with all one''s might, for dear life
いっしょうびん1sho bottle (1.8 litres)
いっしょく, いっしき, ひといろone color, one colour, one article
いっしょくそくはつcritical (touch and go) situation, explosive situation
いっしょにtogether
いっしんfirst instance, first trial
いっすい(usu. in negative sentences) (not) a wink of sleep
いっすいのゆめan empty dream
するいっするto lose (a chance), to miss (a chance); to overlook, to omit, to forget; to deviate
いっすんone sun (approx. 3.03 cm); a little bit (of time, distance, etc.)
いっすんさきan inch ahead, the immediate future
いっせいsimultaneous, all at once
いっせいけんきょwholesale arrest, round-up
いっせいしゃげきvolley firing, fusillade, broadside
いっせいだかall-round (market) advance
いっせいにsimultaneously, all at once
いっせいやすall-round (market) decline
いっせきone boat, one ship
いっせきがんsharp eye, critical eye, discerning eye, an opinion
いっせきにちょうkilling two birds with one stone
いっせつ, ひとふしa verse (e.g. in the Bible), stanza, paragraph, passage, a joint, section, a tune, note, strain, measure
いっせつな(a) moment, an instant
いっせんline
いっそうmaster sergeant (JSDF)
いっそう, いっそmuch more, still more, all the more, (would) rather, sooner, might as well; single layer (or storey, etc.)
いっそうしきone-part washing machine
いったいregion, zone, whole place
いったんone end, an end; part, fragment
いっちcoincidence, agreement, union, match; conformity, consistency; cooperation
いっちょうone block (city); piece, an order
いってい, いちじょうfixed, settled, constant, definite, uniform, regularized, regularised, defined, standardized, standardised, certain, prescribed
いってつobstinate, stubborn, inflexible
いってつものstubborn person
いっと1to (~18l)
いっとうfirst-class, first-rank, A1, the most, the best
いっとうぐんそうsergeant first-class
いっとうりょうだんcutting in two with a single stroke, taking decisive (drastic) measure, cutting the (Gordian) knot
いっぱいcup of ..., drink; full; to the utmost, up to (one''s income), (a) lot of, much
いっぱくstopping one night
いっぱんgeneral, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
いっぱんかgeneralization, generalisation, popularization, popularisation
いっぱんかいけいgeneral accounting and finance
いっぱんてきpopular, typical, general
いっぱんにin general
いっぱんばくりょうgeneral staff
いっぴきone animal; two-tan bolt of cloth
いっぴょうballot, vote
いっぴんarticle of rare beauty, gem
いっぺんonce, one time, (all at) once, in one sitting; exclusively, only, alone
いっぺんとうcomplete devotion to one side
いっぽ(a) step; level, stage; small degree, small amount
いっぽんすぎ(a) solitary cryptomeria tree
いっぽんずり, いっぽんづりfishing with a pole
いつうstomach-ache, stomach pain, gastralgia
いつかthe 5th day
いつくto worship, enshrine
しみいつくしみaffection, love
しむいつくしむto love, to be affectionate to, to pity
いつざいoutstanding talent
いつだつdeviation, omission, departure
いつつfive
いつわanecdote
いつわりlie, falsehood, fiction, fabrication
いつわりちかうto swear falsely
いつわるto lie, to cheat, to falsify, to deceive, to pretend
いづつwell crib
いてんmoving, transfer, demise
いでんheredity, inherent
いでんしgene, genetic
いとthread
いとぐちthread end, beginning, clue
いとこa female cousin
しいいとしいlovely, dear, beloved, darling
いとてきintentional, on purpose
いとまきthread-reel
いどlatitude (nav.)
いどうremoval, migration, movement; mobile (e.g. communications)
いどころaddress
いどし, いのししどしyear of the boar
いどばたかいぎcontent-free chat, idle gossip
いどほりwell digging, well digger
いどみずwell water
いどむto challenge, to throw down the gauntlet, to contend for, to tackle; to pressure someone for sex, to woo, to make love to
いないwithin; inside of; less than
いなかcountryside
いなさくrice crop
いなずま, いなづま(flash of) lightning
いなだpaddy field, rice field
いなほear (head) of rice
いなりInari (god of harvests, Uka-no-Mitama); Inari shrine, Fushimi Inari shrine (in Kyoto); fox (said to be messengers of Inari); fried tofu (said to be a favourite food of foxes); Inari-zushi
いにかなうto satisfy (one), to meet (one''s) desire
いぬa dog
いぬいnorthwest
いぬごやkennel
いぬつげ, イヌツゲJapanese holly (Ilex crenata)
いぬまき, イヌマキyew plum pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus)
いねrice-plant
いねかりrice reaping
いねむりdozing, nodding off
わらいねわら, いなわらrice straw, paddy straw
いのこく10 o''clock in the evening
いのちがけlife and death, risking one''s life, risky, desperate
いのちづなlifeline
いのちびろいnarrow escape from death
いのりprayer, supplication
いのるto pray, to wish
いはくdoctor
いはんviolation (of law), transgression, infringement, breach
いばしんえん(being unable to control) one''s worldly desires and passions
いばらいばらひめSleeping Beauty, Thorn Princess, Briar Rose
いふawe, fear, fright
いふくclothes
いぶきbreath
いぶきびゃくしん, イブキビャクシンChinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis)
いぶくろstomach
いへんaccident, disaster
いほうmemory or autograph of deceased
いほうじんforeigner, stranger, gentile
いまliving room (western style)
いま、こん、きんnow
いましめcaution, admonition, warning, lesson; prohibition, ban, commandment, precept; caution, guard; punishment; binding (with rope), binds
めるいましめるto bind (with rope, etc.)
いまなおstill, even now
でもいままでeven now; still
いまやnow
まわしいいまわしいabominable
いみmourning, abstinence; taboo; religious purification; pure, holy
いみあいimplication, nuance
いみがきshrine fence
いみびunlucky day, death anniversary, purification and fast day
いみんemigration, immigration; emigrant, immigrant
いむto avoid, to refrain from, to shun; to detest
いもtuber, taro, potato; yokel, bumpkin
いもうとone''s younger sister
さんいもうとさん(somebody else''s) younger sister
いものcast metal, casting
いもほりpotato field (furrows)
いもむしhornworm (caterpillar of a hawk moth), (hairless) caterpillar
いもんcondolences, sympathy call
いやdisagreeable, no (na-adj,n)
がらせいやがらせharassment, pestering
いやき, いやけ, けんきdislike, disgust, disinclination, tired of
いやくひんmedical supplies
やしいやしhealing, soothing, therapy, comfort, solace
しいいやしいgreedy, vulgar, shabby, humble, base, mean, vile
しからぬいやしからぬrespectable, decent
しみいやしみcontempt
しむいやしむto despise, to disdain, to scorn
しむべきいやしむべきdespicable
しめるいやしめるto despise, to abase (oneself)
やすいやすto heal, to cure
いよくwill, desire, ambition
いらいrequest, commission, dispatch, despatch; dependence, trust
いらいしゃclient
いりentering; setting (of the sun); containing, content, audience; income; beginning
いりあいのかねevening bell, vespers bell
いりぐちan entrance
いりぐち, いりくち, はいりぐち, はいりくちentrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth
いりはまsalt farm
婿いりむこman who takes his wife''s name
いりゅうdissuasion from resigning or leaving
いりょうfood and clothing
いりょうきかいmedical appliances, surgical instruments
いりょうほうしゅうmedical fee
いりょくpower, might, authority, influence
いるto cast, to mint, to coin
いるいclothes, clothing, garments
いるか, イルカdolphin (or other small toothed whales, such as porpoises, belugas, etc.)
いれいexception, illness, singular, exceptional, unprecedented
いれいさいmemorial service
いれかえreplacement, substitution, change
いれずみ, しせい, ぶんしん, げいtattoo
いれちえsuggestion, hint
いれつgreat achievement
れるいれるto insert (usu. as part of sexual intercourse)
いろcolor
いろうrecognition of services
いろえんぴつcolor pencil, colour pencil
いろずり(three) colour printing, (three) color printing
いろどりcoloring, colouring, coloration, colouration, assortment, color scheme, colour scheme, makeup
いろどるto colour, to color, to paint, to make up
いろは, イロハtraditional ordering of the Japanese syllabary; fundamentals, the ABCs of ...
いろりhearth, fireplace
いろんdifferent opinion, objection
いわweight (of a fishing net)
いわ, いわおrock, crag
いわいcongratulations; celebration, festival
いわいうたfestive poem or song; congratulatory form (of waka)
いわいぎfestive dress
いわいごとa celebration
いわいざけcelebratory alcohol
いわいものgongratulatory gift
いわうto congratulate, to celebrate
いわかんuncomfortable feeling, feeling out of place, sense of discomfort; malaise, physical unease
いわたIwata: a Japanese surname
いわたな, いわだなledge
いわとrock door (to a cave)
いわはだbare rock, rock surface, rock face
わばいわばso to speak, so to call it, as it were
いわまamong rocks
いわやcave
いわやまrocky mountain
いわゆるso-called
いんrhyme
いんえいshadow, gloom; shading, hatch, hatching
いんかpermission, assent, compliance
いんかんstamp, seal
いんがcause and effect, karma, fate
いんきgloom, melancholy
いんきゃくmetrical foot (poet.)
いんきょretirement; retired person
いんきょうcourtesy, sincerity
いんけいpenis
いんごrhyme in a Chinese poem
いんさつprinting
いんさつきprinting press
いんさつばいたいprint media
いんしfactor, divisor, element
湿いんしつmalicious, spiteful, vicious; devious, underhanded, sly; damp and shady
いんしぶんせきfactor analysis
いんしゅdrinking alcohol
いんしょうimpression
けるいんしょうづけるto impress (someone)
いんしょうてきimpressive
いんしょくfood and drink, eating and drinking
いんしんthe labium, labia
いんじrhyming words
いんじゅんindecision, vacillation
いんじゅんこそくdilly-dallying and temporizing (temporising)
いんせいnegative
いんせきtaking responsibility
いんぞくin-law, relative by marriage
退いんたいretire
いんちseal stamp pad
いんちょうthe director, the president (of an organization)
いんとくconcealment
いんとくしゃhider, person in hiding
いんとくぶっしconcealed materials
いんどしなIndo-China
いんねん, いんえんhetu and prataya (direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things); fate, destiny; connection, origin; pretext
いんぶんverse, poetry
いんぶんいんぶbeing versed in the literary and military arts
いんぷbook of seals
いんぼうplot intrigue, conspiracy
いんぽんlewdness, lasciviousness
いんめつdestruction, suppression
いんようふquotation marks, quote marks
いんりつrhythm, metre (poet)
いんりょう(a) drink
いんりょくgravitation
アトニーいアトニーgastric atony
カタルいカタルgastric catarrh
カメラいカメラendoscope, gastrocamera
ポリープいポリープgastric polyp
い・うword, to say
い・きる、う・む、なま、きto live, to grow, be born, raw
い・く、ゆ・く、おこな・うto go, to walk, to carry out
counter for buildings, etc.
う, ぼうfourth sign of Chinese zodiac (The Hare, 5am-7am, east, February)
ういunhappy, sad, gloomy
ういじんfirst campaign, one''s first battle
ういまご, はつまごfirst grandchild
ういろうtype of sweet made from rice-powder
うえhunger, starvation
うえきgarden shrubs, trees, potted plant
うえきばちflowerpot
うえじに, がし, かつえじに, きし(death from) starvation, starving to death
うえのsection of Tokyo
うえよえukiyoe (Edo wood-block prints)
えるうえる, かつえるto starve, to thirst, to be hungry
うおいちばfish market
うかがいinquiry, enquiry, question, call, consulting the oracle, visit
うかがいごとinquiry, enquiry
うかがいさぐるto spy out
うかがいずみinstructions received
いを立てるうかがいをたてるto ask for someone''s opinion, to inquire of, to invoke an oracle
うかがうto visit, to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told; to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior); to visit; to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)
かびがるうかびあがるto rise to the surface
かべるうかべるto float; to express, to look (sad, glad); to think, to imagine, to remember
うがい, がんそうgargling, rinsing one''s mouth
うがんright bank (shore)
うきfloat (fishing), buoy
うきぐもdrifting cloud
うきさんばしfloating pier
うきぼりrelief, embossed carving
うきめbitter experience, misery, distress, grief, sad thoughts, hardship
うけbasin, tub
うけいrightist, leaning to the right
うけいれreceiving, acceptance
れるうけいれるto accept, to receive
うけおうto contract, to undertake
うけざらsaucer; receptacle for things, receiving something (e.g. funds)
うけたまわるto hear, to be told, to know; to receive (order), to undertake, to comply, to take (a reservation, etc.)
うけつけreception desk
めるうけとめるto catch, to stop the blow, to react to, to take
うけとるaccent
うごきmovement, activity, trend, development, change
うさgloom, melancholy
うさぎどしyear of the hare
うしsecond sign of Chinese zodiac (The Ox, 1am-3am, north-northeast, December)
うしかいcow herd
うしとらnortheast
うしどしyear of the ox
うしなうto lose, to part with
うしのこくtwo o''clock in the morning
うしのとしYear of the Ox
うしのひday of the ox (esp. in midsummer or midwinter)
うしみつどきmidnight
うしろbehind, rear (n)
姿うしろすがたretreating figure, appearance from behind
うしろだてbacking, support, backer, supporter, patron, sponsor; shield that protects one''s back
うじがみShinto god, patron god
うじこshrine parishioner
うすいthin, weak (adj)
うすいとうげUsui Pass
うすぐもりslightly cloudy
うすぐらいdim, gloomy
うすごおり, はくひょうthin ice, danger
烏芻うすさまみょうおうUsusama Vidya-raja
うすまく, はくまくthin film
うすもの, らlightweight fabric or clothing, silk gauze, thin silk; Latin (language)
れるうすれるto fade, to become dim
うずswirl
うずしおwhirling tides
うずまきwhirlpool, eddy, coil
うずまくto whirl, to eddy, to swirl, to curl (smoke)
まるうずまる, うまるto be buried, to be surrounded, to overflow, to be filled
うせつturn right
うせつきんしcannot turn right
うたsong; classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka); modern poetry
うたいNoh chanting, recitation
うたうto sing; to sing (one''s praises in a poem, etc.)
うたがいdoubt, question, uncertainty, skepticism, scepticism, suspicion, distrust
うたがうto doubt, to distrust, to be suspicious of, to suspect
わしいうたがわしいdoubtful, questionable, uncertain, disputable, suspicious
うたげparty, banquet, feast
うたごえsinging voice
うたひめsongstress
うだいかんば, ウダイカンバmonarch birch (Betula maximowicziana), Japanese birch
うだつshort pillar set on a beam to support a ridgepole
がらないうだつがあがらないno hope of getting ahead
のあがらないうだつのあがらないlacking potential for advancement, no-hoper
うちあげlaunch
うちいりraid
うちがわinside, interior, inner part
うちこうしょう, ないこうしょうpreliminary negotiations
うちでしprivate pupil, apprentice
めるうちとめるto hammer into place; to end (a performance); to kill, to slay, to shoot dead, to cut down
うちのうちのやつmy wife, "the wife"
うちぼりinner moat, moat within the castle walls
うちゅうuniverse, cosmos, space
うちゅうかいはつspace development
うちゅうかいはつじぎょうだんNational Space Development Agency, NASDA
うちゅうかんbetween right and center fielders (baseball) (centre)
うちゅうくうかんthe void of space
うちゅうつうしんspace communication
うちゅうひこうしastronaut
うちょうてんecstasy
うちわけthe items, breakdown, classification
うっそうthick, dense, luxuriant
うったえlawsuit, complaint
うつto shoot (at); to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge
うつぎdeutzia, Deutzia crenata
しいうつくしいbeautiful, lovely
うつしcopy, duplicate, facsimile, transcript
うつしだすto project, to reflect
うつすto copy, to make a copy of, to reproduce
うつるto be reflected, to harmonize with (harmonise), to come out (photo), to be projected
うつわbowl, vessel, container; ability, capacity, calibre, caliber
うつ・す、うつ・る、シャcopy, duplicate
うづき, うつき, うずきfourth month of the lunar calendar
うづきどりlesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
うてきraindrops
うてんrainy weather
うでarm
うでどけいa wristwatch, a watch
うでのさえdexterity, skill
うでまえability, skill, facility
うといdistant, estranged, disinterested
ましいうとましいdisagreeable, unpleasant, adverse, unsympathetic
うとむto neglect, to shun, to alienate
うながすto urge, to press, to prompt, to suggest, to demand, to stimulate, to quicken, to incite, to invite (attention to)
うなじnape, nucha
うなずくto nod, to bow one''s head in assent
うねridge, rib
うねおりribbed fabric, corded fabric
立てうねだてbuilding rice-field ridges
うねまfurrow, room with ridged roof
うねみぞfurrow ridges
ねるうねるto undulate, to meander, to surge, to swell, to roll, to wind
うのはなbean-curd lees, soybean pulp, refuse from tofu; deutzia, Deutzia crenata
うはright wing
うばいあいscramble (for)
うばいとるto plunder
うばうto snatch away, to dispossess
うべなうto agree, to assent, to consent, to obey, to conform
うまa horse
うまいskillful, clever, expert, wise, successful; delicious, appetizing, appetising; fortunate, splendid, promising
がるうまがるto relish, to show a liking for
うまくskillfully, well, deliciously, aptly, cleverly
くいくうまくいくto go smoothly, to turn out well, to do the trick, to have peaceful relations
うまみgood flavor (flavour), good taste, deliciousness; umami (fifth category of taste, corresponding to the flavour of glutamates); skill; profit
まれるうまれるto be born
うみocean
うみがめloggerhead, sea turtle
うみべ, かいへんbeach, seashore
うむ, ゆうむ
うめ, ウメplum, Japanese apricot, prunus mume; lowest (of a three-tier ranking system)
うめしゅsake with plums, unripe Japanese apricots soaked in spirits
め立てうめたてfilling up, reclamation
め立てうめたてちreclaimed land
め立てるうめたてるto reclaim, to fill up
うめぼしdried plum
うもうfeathers, plumage, down
しいうやうやしいrespectful, reverent
しくうやうやしくreverentially, respectfully
うやむやindefinite, hazy, vague
うゆうnon-existence
うよくright-wing
うよくだんたいright-wing organization (clique) (organisation)
うらinlet
うらかぜsea breeze
うらかたlady consort (to a high personage); someone working behind-the-scenes, scene shifter
うらがねbribe; secret fund, slush fund, money for bribery
うらがわthe reverse, other side, lining
うらぎるto betray, to turn traitor to, to double-cross
うらしいうらさびしいlonesome, lonely, forlorn
うらざとvillage by the sea
うらづけbacking, support, endorsement, collateral, security, guarantee, proof, substantiation, foundation, lining (something), something lined
うらとびらback leaf
うらないfortune-telling, divination
うらなうto forecast, to predict
うらなみ(seaside) breakers
うらはらopposite, reverse, contrary
うらびとseaside dweller
うらべseacoast
うらみresentment, grudge, malice, bitterness; matter for regret, regret
みっこなしうらみっこなしwith no hard feelings
みっこのないようにうらみっこのないようにmaking it even, for fair play
みつらみうらみつらみpent-up resentment, grudges and hard feelings
うらむto resent, to curse, to feel bitter, to blame, to bear a grudge; to regret
むらくはうらむらくはI regret that, I feel terrible but, I''m sorry but
うらめreverse side, opposite (of the expected), backfire; purl stitch (knitting)
めしいうらめしいreproachful, hateful, bitter
らかうららかbright, beautiful, fine, glorious
うりsale, selling; selling point, gimmick
うりあげamount sold, proceeds
うりあげだかsales, amount sold, proceeds
うりけれるto sell out, to be sold out, to be out of stock
り込みうりこみsales promotion
瓜の蔓にらぬうりのつるになすびはならぬlike begets like
うりばa sales counter
うりょうrainfall
うるto sell, to deal in, to betray
うるおいmoisture, damp, wetness; richness, warmth, gain, profit; financial leeway
うるおうto be moist, to be damp, to get wet, to profit by, to be watered, to receive benefits, to favor, to favour, to charm, to steepen
うるおすto moisten, to wet, profit, to enrich, to benefit
うるさいnoisy, loud; fussy; annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate; bossy
さがるうるさがるto feel annoyed at
うるしlacquer, varnish; lacquer tree (Toxicodendron vernicifluum)
かぶれうるしかぶれlacquer poisoning
うるしぬりlacquering, lacquer ware
うるみblur, moisture, opacity
うるむto be clouded, to be dimmed, to be bleared, to be wet, to get muddy
しいうるわしいbeautiful, lovely
うれいsad, unhappy, gloomy
うれいがおsad face, sorrowful face, anxious look, sad countenance
うべきうれうべきdeplorable, alarming, grievous, lamentable
うれえlamentation; grief, anguish; anxiety; illness; mourning
えるうれえるto grieve, to lament, to be anxious, to be distressed
しいうれしいhappy, glad, pleasant
しがらせうれしがらせflattery, adulation, commendation
しがるうれしがるto be glad
しそううれしそうdelightful, glad-looking
うれしなきweeping for joy, crying with happiness
うれしなみだhappy tears, tears of joy
うろhollow, cavity, hole
うわきextramarital sex, affair, fooling around; infidelity, wantonness, unfaithfulness, inconstancy, fickleness, caprice
うわぎouter garment, coat
調うわっちょうしflippant, frivolous, shallow
うわづみdeck cargo, upper layer of goods; extra; to pile on top of
うんone''s lot, (one''s) destiny, fortune, luck
うんえいmanagement, administration, operation
うんか, くもかすみclouds and haze (fog), disappearing, fleeing
うんがcanal, waterway
がいいうんがいいbe lucky, have good luck
うんこうoperating (e.g. ships, aircraft)
うんさんむしょうvanishing like mist
うんじょうclouds and earth, great difference
うんすいitinerant priest, clouds and water
うんぜんだけmountain in Nagasaki Prefecture
うんそうtransport, freight, shipping
うんうんちくone''s vast stock of knowledge
うんちんfreight rates, shipping expenses, fare
うんてんoperation, motion, driving
うんてんしゅdriver, chauffeur
するうんてんするto drive (a car), to run (a train)
うんてんめんきょしょうa driver''s licence
うんでいのさwide difference, a world of difference
うんどうexercise, athletics, sports, games, a campaign
うんどうぐつsports shoes, sneakers
うんぱんtransport, carriage
うんぱんにんcarrier, conveyor
うんぱんひtransportation charge
うんむclouds and fog
うんめいfate
うんもmica
うんゆtransportation
うんゆしょうMinistry of Transport
うんようmaking use of, application, investment, practical use
inlet, bay
えいいeagerly, earnestly, diligently
えいえんeternity
えいかpoem, song, (Buddh.) pilgrim''s song
えいかくacute angle
えいかんlaurels, garland
えいがmovie
えいがかんmovie theatre (theater), cinema (n)
えいがかんとくmovie (film) director
えいきゅうpermanence
えいきょうinfluence, effect
えいぎょうbusiness, trade, sales, operations
えいぎょうしょbusiness office, place of business
えいぎんreciting poetry
えいこvicissitudes, ups and downs
えいこうglory
えいこくEngland
えいこせいすいups and downs of life, vicissitudes of fortune
えいごintelligent, shrewd
えいごきそのうりょくしけんEnglish Language Proficiency Test, TOEFL
えいごじゅくprivate school for the study of English
えいさいunusual talent, gifted
えいしthe emperor''s instructions
姿えいしさっそうcutting a fine (dashing, gallant, noble) figure
えいしゃa swimmer
えいしゅんa genius, prodigy
えいしょうaria
えいじEnglish letter, alphabetic character
えいじゅうpermanent residence
じるえいじるto compose (e.g. poem), to recite, to sing
えいせいhealth, hygiene, sanitation, medical
えいぜんupkeep (of equip.)
えいそうbuilding a nest
えいぞうreflection, image, picture (e.g. on a television)
えいぞくpermanence, continuation
えいたいpermanence, eternity
えいちintelligence
えいびんsharpness, keenness, sensitiveness, mental acumen
えいふつかいきょうthe English Channel
えいぶんsentence in English, article in English, English text; English literature (study of)
えいぶんがくstudy of English literature
えいぶんに(in the) emperor''s hearing
えいめいintelligent, wise, bright, brilliant, clear-sighted
えいやくEnglish translation
えいゆうhero, great man
えいよhonour, honor
えいようnutrition, nourishment
耀えいようえいが, えようえいがwealth, prosperity, and arrogant splendor (splendour), (living sumptuously) intoxicated by wealth and power, luxury
えいようしnutritionist
調えいようしっちょうmalnutrition
えいようそnutrient
えいよれいsalute of guards of honor (honour)
えいらんthe emperor''s personal inspection
えいりsharpness
えいりょthe emperor''s pleasure
えいりんMotion Picture Code of Ethics Committee
えいりんしょforest service field office
えいれいspirits of war dead, great men
えいわEnglish-Japanese (e.g. dictionary)
えいわじてんEnglish-Japanese dictionary
えかきartist, painter
えがおa smiling face
えがきだすto delineate, to draw, to express, to imagine
えがく, かくto draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
えきliquid, fluid
えき, やく, ようbenefit, use, good, advantage, gain; profit, gains
えきいんtrain station attendent (employee)
えきかliquefaction
えきがくepidemiology, the study of epidemics
えきしゃstation building
えきしょうliquid crystal
えきじょうかliquefaction, liquefy
えきたいliquid, fluid
えきちょうstation master
えきていdelivery of packages, postal service
えきでんstagecoach, post horse
えきとうstation
えきびょう, やくびょうinfectious disease, plague, epidemic
えきべんboxed lunch (bought at a station)
えきまえin front of a (train) station
えきむばいしょうreparation in the form of service
えきりchildren''s dysentery
えきれいepidemic, plague, pestilence
えげんthe wisdom eye
えごのき, エゴノキJapanese snowbell, styrax japonica
えごまegoma (type of perilla), Perilla frutescens var. frutescens
えごまゆegoma seed oil
えしnecrosis
えしゃくnod, salutation, greeting, recognition, bow
えだbranch, bow, bough, twig, limb
えだは, しようleaves and branches, side issues, foliage
えだまめedamame (green soybeans)
えっきょうborder transgression
えっけんaudience (with someone)
えっさいmusket (male Japanese sparrowhawk)
えっすto have an audience with
えっす, けみすto inspect, to examine, to check; to elapse, to pass (time)
するえっするto have an audience with
するえっする, けみするto inspect, to examine, to check; to elapse, to pass (time)
えっとうpassing the winter
えっぺいparade, review (of troops)
えつself-satisfaction, rejoicing
えつどくreading, perusal
えつにいるto be pleased, to gloat, to glow with self-satisfaction
えつねんring out the old year, hibernation
えつらくenjoyment, pleasure
えつらんinspection, reading; browsing (the WWW, internet), web browsing
えつらんしつinspection room, reading room
えつりsheathing (under thatched roofing); lath (used as a foundation for a mud plaster wall); decorative rafters (of alternating wood and bamboo)
えつれきcareer
わるえつをたまわるto be granted an audience
えどold name of Tokyo
えどがわEdo River
えどっこtrue Tokyoite
えどのかたきをながさきでうつto take revenge on someone in an unlikely place
えどまえTokyo style
いた餠えにかいたもちpie in the sky, castle in the air
えのきJapanese hackberry (Celtis sinensis var. japonica)
えのぐcolors, colours, paints
はがきえはがきpicture postcard
えひめけんEhime prefecture (Shikoku)
えびす, ゑびす, えべす, ひるこEbisu (god of fishing and commerce)
えほんpicture book
えぼしblack-lacquered headgear (made of silk, cloth or paper) originally worn by court nobles in ancient Japan, and afterwards spreading to the common people
えまきpicture scroll
えみsmile
えものgame, spoils, trophy
えもんdress, clothes, drapery
えらいgreat, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent; awful, terrible
いですねえらいですねgood!, great!
がるえらがるto be conceited, to think highly of oneself
そうえらそうself-important, important-looking, proud
えらぶto choose, to select
えりneck, collar, lapel, neckband
えりうらlining of the collar
ぐりえりぐりneckline (of dress, etc.)
えりさきcollar points
えりしたusu. the drop between collar and bottom hem on kimono, yukata, etc.
えりしんcollar core (stiff fabric, etc. inside a collar)
えりまきmuffler, scarf, comforter
蜥蜴えりまきとかげ, エリマキトカゲfrilled lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii), frill-necked lizard
えりもとfront of neck, collar
えるto get, to acquire, to obtain, to procure, to earn, to win, to gain, to secure, to attain; (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to .../can ...
えん、まる・いcircle, yen, round
えんえいlong-distance swimming
えんかtroubadour
沿えんかいcoast, shore, inshore, coastal waters
沿えんかいしゅう(Russian) maritime provinces
えんかくdistant, remote, isolated
えんかつ, えんこつsmooth, undisturbed, uninterrupted, harmonious
ビニールえんかビニール, えんかビニルvinyl chloride
沿えんがんcoast, shore, littoral
えんきpostponement, adjournment
えんきどうcircular orbit
えんきゅうknoll, hummock
えんきょりlong distance, tele-
えんぎacting, performance
えんぐんreinforcement
えんけいcircle
えんげいhorticulture, gardening
えんげきplay (theatrical)
えんこrelation, connection, affinity
えんこんenmity, grudge
えんごcovering, protection, backing, relief
えんざん, とおやまdistant mountain
えんしfarsighted
えんしゃっかんinternational yen loan
えんしゅうpractice, practise, exercises, manoeuvres, maneuvers, practicum
えんしゅつproduction (e.g. play), direction
えんしょうinflammation, irritation
燕雀えんじゃくこうこくHow can a small bird (a sparrow, a petty person) understand the aspirations of a great bird (a phoenix), Only a hero can understand a hero
えんじゅくripeness, mellowness, maturity, perfection
えんじょassistance, aid, support
えんじょうblazing up; destruction of a large building by fire; flood of comments to a blog, exceeding what the blog''s owner can answer
えんじんape man
えんすいplumb bob
えんずいmedulla oblongata
えんせいexpedition, campaign, (performer''s) tour; away series (baseball)
えんせいけんYangqingquan, Yangqing Fist
えんせきbanquet, dinner party
沿えんせんalong railway line
えんぜつspeech, address
えんそchlorine (Cl)
えんそうmusical performance
えんそうばyen exchange rate
えんそくan excursion, a trip, a hike, an outing, a picnic
えんたいarrears, (being) overdue, delay (e.g. in payment), procrastination
えんたくround table
えんたくかいぎround-table conference
えんだかstrong yen
えんだんmarriage proposal, engagement
えんちゅう, まるばしらcolumn, shaft, cylinder; round pillar (esp. in buildings)
えんちょうextension, elongation, prolongation, lengthening; Enchou era (923.4.11-931.4.26)
えんていdike, weir
えんてんblazing heat, scorching sun
えんでんsaltpan, field for drying salt
えんとうcylinder
えんとつchimney, smokestack, funnel (of a ship), stovepipe; carrying a passenger without turning on the taximeter
沿えんどうroute, course, roadside
カラスえんばく, からすむぎ, カラスむぎ, カラスムギwild oat (Avena fatua), wild oats; oat (Avena sativa), oats
えんばんdisk, discus, platter; flying saucer
えんぴつpencil
えんぴつびゃくしん, エンピツビャクシンeastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
えんぶんsalt, salt content
えんぷん, えんふんround burial mound
えんまんperfection, harmony, peace, smoothness, completeness, satisfaction, integrity
えんむhaze, mist, fog
えんめいlong life, longevity; macrobiotics
えんやすcheap yen
えんゆうdrinking party hall, banquet seat
えんらいdistant thunder
えんりょdiffidence, restraint, reserve, discretion, tact, thoughtfulness
えんりょえしゃくreserve and consideration (to others)
するえんりょするto hold back, to be modest
なくえんりょなくwithout reservation
えんをかくto draw a circle
tail, ridge
さまおあいにくさまthat''s too bad (ironical), unfortunate person (often a gleeful "too bad for you!")
うございますおあつうございますit is warm (very polite)
おいold age, old person, the old, the aged
おいかぜ, おいてtailwind, fair or favorable wind (favourable)
い込むおいこむto herd, to corner, to drive
おいしげるto grow thickly, to be overgrown
いつくおいつくto overtake, to catch up (with)
いておいてat, in, on
おいとまleaving, going home; quitting one''s job; free time, leisure, spare time
おいのりprayer, supplication
おいめindebtedness, unfulfilled promise, drawback
おいらんcourtesan, prostitute
おいらんどうちゅうprocession of courtesans
いをおいわいをいうcongratulate
おうto chase, to run after, to pursue; to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend); to drive out, to oust, to expel; to drive (i.e. a herd); (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
おう, おきなold man, venerable
おういんrhyming
おうえんaid, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting, barracking, support, cheering
おうおうsometimes, often
おうか, さくらばなcherry blossom
おうかっしょくyellowish-brown
おうかんcrown, diadem; bottle cap
おうきゅうroyal palace
おうぎ, おおぎfolding fan
おうぎがた, せんけいfan shape
おうこうking and princes, noble rank
おうこうへいかHer Majesty the Queen
おうこくkingdom
おうごんgold
おうごんじだいGolden Age
おうごんすうはいmammon worship
おうさつbid
おうさまking
おうざthrone
おうしつroyal family
おうしゅうEurope
おうしゅうしょこくEuropean countries
おうしょうking; king (for senior player) (shogi)
おうしんdoctor''s visit, house call
おうじancient times
おうじゃking, monarch, ruler
おうじょprincess
じるおうじるto respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
おうせいfull of vim and vigor
おうぜんprosperous
おうたいしひcrown princess
おうだhit, strike, blow
おうだくconsent, compliance
おうだんcrossing; traversing
おうだんまく
おうち, おくちinterior, backwoods, hinterland, back regions
おうちょうdynasty
おうとvomiting
おうとうyellow peach
おうとつunevenness, roughness, ruggedness
おうど, こうどearth, yellow soil, yellow ochre, loess, hades
おうなつsealing (document)
おうねんformer, one-time, years ago
おうひqueen
おうふうEuropean style, Occidental
おうふくround trip, coming and going, return ticket
おうぶんEuropean language, foreign text
おうべいしょげんごthe languages of Europe and America
おうべいしょこくthe various countries of Europe and America
おうぼsubscription, application
おうぼうviolence, oppression, high-handedness, tyranny, despotism
おうぼしゃapplicant
おうようapplication, put to practical use
おうよう, おおようlargehearted, generous
おうらいcoming and going, road, correspondence, street traffic, highway
おうりょうusurpation, embezzlement, misappropriation
おうろoutward journey
レンズおうレンズconcave lens
えるおえるfinish
おおあざlarger section (of a village)
おおあなlarge hole; great deficit, heavy losses; big and unexpected winnings, a killing (e.g. on a race); dark horse (horse racing)
おおあめheavy rain
おおあらしraging storm
おおあわてgreat excitement
おおいmantle, cover, shroud, hood
いかくすおおいかくすto mask, to cover
いかぶさるおおいかぶさるto hang over, to cover
おおいちょうまげginkgo-leaf top-knot worn by makuuchi and juryo division sumo wrestlers
いにおおいにvery, much, greatly, a lot of
おおうto cover, to hide, to conceal, to wrap, to disguise
おおえだlarge branch
おおおじgranduncle
おおおばgrandaunt, great-aunt
おおかわ, たいがriver, stream
おおがたlarge, large scale, big, jumbo
おおがねlarge hanging bell
きいおおきいbig
きなおおきなbig (na-adj)
きなおおきないえa large house
おおぎょうexaggeration
おおくらMinistry of Finance
おおくらしょう(former) Ministry of Finance (succeeded by zaimushou in 2000)
おおくろむくどりもどき, オオクロムクドリモドキcommon grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
おおぐちlarge amount, big mouth, tall talk
おおげさgrandiose, exaggerated
おおこえをだすto raise one''s voice, to shout
おおごえloud voice
おおごしょleading or influential figure
おおさきOsaki: neighbourhood in Tokyo
おおさわぎclamour, uproar, tumult
おおざっぱrough (as in not precise), broad, sketchy
おおざと, おおざるkanji "large village" radical
ぎるおおすぎるtoo many
おおすじoutline, summary
おおずもうprofessional sumo wrestling
おおせstatement, command, wishes (of a superior)
せつかるおおせつかるto receive a command, to be appointed, to be ordered
せつけるおおせつけるto command, to request, to appoint
せられるおおせられるto say, to state
おおぜいgreat number of people (n)
おおぜいのgreat number of
おおそうじmajor cleanup, spring cleaning
おおだい(stock) 100-yen unit, high level (of stock prices)
おおだいこlarge or bass drum
おおだんなmaster, head of household, man of the house, principal supporter of a temple
おおづめfinal scene, the end, finale
おおて, おおでfront castle gate; both arms open, outstretched arms; major companies
おおとりlarge bird; kun (in Chinese mythology, giant bird said to be able to turn into a fish); fenghuang (Chinese phoenix)
おおどうりmain road
おおのlarge field
おおはばfull width, large scale, drastic
おおはやぶさgerfalcon
おおみずなぎどり, オオミズナギドリstreaked shearwater (species of seabird, Calonectris leucomelas)
おおむかしgreat antiquity, old-fashioned, long ago
おおむぎbarley (Hordeum vulgare)
おおやlandlord
おおゆきheavy snow(fall)
おおよそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
おおよろこびgreat joy
おおるり, オオルリblue-and-white flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana)
われおおわれcover (e.g. of snow, trees, etc.)
おお・い、たmany, much
おお・きい、だいbig, a lot
おかhill
さんおかあさんmother
おかえしreturn gift, return favour (favor); revenge; change (in a cash transaction)
おかしconfections, sweets, candy
しいおかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
おかすto brave, to risk, to face, to venture, to desecrate, to profane
おかねmoney
おかぶone''s forte
おかめplain-looking woman
わりおかわりanother [a second] helping; a refill; another cup
おかんchill
おがむto worship; to beg, to make a supplication; to see (something or someone of high status, in modern Japanese sometimes sarcastic)
おがわa brook, a stream
おきopen sea
おきあいcoast, offing, offshore
おきあがりこぼしtumbler, self-righting toy
おきがさspare umbrella kept (at work) in the event of a sudden shower
おきざりdesertion, leaving behind or in the lurch
おきながいlantern shell
おきなのめんold man''s mask
おきなわOkinawa (one of the Japanese Ryukyu islands)
おきなわかいはつちょうちょうかんDirector General of Okinawa Development Agency
おきばplace where something is put
きるおきるget up, wake up
れるおきわすれるto leave behind, to misplace, to forget
おくto give up, to except
おくえん100,000,000 yen
おくがいoutdoors, alfresco
おくさまwife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
さんおくさんwife; married woman
さんおくさんこうこうdevoted to one''s wife
おくじょうa rooftop, a housetop
おくせつhypothesis, speculation, surmise
おくそくguess, speculation, supposition
おくそこthe depth; the bottom
おくちょうthe people, multitude, masses
おくねんsomething one always remembers
おくのてleft hand, upper hand, secret skills, secret, mystery, last resort, trump card
おくばmolar (tooth)
おくびょうcowardice, timidity
おくふかい, おくぶかいprofound, deep
まっておくまってsecluded, innermost
まるおくまるextend far back; lie deep within
おくまんmillions and millions
おくやまremote mountain, mountain recesses
おくゆきdepth, length
おくら, オクラshelving (a play, movie, etc.), closing down, cancelling, canceling, the shelf; rice storehouse of the Edo shogunate
らせるおくらせるto put something off
おくりseeing off, sending off; funeral; escapement
おくりがなkana suffixed to a kanji to show its reading
おくりじょうinvoice
けるおくりとどけるto send to, to deliver, to escort (a person) home
おくりぬしsender (of a present)
おくりものpresent, gift
おくるto send, to give to, to award to, to confer on
おくれdelay, lag, postponement, falling behind
れるおくれるto be late
ションおくション(luxury) apartment
けるおけるin, at
おこす(v5s) to raise, to cause, to wake someone (io)
おこぜstingfish, scorpion fish, stonefish
らずにおこたらずにcarefully
おこたりnegligence, carelessness
りなくおこたりなくdiligently
おこたるto neglect, to be off guard, to be feeling better
こったおこったかおan angry face, a severe face
おこなうto carry out
烏滸のおこのさたstupidity, absurdity, presumption, impertinence
おこぼれleavings, leftovers
おこもbeggar
らせるおこらせる, いからせるto anger someone, to provoke, to offend someone, to make somebody''s hackles rise; to square one''s shoulders
こるおこるto happen, to occur, to take place
おこる, いかるto get angry, to get mad; to tell someone off, to scold; to be angular, to be square
おさえweight (e.g. paperweight), rear guard, control, check, pressure
におさきにしつれいしますpardon me (for leaving)
おさけalcohol, sake (rice wine) (n)
おさないvery young, childish (adj)
おさない, いとけないvery young; childish, immature
なじみおさななじみchildhood friend, friend from infancy, old playmate
めるおさめるto obtain, to reap, to pay, to supply, to accept
おさらplate, dish (n)
おしpush, pressure, authority, audacity
しいおしいregrettable, disappointing, precious (adj)
おしいりbreaking into, burglar
おしいるto push in
おしいれcloset (n)
えるおしえるto teach, to inform, to instruct
しくもおしくもto one''s regret (chagrin), regrettably
しげもなくおしげもなくfreely, generously, liberally, ungrudgingly
おしだしpushing something out, presence; appearance; run walked in (baseball); pushing one''s opponent out by pressing one''s hands up against them (sumo)
しつぶすおしつぶすto squash, to crush, to flatten
おしぼりwet towel (supplied at table), hot, moistened hand towel
しまないおしまないwithout sparing (effort, funds, etc.)
しみおしみなくwithout stint, freely
しむおしむto be frugal, to be sparing; to value, to hold dear; to regret (e.g. a loss), to feel sorry (for); to be unwilling, to be reluctant
しむべきおしむべきlamentable, regrettable
おしゃくpouring alcohol; person pouring alcohol for guests or customers (typically a woman); (apprentice) geisha, dancing girl
おしょくcorruption
おじuncle (younger than one''s parent) (n)
鹿おじか, おしか, おかbuck (male deer)
おじきuncle (younger than one''s parent)
おじぎbow (n,vs)
じけおじけfear, dread, fright, willies
さんおじさんmiddle-aged gentleman, uncle (n)
おじょう(someone else''s) daughter
さまおじょうさま(term of respect for) another''s daughter, daughter of a high-class family
さんおじょうさんdaughter; young lady
おじょくdisgrace, humiliation, insult
じるおじるto be scared
/・さんおじ・さんuncle, middle aged man (n)
おすmale (animal)
おすいfilthy water, sewage
オスおすざる, オスざるmale monkey
おすすめrecommendation, advice, suggestion, encouragement
ましおすましprim and proper girl
おすみつきhandwriting, autograph, authorization, authorisation; certificate, certified document, paper with signature of the shogun or lord
おせんpollution, contamination (n)
おそ, つわりmorning sickness
おそいlate, slow
おそうto attack, to assail, to make an assault, to strike, to hunt down; to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.); to make a sudden visit
かりしおそかりしゆらのすけto let a chance to do something slip through one''s fingers
おそざきlate flower, late blooming
おそまきsowing late, lateness
らくおそらくperhaps, likely, probably, I dare say
おそるto fear, to be afraid
おそれfear, horror, anxiety, concern, uneasiness
れるおそれるto fear, to be afraid of
ろしいおそろしいterrible, dreadful
わるおそわるto be taught (v5r)
おたがいmutual, reciprocal, each other (n)
おたきcascade
おたくone''s house
たけびおたけび, おさけびwar cry, roar
おたずねものwanted man, person sought by the police
おたふくmoon-faced woman, homely woman
おめでとうございますおたんじょうびおめでとうございますHappy Birthday
おだくpollution, contamination, corruption, graft
やかおだやかcalm, gentle, quiet (adj-na,n)
おちslip, omission; outcome, final result, the end; punch line (of a joke)
おちあゆsweetfish going downstream to spawn
おちいるto fall, to trap, to cave in, to collapse
ち込むおちこむto feel down (sad); to be in a slump (e.g. business, economy), to be in an unfavourable condition; to fall into (e.g. a hole)
いたおちついたquiet, calm, composed
おちつくto calm down, to settle down (v5k)
おちば, らくようfallen leaves, leaf litter, defoliation, shedding leaves
おちぼひろいact of picking up crop left after harvesting, name of painting by Millet
おちゃtea
おちょこsmall cup, sake cup; cup-shaped
ちるおちるto fall down, to drop; to fail (e.g. exam); to crash, to degenerate, to degrade; to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
けるおっかけるto chase, to run after, to pursue
おっくう, おくこうtroublesome, annoying
おっとone''s husband
おつto fall down, to drop; to fail (e.g. exam); to crash, to degenerate, to degrade
れさまおつかれさまthank you, many thanks, much appreciated; that''s enough for today
おつじゅんsecond-class cruiser
おつなあじstrange taste, spicy taste
おつまみsnacks to go with alcohol
おてあらいfont of purifying water placed at entrance of shrine
いさんおてつだいさんmaid (n)
おてんstain, blot, flaw, disgrace
おでいdirty mud
おでこbrow, forehead
おとa sound; a noise; din
さんおとうさんfather
おとうとone''s younger brother
さんおとうとさん(someone else''s) younger brother
おとぎattending (upon), keeping another company
おとぎぞうしfairy-tale book
おとこman
おとこのこa boy
おとこのひとman
おとごlast child
おとさたnews, letter
としおとしあなpitfall, trap, pit
れるおとしいれるto trick someone into (committing a crime, etc.), to hatch a plan and deceive someone; to assault (a castle, etc.); to drop something and have it fall into something
おとしだねnobleman''s illegitimate child
おとしだまNew Year''s gift
おとしものlost property (n)
おとすto drop, to lose (u-v)
おとずれvisit, call, advent, arrival
おとといthe day before yesterday
おとなan adult
おとめごころgirl''s feeling, maiden''s mind
おとめざ(constellation) Virgo, the Virgin
らずおとらずwith the best of them, as the next fellow
おとるto fall behind, to be inferior to (v5r)
おとろえweakening, emaciation, decline
えるおとろえるto become weak, to decline, to wear, to abate, to decay, to wither, to waste away
かしおどかしthreat
かすおどかすto threaten, to menace; to startle, to surprise
おどけ(a) pleasantry, joke, attempt at humor
けるおどける, たわけるto jest, to joke, to play the fool, to act indecently, to be silly over, to talk foolishly
おどしthreat
しつけるおどしつけるto threaten, to terrify, to frighten
おどすto threaten, to menace
らされるおどらされるto be manipulated (lit: to be made to dance)
らすおどらすto manipulate; to let one dance
おどりleaping, jumping, spring, exciting
がるおどりあがるto spring up, to leap to one''s feet, to jump up and down
おどりくるうto dance in ecstasy
おどりこdancer
おどりばdance hall, dance floor; landing (stairs); leveling off (e.g. in the economy), period of stagnation, cooling-off period, lull
おどるto jump, to leap; to pound (of one''s heart, i.e. with excitement), to throb; to be messily written
かされるおどろかされるto be surprised
かすおどろかすto surprise, to frighten, to create a stir (v5s)
おどろきsurprise, astonishment, wonder
おどろくto be surprised, to be astonished (u-v)
くべきおどろくべきastonishing, amazing, surprising, wonderful
おなかstomach (n)
おなじond and the same, the same, identical, alike
おなじひとthe same person
じようおなじようにin the same way, likewise, similarly
おにdemon; ogre
さんおにいさんan elder brother
ごっこおにごっこgame of tag
おね(mountain) ridge, spur
さんおねえさんan elder sister
ギャルおねえギャルfashion style characterized by brown hair and deep-tanned skin, expensive brand-name clothes and accessories
いしおねがいします“please”
おのおのeach, every, either, respectively, severally
おのおの, それぞれeach, every, either, respectively, severally
おのれoneself (itself, etc.); I (or me); you; by oneself (itself, etc.); interjection expressing anger or chagrin
おのれのほっせざるところひとにほどこすことなかれdon''t do unto others what you would not have done unto you
おはぎrice ball coated with sweetened red beans, soybean flour or sesame
おはちcontainer for boiled rice
おば(hum) aunt (older than one''s parent) (n)
さんおばあさんgrandmother; female senior-citizen
ちゃんおばあちゃんgranny, grandma, gran, female senior-citizen (familiar form of address)
さんおばさん(1) aunt, (2) middle-aged lady (n)
おばなmale flower
はるおばはるto shamelessly demand one''s rights
おばんold maid, frump, hag
おひたしvegetable side dish
おひつじram
おひつじざ(constellation) Aries, the Ram
おひるlunch, noon
おひろめdebut
えるおびえるto become frightened, to be frightened (of), to be scared (of)
やかすおびやかすto intimidate, to scare; to jeopardize, to endanger, to imperil
びるおびるto wear (sword, decoration, etc.), to carry; to be entrusted (e.g. with a mission), to take on; to have a trace of, to be tinged with
おふろa bath
おふろにはいるto take a bath
おぶつdirt, dust, garbage
おべんとうboxed lunch (n)
おぼえmemory; sense; experience
おぼえがきmemo, memorandum, note, memorial, protocol
えるおぼえるto remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise; to feel
っちゃんおぼっちゃんson (of others); young master; green young man from a well-to-do family
おぼろこんぶshredded tangle or kelp
おぼんO-Bon, Bon Festival, Lantern Festival, Festival of the Dead
おまえ, おまい, おめえyou (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior); presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
さんおまごさんgrandchild
おまつりfestival
おまつりさわぎfestival merrymaking, revelry
おみ, しんretainer, attendant; Omi (hereditary title; orig. one of the two highest such titles, later demoted to sixth highest of eight); I (used by a servant when speaking to his master), me
おみまいcalling on someone who is ill, enquiry (n)
おみやげsouvenir (n)
おめいstigma, dishonour, dishonor, infamy
おめしsummoning, calling, riding, wearing, dressing, clothing; (high-quality) silk crepe (fabric)
おめしものclothing
おもいthought, mind, heart, feelings, emotion, sentiment, love, affection, desire, wish, hope, expectation, imagination, experience
っておもいきってresolutely, boldly, daringly
い込むおもいこむto be under impression that, to be convinced that
おもいだすto recollect, remember
おもいつくto think of, to hit upon (v5k)
おもいなやむto worry
いやりおもいやりconsideration, sympathy
おもうthink
うにおもうにpresumably, conceivably, in my opinion, in my view, I think (that), upon thought, upon reflection
おもかげface, looks, vestiges, trace
おもさweight
おもしろamusing, interesting
おもしろいinteresting
たいおもたいheavy, massive, serious (adj)
おもてthe front, surface, exterior (n,n-suf)
おもてかんばんsign out in front, front (for someone)
おもにmainly, primarily (adv)
おもに, じゅうかload, heavy burden, encumbrance, heavy freight, heavy responsibility
おもねるto flatter
おもみimportance, weight, dignity, emphasis
おもむきmeaning, tenor, gist; effect, influence; appearance, aspect; taste; grace, charm, refinement
のあるおもむきのあるzestful, tasteful, elegant
おもむくto go, to proceed, to repair to, to become
ろにおもむろにslowly, gently
らしおもらしpeeing
おもわくexpectation, prediction, forecast; anticipation, speculation
わずおもわずunintentional, spontaneous (adv)
おもんぱかるto consider
おやparents (n)
おやかたmaster; coach in professional sumo
おやこ, しんしparent and child
おやこうこうfilial piety
おやじおやじがりstreet violence against middle-aged men
おやにparent and child, parents and their children
おやゆびthe thumb
およぎswimming
およぐto swim
げるようになるおよげるようになるto learn how to swim
およそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
およびand, as well as
およびごしbent back, indecisive attitude
ぼすおよぼすto exert, to cause, to exercise (v5s)
さんおよめさんbride
おらんだ, オランダHolland, The Netherlands
おりweave, weaving, woven item
おりあいmutual relations, compromise
からおりから, おりがらjust then, at that time, right then, at that moment; appropriate moment
おりがみorigami (paper folding)
り込むおりこむto weave into, to interweave, to be incorporated in
おりたたみつくえfolding desk
おりづるfolded paper crane
りにれておりにふれてoccasionally, on opportunity
おりものtextile, fabric
りるおりるto alight (eg from bus), to get off (ru-v)
おるto weave
おれyou
おれ, だいこう, ないこう(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
おれいthanking, expression of gratitude (n)
れるおれるto break, to be folded, to give in, to turn
おろかfoolish, stupid
かしいおろかしいfoolish, stupid
おろしwholesale
おろしうりwholesale
おろしうりしじょうwholesale market
おろしうりぶっかwholesale price
おろししょうwholesaler, wholesale dealer
おろしどんやwholesaler
おろしねwholesale price
おろしポンおろしポンずponzu mixed with grated daikon
ろすおろすto abort (an embryo or fetus) (negative nuance)
おろそか, おろかneglect, negligence, carelessness; not to mention, needless to say, not to speak of
おわりthe end (n)
おわりねclosing price (stock exchange, etc.)
おわるto finish, to close (u-v)
おんfavour, obligation, debt of gratitude (n)
おんいんvocal sound, phoneme
おんがgraceful, affable
おんがえしrequital of a favour (favor), repayment (of an obligation, kindness, etc.)
おんがくmusic
おんきゅうpension
おんきょうsound, noise, echo, acoustic(s)
おんぎobligation, favour, favor, debt of gratitude
おんけいgrace, favor, blessing, benefit (n)
おんけんquiet, dependable, uniform, (politically) moderate
おんこfavour, favor, patronage
おんこうgentle
おんしImperial gift
おんしつgreenhouse (n)
おんしゃamnesty, pardon
おんしょうhotbed, breeding ground
おんじんbenefactor, patron
おんせい, おんじょうvoice, (the concept of) sound
おんせんorgan stop
おんせんきょうhot-spring village, spa
おんぞうしson of a distinguished family, son of a noble
おんぞんpreserve, retain
おんたいtemperate zone (n)
おんたく, おんだくfavour, favor, benefit
おんだんwarmth (adj-na,n)
おんちtone-deafness, amusia, having no ear for music; tone-deaf, off-key; having no sense (of something), being hopeless (when it comes to something)
おんちゅうand Company, Messrs. (n)
おんてんfavour, favor, act of grace, special privilege
おんとうproper, reasonable, right
おんどworkmen''s songs, marching songs
おんな、めwoman, female
おんなかぶきgirls'' kabuki
おんなざかthe easier of two slopes
おんなのこa girl
おんなのひとa woman
便おんびんgentle, peaceable, quiet
おんみつprivacy, secrecy, spy, detective
おんよみChinese-derived reading
fruit; counter for fruit
か, カcounter for the ichi-ni-san counting system (usu. directly preceding the item being counted), a noun read using its on-yomi
かいstories, storeys; counter for storeys and floors of a building
かいあげbuying, purchasing
かいいbrawny, muscular, impressive, gigantic
かいいきarea of ocean
かいいぬpet dog
かいいんcarrying off by deception, kidnap
簿かいいんめいぼmembership list
かいかblooming
かいかいopening of a meeting (n)
かいかいしきopening ceremony
するかいかいするto open a meeting
かいかくreform, reformation, innovation
からかいからa shell
かいかんa hall, an assembly hall
かいが
かいがいoverseas
しいかいがいしいgallant, heroic, brave
がらかいがらshell
かいがんcoast
かいがんせんcoastline, coastal railway
かいきtotal eclipse, totality
かいきしょくtotal eclipse (of sun by moon), totality
かいきにっしょくtotal solar eclipse
かいきゅうclass, rank, grade
かいきょbrilliant achievement
かいきょうchannel (e.g. between two land masses), strait
かいきんlifting a ban
シャツかいきんシャツopen-collared shirt
かいぎdoubt, skepticism, scepticism, disbelief
かいぎしつmeeting room
かいぐん
かいけいa bill, a check, accounting, accounts
かいけつman of extraordinary talent, wonder man
かいけんconstitutional change
かいげんれいmartial law
かいこdischarge, dismissal
かいこ, カイコsilkworm (Bombyx Mori)
かいこうopen port, opening a port
かいこくadmonition
かいこしゃperson who has been laid off
かいころくmemoirs, reminiscences
かいこんcultivating new land
かいこんちcultivated land
かいごrepentance
かいごうmeeting, assembly (n)
かいさいholding a meeting, open an exhibition
かいさいをさけぶto shout with exultation, to shout for joy
かいさつexamination of tickets (n,vs)
かいさんbreakup, dissolution (n,vs)
かいざいmediation, interposition, intervention
かいしa start, a beginning, the onset
かいしめbuying up of goods, cornering (market)
めるかいしめるto buy up
かいしゃa company
かいしゃいんa company employee
かいしゃくexplanation, interpretation (n,vs)
かいしゃこうせいほうCorporate Rehabilitation Law
かいしゃにんげんemployee (corporate)
かいしゅabducting (legal term)
かいしゅうrepair, improvement
かいしょうcancellation, liquidation, resolution, reduction (e.g. of stress)
かいしんcaution, discretion
かいじdisclosure (legal)
かいじゅうconciliation
かいじょcancellation, rescinding, release, calling off, lifting (sanctions), delisting
かいじょう(by, at, on) sea, maritime, marine
かいじょうじえいたいMaritime Self Defense Forces (Defence)
かいじんmysterious person
かいすいsea water
かいすいよくsea bathing, seawater bath (n)
かいすいよくじょうswimming area (in the ocean), swimming beach, seawater baths
かいすうnumber of times, frequency (n)
かいすうけんbook of tickets (n)
するかいするto use as an intermediary, to mediate, to assist; to worry, to mind, to care
かいずか, かいづかshell heap, shell mound, kitchen midden
かいせいchanging one''s family name
かいせきanalysis, analytical study; parsing, parse
かいせきせいanalyticity (physics)
かいせきりょうりtea-ceremony dishes; traditional Japanese meal brought in courses
かいせつestablishment, opening
かいせんre-election
かいぜんbetterment, improvement (n,vs)
かいそ(sect) founder, apostle, originator, inventor
かいそうclass, level, stratum, layer, hierarchy
かいそくhigh speed, celerity, mobility, express (train that bypasses many stations)
かいぞう(1) remodeling, (2) modding (comp) (n,vs)
かいぞくpirate, sea robber
の髑髏かいぞくのどくろskull and crossbones (pirate flag), Jolly Roger
かいぞくばんpirated edition, bootleg
かいたいabsconding with money
かいたくreclamation (of wasteland), cultivation; pioneering, pathfinding, trail-blazing
かいたくしゃpioneer, settler, colonist
かいだく
かいだんghost story
かいちくstructural alteration of building, reconstruction
かいちゅうreminting, recasting
かいちゅうでんとうelectric torch, flashlight
かいちゅうとけい, かいちゅうどけいpocket watch
調かいちょうharmony, excellent condition
かいつうopening, open (n,vs)
かいつけbuying, purchasing
かいてbuyer
かいていcourt session, trial
かいていばんrevised edition
かいてきpleasant, agreeable, comfortable (adj-na,n)
かいてんturning, (a) revolution, (a) rotation, (a) spin
するかいてんするto open a store
かいてんとびらrevolving door
かいとうthaw, defrosting; decompression (e.g. of a file), unpacking, extracting
かいとりpurchase, sale (transaction)
かいどうhighway (esp. one existing from the Edo period), main road
かいなしworthless, useless, hopeless
いならしかいならしtaming, the taming of
いならすかいならすto tame (e.g. animal), to domesticate
かいにゅうintervention
かいにんpregnancy, conception
かいぬしshepherd, (pet) owner
かいねこpet cat
かいはつdevelopment, exploitment (of resources)
かいひopening a door
かいひょうcounting ballots
かいひんseaside
かいびかえrestrained buying
かいふくrecovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation
かいぶつmonster
かいぶんしょobjectionable literature
かいへいopening and shutting
かいへいたいMarine Corps, Royal Marines
かいへんreorganization, reorganisation
かいほうopen, throw open, liberalization (n,vs)
かいほうにおもむくto improve, to get better, to convalesce
かいぼうdissection, autopsy; analysis
かいぼうがくanatomy
かいぼうがくしゃanatomist
かいまくraising the curtain
かいまみるto take a peep at, to catch a glimpse of
かいみょうposthumous Buddhist name
かいむnonexistent, nil, none
かいめいclarification, elucidation, explication
かいめつdestruction, annihilation, devastation, catastrophe
かいもくentirely, (not) at all
かいもどしrepurchase, redemption
かいもどすto buy back, to redeem
かいものshopping (noun)
かいものぶくろmorning newspaper
かいやくcancellation of contract
かいようocean (n)
かいらんcirculation
かいりつ(religious) precept, discipline, commandment, mitzvah
かいりょうimprovement, reform
かいるいshellfish
かいれい(submarine) ridge
かいろcircuit (electric)
かいろうcorridor, gallery, hallway, cloister (i.e. covered walk typically circling a building or garden, esp. in a palace or place of worship)
かいわconversation
かいんsection staff
ボタンかいボタンmother-of-pearl button
かうto keep, to raise, to feed (v5u)
かえchange, alteration, substitute
かえすto return something (u-v,vt)
かえだまsubstitute, double; second serving (ball) of noodles (to add to previously purchased ramen)
ってかえってon the contrary, rather, all the more, instead
かえでmaple (tree) (Acer spp.)
かえでとうmaple sugar
かえりcoming home, the return
かえりざきcomeback (e.g. in business), second bloom, reflowering, reflorescence
みるかえりみるto look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past), to turn around, to review; to reflect, to reconsider; to consider (usu. used in negative), to concern oneself about
えるかえるto exchange money
かえんflame, blaze
かえんびんMolotov cocktail
かおone''s face, one''s looks, a look
わせかおあわせmeeting together, introduction
かおいろcomplexion
かおがひろいknow a lot of people, be widely known
かおくhouse, building (n)
かおつきfeatures
ぶれかおぶれpersonnel, member; announcement of next day''s match-ups (sumo)
かおみしりacquaintance
かおりaroma, fragrance, scent, smell
かおるto smell sweet, to be fragrant
かかえarmful; employee
え込むかかえこむto hold (carry) a thing in one''s arm, to embrace (a baby), to take upon oneself
えるかかえるto hold or carry under or in the arms; to have (esp. problems, debts, etc.); to employ, to engage, to hire
かかくprice, value, cost (n)
げるかかげるto publish, to print, to carry (an article); to put up, to hang out, to hoist, to fly (a sail), to float (a flag), to tout; to set forth (provision)
かすかかすto miss (doing), to fail (to do)
かかりofficial, duty, person in charge (n)
かかりいんofficial (e.g. customs), clerk in charge
かかりかんofficial in charge
かかりちょうchief clerk
わらずかかわらずin spite of, regardless of
わるかかわるto concern oneself in, to have to do with
かかんresolute, determined, bold
かがいevil, harm, mischief
かがくchemistry, science
かがくぎじゅつちょうScience and Technology Agency
かがくしゃscientist
かがくせんいsynthetic fibers, synthetic fibres
かがくひりょうchemical fertilizer, chemical fertiliser
かがくへいきchemical weapons
かがくりょうほうchemotherapy
かがみmodel, pattern
かしいかがやかしいbrilliant, glorious, glittering
かすかがやかすto light up, to brighten
かがやきradiance
耀かがやくto shine, to glitter, to sparkle
かきfirearms, guns
かきかたhow to write
かききゅうかsummer vacation
かきとめwriting down, putting on record, recording
かきとりdictation (n)
かきねhedge (n)
かきものづくえwriting desk
かきゃくgood visitor
かきゅうlower grade, low class, junior (officer)
かきゅうてきas ... as possible
かきょうoverseas Chinese merchants
かきょくmelody, tune, song
かぎかぎなわninja rope with grappling hook
かぎかぎばりhook, crochet needle
かぎゃくcausing pain
かぎょうtrade, business, commerce, occupation
かぎりlimit(s), bounds; degree, extent, scope; as far as possible, as much as possible, to the best of one''s ability; unless (after neg. verb); the end, the last
かぎるto restrict, to limit, to confine
かくstroke (of a kanji, etc.)
かくいeveryone, ladies and gentlemen; attention media representatives (e.g. heading on a press release)
かくいんeach one
かくうaerial, overhead, fiction, fanciful
かくえきevery station
かくかく, かっかくbrilliant, bright, glorious
かくかぞくnuclear family
かくぎcabinet meeting
かくげつevery second month, every other month
かくごresolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
かくさqualitative difference, disparity
かくさんnucleic acid
かくしつdiscord, antagonism
かくしひきだしsecret withdrawal
かくしゅlooking forward to
かくしゅうevery other week
かくしゅがっこうvocational school
かくしんreform, innovation
かくじindividual, each
かくじっけんnuclear (bomb) test
かくじつcertainty, reliability, soundness
かくじゅうexpansion
かくじんnuclear bonding, nuclear force
かくすto hide, to conceal
かくせいきmegaphone, bullhorn, loudhailer
せいかくせいざいstimulant
たるかくたるしょうこcertain (definite) evidence
かくだいmagnification, enlargement, expansion
かくだいきんこうan expanded or expanding equilibrium
かくだんとうnuclear warhead
かくちくcompetition, vieing with
かくちょうexpansion, extension, enlargement, escape, ESC
かくていdecision, settlement; definition
かくとうhand-to-hand fighting, grappling, scuffling
かくとくacquisition, possession
かくどangle
かくない(inside the) Cabinet
かくにんaffirmation, confirmation, validation
かくねんbiannually, every second year, every other year
かくねんりょうatomic fuel
かくのうstorage, housing for equipment and machines; putting into computer memory
かくのかさnuclear umbrella
かくはんeach clan
かくぶそうnuclear arms
かくぶんれつnuclear fission; karyokinesis (division of a cell nucleus during mitosis or meiosis)
かくへいきnuclear weapons
かくへきbarrier wall
かくほguarantee, maintain, ensure, insure, secure, reservation
かくまうto shelter, to shield, to hide
かくまくcornea
かくめんall phases
かくゆういろんtheory of comparative advantage
かくゆうごうnuclear fusion
かくりisolation, segregation, separation, quarantine
かくりつestablishment
かくりょうcabinet ministers
レベルかくりょうレベルcabinet-level
かくりんthe end of things (esp. used for one''s last writings); one''s dying hour (esp. used for the death of Confucius)
かくれがhiding place, refuge
かくれくまのみOcellaris clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris)
れるかくれるto hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
シェルフかくシェルフeach shelf, shelves (in practice, practise)
かぐfurniture
かぐらancient Shinto music and dancing
しいかぐわしいsweet-smelling, scentful, fragrant
かけcredit; partially, half
かけいstem of flower
簿かけいぼhousehold account book
け込みかけこみlast-minute rush, stampede
かけごえyell used to time or encourage activity (e.g. "Heave ho!", "On three ... One, two, three!" in English), enthusiastic shout from the audience (e.g. in kabuki), shouting (in concerts)
かけじくhanging scroll
かけすて, かけずてfailing to honor (honour) an installment payment (instalment)
かけつapproval, adoption (e.g. motion, bill), passage
かけつけさんばいthree cups of sake which latecomers to a party are made to drink
けつけるかけつけるto run to, to come running, to rush (someplace), to hasten
れるかけはなれるto be very far apart from, to be remote, to be quite different from
かけひきbargaining, haggling; tactics, strategy
けるかけるto run (race, esp. horse), to dash; to gallop (one''s horse), to canter; to advance (against one''s enemy)
かげshadow, silhouette; reflection, image; presence, sign; light (stars, moon)
かげえshadow picture
かげきextreme, radical
かげぐちmalicious gossip, backbiting, speaking ill behind someone''s back
かげつ(number of) months
かげのないかくshadow cabinet
かげべんけいlion at home but weakling elsewhere
かげりshadow or cloud (e.g. on someone''s happiness), shade, gloom
かげんsource of misfortune
かげんていこうきrheostat
かこpast
かこいenclosure, paling, storage
稿かこうmanuscript of poem
かこうこcrater lake
貿かこうぼうえきprocessing trade
かこくrigour, rigor, severity, cruelty, harsh
かこみenclosure, box, column, siege
かこむto surround, to encircle
かこんroot of evil
かごmistake, fault
鹿かごしまけんKagoshima prefecture (Kyuushuu)
かさbulk, volume, quantity
かさあげraising, padding or inflation (of a bill)
かさいconflagration, fire
かさいほけんfire insurance
かさいりゅうpyroclastic flow (type of volcanic eruption), stone wind
かさくlow production
かさだかbulky, unwieldy, high-handed
かさねlayers of clothing worn under one''s overcoat; combination of colors created by layering of garments (colours)
ねるかさねるto pile/heap up
かさばるto be bulky, to be unwieldy, to grow voluminous
かさむto pile up, to increase
かさやumbrella shop
かざかみ(the) windward (side)
かざけ, かぜけslight cold
かざりdecoration
かざりつけdecoration, arrangement
かざるto decorate, to ornament, to adorn (u-v)
かざんa volcano
かざんばいvolcanic ash
かざんばいどじょうvolcanic ash soil
かしloan, lending
かしかりlending and borrowing
かしきりのreserved
かしきんloan
かしこ, かしくyours sincerely (used to sign off on letters), respectfully yours
かしこいwise, clever, smart
かしこどころ, けんしょa palace sanctuary
しまかしこまりました“certainly sir/madam”
かしだしlending, loaning
かしだしようcirculation or lending (e.g. library books)
かしつerror, blunder, accident; fault, defect
かしつけloan
かしつちしinvoluntary manslaughter, accidental homicide, negligent homicide
かしほんやa loan library
かしゃfreight car, van
かしやconfectionery shop
かしゅgood taste, good impression
かしゅうanthology, book of poetry
かしょpassage, place, point, part
かしょうsong, singing
かしらもじan initial letter, a capital
かしんvassal, retainer
パンかしパンsweetened bun
かじa fire
かじ, たんや, かぬちsmithing, blacksmith
鹿かじかkajika frog (Buergeria buergeri)
かじつfruit, nut, berry
かじやsmith, blacksmith
かじゅfruit tree
かじゅうfruit juice
かじゅく(historical) government-backed school operated by a scholar out of his home
かじゅさいばいfruit growing, pomiculture
かじょうexcess, over-
かじょうりえきexcess profit
かじん(Japanese) poet
かすto lend, to advance (money), to rent (out)
かすいspike
かすかfaint, dim, weak, indistinct, hazy, poor, wretched
かすかすじるsoup made with sake lees
かすみmist, haze; dimness (of sight)
かすみがせきarea in Tokyo; Japanese government departments (euph)
かすみそうbaby''s-breath
かすむto grow hazy, to be misty; to get blurry; to be overshadowed
するかするto impose
かずおおくin great numbers
かせいMars (planet)
かせいがんigneous rock
かせいふhousekeeper, maid
かせきa fossil
かせぎearnings
かせぐto earn income, to labor, to labour
げるかせげるto work, to earn income
かせつconstruction, building
かせんrivers
かせんしき, かせんじき(dry) riverbed
かぜ(a) cold, the common cold
かぜいtaxation
かぜぐすり, かざぐすりremedy for a cold, cold medicine
かぜをひくto catch a cold, to get a cold
かぜんがんvolcanic rock
かそdepopulation
かそうcremation
かそうきおくvirtual memory, virtual storage
かそくacceleration, speed up; accelerator
かそけしfaint, fleeting
かそざいplasticizer, plasticiser
かそせいplasticity
かそぶっしつplastics
かそぶつplastics
かぞくa family
かぞくけいかくfamily planning
かぞくてきなふんいきfamily atmosphere
かたshoulder
かたあしone leg, one-legged
//かたいsolid, hard, firm (adj)
かたいれsupport, backing, patronage
かたうでone arm; right-hand man
かたかなkatakana (n)
かたがきtitle, degree, address (on letter), criminal record
かたがわone side
わりかたがわりshouldering another''s debt
かたきうちvengeance, revenge, retaliation
かたぎhonest, respectable
かたくdomicile, premises
かたくそうさ
かたくそうさく
かたくなobstinate
かたさfirmness, hardness, stiffness, honesty
かしかたすかしdodging, parrying (questions); under-shoulder swing down (sumo)
かたすみcorner, nook
かたすみにin a corner
かたそでづくえ, かたそでつくえdesk with a tier of drawers on one side
たたきかたたたきshoulder massage (performed by tapotement); tap on the shoulder (request to resign)
かたちshape (n)
ずくるかたちずくるform
けるかたづけるto tidy up, to put in order, to put away (ru-v)
かたてone hand
かたな, とう(single-edged) sword, katana; dagger, knife; scalpel
かたなかじswordsmith
かたほうone side, one party, the other side, the other party
まりかたまりlump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster
かたみshoulders
かたみちone-way (trip)
かたむきslope, inclination, list; tendency, trend, bent, disposition, bias; slope (of a linear function)
けるかたむけるto incline, to list, to bend, to lean, to tip, to tilt, to slant, to concentrate on, to ruin (a country), to squander, to empty
かためhardening, defense, defence, fortifying, pledge
めるかためるto harden, to freeze, to fortify
かたやon one hand, on the other hand
かたよりdeviation, inclination, offset, polarization, polarisation, bias, prejudice
かたよるto be one-sided, to incline, to be partial, to be prejudiced, to lean, to be biased, to be biassed
らうかたらうto talk, to tell, to recite, to pledge, to conspire with
かたりtalking
かたるto talk, to tell, to recite
かたわくmold, mould
かたわらside, edge, beside, besides, nearby; while (doing)
らにかたわらにbeside, nearby
をすくめるかたをすくめるto shrug one''s shoulders
かたんsupport, participation, assistance, complicity, conspiracy
かたんせいmalleability
かたんてつmalleable iron
かた・る、かた・らうword, to discuss
かだいsubject, theme, task, challenge, issue
かだんflower bed
かちwin, victory
かちかんvalues
かちくdomestic animals, livestock, cattle
かちこしmore wins than losses (sport)
かちぼし(mark indicating) a win
かちゅうvortex, maelstrom, whirlpool, convulsions, upheaval
かちょうsection manager (n)
かちょうきんcharges (i.e. fees)
かっきょうactivity, briskness, prosperity
かっこfirm, unshakeable, resolute
かっこうdescent (in skiing)
かっこう, カッコウ, カッコーcommon cuckoo (Cuculus canorus)
(のかっこう(の)いいattractive, nice-looking, nicely-shaped
かっさいacclamation
かっしょうきglider, sailplane
かっしょくbrown
かっすto be thirsty, to be dry
かっすいwater shortage
するかっするto be thirsty, to be dry
かっせいactivity
かっせいたんactivated charcoal
かっそうbrown algae, phaeophyceae
かったんbrown coal, lignite
かっとうconflict, complication, troubles, discord
かっぱkappa (mythical water-dwelling creatures); excellent swimmer; cucumber; rolled sushi containing a stick of cucumber
かっぱつvigor, vigour, active, lively
かっぷ, わっぷallotment, quota, payment in installments, payment in instalments, hire-purchase
かつthirst
かつぎcarrier
かつぐto shoulder, to carry on one''s shoulder; to take (someone) for a ride, to deceive, to take in
ごうかつごうadoration, reverence, esteem
かつじprinting type
かつじょうcession (of territory)
かつどうaction, activity (n,vs)
かつどうか(anti-war) activist
かつのみかつうたうto drink and sing at the same time, to drink as well as sing
かつぼうcraving, longing, thirsting
かつぼうしゃdesiring person, luster
かつまたbesides, furthermore, moreover
かつやくactivity (n)
かつら, カツラJapanese Judas tree (Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
かつりょくvitality, energy (n)
かつろかいたくdeveloping a way or means
かてfood, provisions
かていKatei era (1235.9.19-1238.11.23)
かていかhome economics
かていきょうしtutor, coach
かていないdomestic, in the family
かていらんfamily column (newspaper)
みないかていをかえりみないthinking little of one''s family
かでんconsumer electronics
かでんりかBe careful not to invite the least suspicion, Leave no room for scandal
かとうlight case of smallpox
かときtransition period
かとくfamily hardship, inheritance
かとりせんこうmosquito coil, anti-mosquito incense
かどcharge, grounds, suspicion
かどうoperation (of machine), actual work
かどうりつoperating ratio, rate of operation
かどまつNew Year''s pine decoration
かすかどわかすto kidnap
かなhow!, what!, alas!
かなあみwire netting, wire mesh, wire screen
かないone''s wife, a family, one''s people
かなうto come true (wish); to be suited; to match (implies competition), to rival, to bear (e.g. I can''t bear the heat)
えるかなえるto grant (request, wish)
かながわけんKanagawa prefecture (Kantou area)
しいかなしいsad, sorrowful (adj)
しいかなしいかなSad to say, How sad, Alas
かなしばりbinding hand and foot, temporary feeling of paralysis
しみかなしみsadness, sorrow, grief
しむかなしむto be sad, to mourn for, to regret (v5m)
かなた, あなたbeyond, across, the other side, the distance
かなづかいkana orthography, syllabary spelling (n)
かならずcertainly, necessarily, invariably (adv)
ずしもかならずしも(not) always, (not) necessarily, (not) all
かなりconsiderably, fairly, quite
わぬかなわぬときのかみだのみMan turns to God only in his trouble
かにゅうbecoming a member, joining, entry, admission, subscription, affiliation, adherence, signing
かねcarpenter''s square; perpendicularity, straightness; model, standard
かねあいequilibrium, good balance, poise
かねざしcarpenter''s square
かねじゃく, きょくしゃくcarpenter''s square (for checking angles); common shaku (unit of distance; approx. 30.3 cm)
えるかねそなえるto have both, to possess both, to combine with
かねだKaneda: a Japanese surname
かねつsuperheating, overheating
かねもちrich man (n)
お・かねもち/おかねもちrich man (n)
ねるかねるto hold (position), to serve, to be unable
かねんinflammable
かのうaccepting with pleasure
かのうせいchance (likelihood)
かのうせんたくavailable choice
の囁くなかのささやくなこえfaint voice
鹿かのしし, しかにくdeer meat; deer
かのじょshe
かのと, しん8h in rank, eighth sign of the Chinese calendar
かはんriverside
かはんすうmajority (n)
かば, かんば, かにわ, カバbirch (esp. Japanese white birch)
かばいろreddish yellow
かばしらmosquito swarm
かひtanka inscription
かひんgood guest, interesting guest
かびんnervousness, oversensitivity
かびんしょうhypersensitivity
かふsteward
かふ, やもめwidow
かふくweal and woe
かふんpollen
かふんしょうhay fever, pollinosis (allergy to pollen)
かぶshare, stock, stump (of tree) (n)
かぶかstock prices
かぶきkabuki, Japanese classical drama
かぶきじゅうはちばんrepertoire of 18 kabuki plays
かぶけんstock certificate
かぶしきstock (company)
かぶしきがいしゃpublic company, corporation, KK, formula for an incorporated public company
せるかぶせるto cover (with something) (v1)
かぶとhelmet (of armor, armour), headpiece
かぶぬしshareholder, stockholder
かぶるto wear (on the head)
かへいmoney, currency, coinage
かへいかちcurrency value
かへんていこうきrheostat
かべwall (n)
かべかけwall-mounted ornament, wall hanging; wall-mounted, wall ...
かべがみwallpaper; wallpaper, background image, desktop image
かべそしょう, かべぞしょうgrumbling or mumbling to oneself
かべんpetal
かほうoverpraise
かぼくhouseboy, manservant
かまsickle; sickle-and-chain (weapon); type of spear with curved cross-blade(s); gooseneck tenon and mortise joint; noisiness; part of a fish around the gills
かまあしlegs bowed in, sitting with heels spread apart
かまいたちcut caused by whirlwind, folkloric monster
かまうto mind, to care about, to be concerned about
かまがたsickle-shaped, falciform
かまきり, とうろう, いもじり, いいぼむしり, カマキリpraying mantis (esp. the narrow-winged mantis, Tenodera angustipennis)
かまくびgooseneck
かまくらじだいKamakura period (1185-1333 CE)
かまじるしpotter''s mark
かまだしremoving pots from kiln
かまどめcutting grass and trees is prohibited
かまもとpottery
をかけるかまをかけるto trick someone (into confirming or revealing the truth), to ask a leading question
かみhair (on the head)
かみかぜdivine wind
かみがたhair style, coiffure, hairdo
かみくずwastepaper (n)
かみさまgod (n)
かみしばいpicture story show
かみそりrazor (n)
かみだなhousehold Shinto shrine
かみなりthunder (n)
かみのけhair (head) (n)
かみぶくろpaper bag
かみやちょうneighbourhood in Tokyo
かみをきるto cut (a piece of) paper
かみんnap, doze
かめtortoise, turtle
かめいparticipation, affiliation
かめいこくmember-nation, signatory
かめのこyoung turtle (tortoise); turtle (tortoise) shell
かめのてbarnacle
椿かめむし, カメむし, カメムシshield bug, stink bug
かめんmask
レスかめレスreplying to someone''s email after a long delay, slow response
かもがやorchard grass
かもくsilent (person), shy, tacitern, reticent, uncommunicative
かもしだすto engender, to bring about
かもすto brew, to cause, to give rise to, to distill
かもつcargo, freight (n)
かもりょうduck hunting
かもんwhirlpool design
かやmosquito net
かやくgunpowder, powder
かやくしょa ward office
かやばhayfield, field of miscanthus
葺きかやぶきthatching a roof with grass
かようto attend (school, church), to visit often
かようきょく
かようびTuesday
からtrunk, stem, stalk; shaft (of an arrow); handle
からくさarabesque
からくちdry taste (e.g. sake, wine); salty (taste); harsh, scathing
らすからすto let dry, to kill (vegetation) to season (lumber)
からたちtrifoliate orange, golden apple, Poncirus trifoliata
からだa body
からだがよわいto have a weak constitution
からだつきfigure
っぽからっぽempty, vacant, hollow (adj-na,n)
からてkarate; empty handed
からにしきChinese brocade
からびと, とうじんa Chinese, foreigner
からふとししゃも, からふとシシャモcapelin, caplin (Mallotus villosus)
からふとます, カラフトマスpink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), humpback salmon
まりからまりentanglement
まるからまるto be entwined, to be involved
からみlinkage, entanglement, involvement, relationship
からみあうto be(come) intertwined, to be entangled
みつくからみつくto twine oneself around, to coil around
からむto entangle, to entwine; to pick a quarrel; to be involved with
むきからむきshelling (e.g. of eggs, nuts, crabs and such)
めるからめるto arrest; to entwine, to twine around, to mix together; to coordinate (with)
かりhunting
かりいれharvest
かりいれきんloan, loan payable, debt
かりかんじょうsuspense account
り込むかりこむto cut, to dress, to prune, to trim, to clip
かりしゃくほうrelease on parole
かりしゅつごくparole, release on bail
かりしょぶんtemporary measures
かりそめ, こうしょtemporary, transient; trifling, slight, negligent
かりてborrower, debtor, tenant
かりていかんprovisional articles
かりとりharvesting, reaping
かりとるto mow, to reap, to harvest
かりにtemporarily, provisionally, for example, for argument''s sake
かりほharvested grain, harvested rice ears
かりものa borrowed thing
かりゅうred-light district
かりゅうかいred-light district, pleasure quarters, world of the geisha, demimonde
かりゅうど, かりうど, かりゅどhunter
かりゅうびょうsexually transmitted disease, social disease
かりゅうほうvulcanization, vulcanisation
かりょうmedical treatment
かりょくheat power
りるかりるborrow
かりん, カリンangsana, Burmese rosewood
りバチかりバチ, かりばち, カリバチhunter wasp (i.e. potter wasp, sand wasp, etc.)
かるto hunt (e.g. animals), to go looking for (e.g. flowers, etc.), to gather (e.g. mushrooms), to pick (e.g. fruit)
かるいlight (weight), slight, easy, mild
やかかるやか, かろやかlight, easy, non-serious, minor
かるらGaruda or Garua (man-bird deity and ''vahana'' of Hindu-Buddhist myth)
かれいsplendor, splendour, magnificence
かれえだdead branch (or twig, etc.), withered branch
かれきdead tree, dry wood
かれくさ, こそうdry grass, dead grass, hay, withered grass
かれしboyfriend
なりかれなりhis way, peculiar to him
かれはdead leaf, dry leaves
かれらthey (usually male) (n)
れるかれるto wither, to die (plant), to be blasted (plant)
うじてかろうじてbarely, narrowly, just manage to do something
かろく(historical) hereditary stipend
かろとうせんsummer fires and winter fans, useless things
やかなかろやかなlight, airy
かわleather (n)
かわいそうpoor, pitiable, pathetic
かすかわかすto dry (clothes, etc.), to desiccate (v5s,vt)
かわかみupstream
かわきthirst
かわきりbeginning, start
かわぎし, かがん, かしriver bank, riverside; fish market
かわくto be thirsty (v5k)
かわぐちrivermouth
かわぐち, かこうmouth of river, estuary
かわぐつleather shoes
かわさきしちぶtype of baggy tobi trousers with the baggy part taking up seven-tenths of the full length of the trouser leg
かわざんようover-optimistic calculation, unreliable account
かわしもdownstream
かわせrapids, shallows of a river
かわせそうばexchange rates
かわせみ, ひすい, しょうびん, カワセミkingfisher (esp. the common kingfisher, Alcedo atthis); jade
沿かわぞいalong the river, riverside
わったかわったanother, different, various, particular, unusual, novel, peculiar
かわはばwidth of a river
かわばたriverbank
かわら, かわはらdry river bed, river beach
わらないかわらないconstant, invariant
わりかわりa turn (i.e. at bat), a replacement
わりにかわりにin exchange (for...); instead (of...); in place of
わるかわるchange (verb)
かんspare time, free time, leisure
かん, ひつぎcoffin, casket
かん、けん、あいだ、まinterval, between, space
かんあんtaking into consideration, giving consideration (to), thinking
かんいsimplicity, convenience, easiness, quasi-
かんいほけんpostal life insurance
かんえつinspection (of troops)
かんえんhepatitis
かんおけcoffin, casket
かんかconnivance, shutting one''s eyes to
かんかいbureaucracy
かんかくspace, interval, SPC (n)
かんかつjurisdiction, control
かんかつあらそいjurisdictional dispute
かんかつかんちょうcontrolling office, competent (governmental) authorities
かんかつけん(have) jurisdiction over
かんかんかんかんおこるto get very mad
諤諤かんかんがくがくoutspoken, arguing (heatedly) what one believes in, insisting on something without restraint
かんかんかんかんぼうboater (flat straw hat)
かんがいstrong feelings, deep emotion
かんがいむりょうdeep emotion, one''s mind is filled with thousand emotions
かんがえthinking, thought, ideas, intention (n)
かんがえかたway of thinking
かんがえごとconcern
えるかんがえるto consider, to think about
がんかんがんliver cancer
かんきdelight, great joy
かんきせんventilation fan
かんきつるいcitrus fruits
かんきゃくaudience, spectator(s) (n)
かんきゅうin case of emergency
かんきょうenvironment, circumstance (n)
かんきょうえいせいenvironmental hygiene
かんきょうちょうEnvironment Agency
かんきんconfinement
かんぎょう(encouragement of) industry
ぐるかんぐるto be suspicious of
かんけいrelation, connection (n,vs)
かんけいしゃauthorized people, authorised people, person(s) concerned
かんけつbrevity, conciseness, simplicity
かんけつめいりょうclear and concise
かんげいwelcome, reception (n,vs)
かんげきdeep emotion, impression, inspiration (n)
かんげんresolution, reduction, return to origins
かんげんがくorchestral music
かんげんがくだんorchestra
かんこうdecisive action
するかんこうするto go sightseeing
かんこうへんcirrhosis of the liver
かんこく(South) Korea
かんこどりcuckoo
かんこんそうさいimportant ceremonial occasions in family relationships
かんごnursing, (army) nurse
かんごう(circular) moat
貿かんごうぼうえきlicensed trade
かんごくprison
かんごしnurse
かんごふ(female) nurse (n)
かんさinspection, audit, judgement, judgment
かんさいsummary court, court of summary offences, court of summary offenses
かんさいきship-borne plane
かんさつinspection, inspector
かんさやくauditor, inspector
かんさんleisure, quiet, inactivity
かんさん, かんざんconversion (e.g. yen to dollars), change, exchange
かんしobservation, guarding, inspection, surveillance
かんしきjudgement, judgment, discernment, discrimination, having eye for
かんしつぞうlacquered (wooden) Buddha statue
かんしゃthanks, gratitude
かんしゅjailer, gaoler
かんしゅうspectators, onlookers, members of the audience
かんしょうappreciation (e.g. of art), aesthetic sense
かんしょうちたいbuffer zone
かんしょくsense of touch, feeling, sensation, texture (of food while chewing)
かんしんconcern, interest
かんじsmiling
かんじかいboard of governors
としてかんじとしてwith a smile
かんじぶんかけんcountries which use Chinese characters
かんじゃ(a) patient
かんじゅsubmission to, putting up with
かんじょgentle and quiet
かんじょうannulation, ring-forming
かんじょうせんloop line, (transportation) belt line
じるかんじるto feel, to sense, to experience
かんじんessential, fundamental, crucial, vital, main
かんじんちょうtemple solicitation book
かんすいto accomplish, to carry out; accomplishment
かんせいtrap, pitfall
かんせいとうcontrol tower
かんせつjoints (knee joint, elbow joint, etc.)
かんせん(ocean) vessels, warship
かんせんしょうinfectious disease, infection
かんぜいcustoms, duty, tariff
貿かんぜいぼうえきいっぱんきょうていGeneral Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (abolished in 1995), GATT
かんぜんsweetly smiling
かんぜんこようfull employment
かんぜんちょうあくrewarding good and punishing evil, novel or drama with a rewarding-good-and-punishing-evil theme, moral purpose, morality play
かんぜんちょうあくげきmorality play
かんそsimplicity, plain
かんそうwashing one''s hands and rinsing one''s mouth
かんそうかdry fruit (i.e. nuts); dried fruit
かんそうきdrying machine, dryer, desiccator
かんそうぎゅうにゅうpowdered milk
かんそうざいseasoned lumber
かんそうしつdrying room
かんそうせんたくdry cleaning
かんそうふきゅうdry rot
かんそくobservation
かんぞうliver
かんたい(naval) fleet, armada
かんたくland reclamation (from sea)
かんたんadmiration, wonder
かんたんなsimple
かんたんふexclamation point, exclamation mark
かんたんめいりょうsimple and clear
かんだneighbourhood in Tokyo
かんだいtolerance, liberality, leniency
かんだかいhigh-pitched, shrill
かんだんpleasant talk, chat
かんちがいmisunderstanding, wrong guess
かんちょうsuperintendent, director, curator, chief librarian
かんつうpierce, penetrate, perforate
椿かんつばきcamellia-like plant native to China
づくかんづくto suspect, to sense (danger), to scent
かんづめpacking (in cans), canning, canned goods, tin can
かんていjudgement, judgment, expert opinion
かんてつaccomplishment, realization, realisation, penetration
かんてんpoint of view
かんでんちdry cell, battery
かんとうfighting bravely
かんとくsupervision, control, superintendence, direction; director, superintendent, supervisor, coach, foreman, manager, overseer, controller, boss
かんどうbeing deeply moved emotionally, excitement, passion, deep emotion, impression
するかんどうするto be moved (by)
かんどうみゃくcoronary artery
かんないwithin the jurisdiction of
かんながら, かむながら, かみながらas a god; as was done in the age of the gods
かんながらのみち, かむながらのみちthe way of the gods
めるかんにおさめるto lay in a coffin
かんにゅうsubsiding, falling (cave) in, collapse
かんにんぶくろone''s store of patience
かんのうてきsensual; voluptuous; sexy; arousing​
かんばいsold out
しくないかんばしくないpoor, unfavourable, unfavorable, disgraceful
かんばつperiodic thinning (e.g. forest)
かんばんsign, signboard, doorplate, poster (n)
かんぱcold wave
かんぱいcomplete defeat, utter defeat, annihilation
かんぱん, こうはん(ship) deck
かんびsweet
かんびょうnursing (a patient) (n)
かんぶaffected part
かんぶんChinese classical literature; literature written entirely in kanji
かんぷreturn, restoration, refund, (duty) drawback
かんぷうcold wind
かんぷうかいmaple-leaf viewing
き迄かんぷなきまでcompletely, thoroughly, horribly, without exception, until there''s no untouched (undamaged) part
かんべつdiscrimination, judgement, judgment, separation, sorting
便かんべんhandy, simple and easy
かんぼうcold
かんぼうちょうかんChief Cabinet Secretary
かんぼつcave-in, subsidence
かんぽうtraditional Chinese medicine
かんぽうやくherbal medicine
かんまつend of a book
かんまんslow, sluggish, dull
かんみりょうsweeteners, sweetening materials
かんむりcrown, diadem, first, best (n,vs)
かんめいdeep impression
かんもんsummons
かんゆうinvitation, solicitation, canvassing, canvasing, inducement, persuasion, encouragement
かんよparticipation, taking part in, participating in, being concerned in
かんようessential, vital, crucial, importance
かんらくfall, sinking, surrender, capitulation
かんらくがいpleasure quarter
かんらくそcasein
かんらんviewing
かんりsuperintendence, supervision
かんりしょくmanagement
かんりゃくsimple, simplicity
かんりゅうreturn current, convection, reflux
かんりょうbureaucrat, bureaucracy
かんるいtears of gratitude
かんれいcustom, precedent, of convention
かんれいしゃcheesecloth
かんれいちa cold (northern) district
かんれき60th birthday
かんれんrelation, connection, relevance (n)
かんろくpresence, dignity
かんわrelief, mitigation, alleviation, relaxation, softening
かんわじてんChinese-Japanese character dictionary
を掩うかんをおおうto cover the coffin
ずるかんをつうずるto communicate secretly, to form a close friendship
コーヒーかんコーヒーcanned coffee
ジュースかんジュースcanned juice, canned soft drink, can of juice, can of soft drink
ビールかんビールcanned beer, can of beer
トンボかトンボ, かとんぼcrane fly, daddy longlegs (insect of family Tipulidae); a tall, gangly person, string bean
か・うto buy
か・く、しょto write
か・りるto borrow; to have a loan; to rent
か・わる、か・えるsubstitution, generation, fee
elegance, grace; festal song (genre of the Shi Jing)
がいcongratulatory feeling
がいあんthe said proposal
がいえんouter garden
がいかforeign currency, foreign money; foreign goods, imported goods
がいかくouter wall (e.g. castle), outer block (enclosure); outline, contour
がいかくだんたいauxiliary organization, auxiliary organisation
がいかんgeneral view, outline
がいきょうoutlook, general situation
がいけいouter diameter
がいげつtenth month of the lunar calendar
がいこうdiplomacy
がいこうかんdiplomat
がいこくforeigner
がいこくごforeign language
がいこくじんforeigner (n)
がいさんapproximation, rough estimate
してがいしてgenerally, as a rule
がいしゅつouting, going out (n,vs)
がいしょうForeign Minister
がいじゅforeign consumption
がいじゅうないごうgentle but firm
がいせいdeploring the course of public events
がいせんtriumphal return
がいせんぐんreturning victorious army
がいせんこうえんperformance given after a successful tour abroad
がいせんしゃ(right-wing) propaganda truck
がいせんしょうぐんtriumphant general
がいせんもんarch of triumph, triumphal arch
がいぜんindignant, sorrowful; steadfast, determined
がいそうreport of an official''s offence to the emperor (offense)
がいたんdeploring, lamentation, regret, complaint
がいちゅうharmful insect, noxious insect
がいとうcorresponding, answering to, coming under, applying to
がいとうしゃperson concerned, person qualified, person in question, party, litigant (legal)
がいとうぼきんstreetside fundraising
がいねんgeneral idea, concept, notion
がいはくprofundity, extensive (knowledge)
がいはくなちしきprofound knowledge
がいふうsoutherly wind
がいぶthe outside, external (n)
がいへき, そとかべouter wall
がいむforeign affairs
がいむしょうMinistry of Foreign Affairs
がいめんexterior
がいもんだいthe matter in question, the said problem
がいゆうforeign travel
がいようoutline, summary, abridgment, synopsis
がいろroad, street, avenue
がいろじゅroadside trees
がいろんintro, outline, general remarks (n)
がえんbanquet
がかpainter, artist (n)
かがががいも, ガガイモrough potato (Metaplexis japonica)
ががくold Japanese court music, gagaku
がき, ガキbrat, kids; preta (hungry ghost), ghoul
がきだいしょうboss of the children (in the neighbourhood) (neighborhood), bully
がきどうhungry ghost (preta) realm
がくいんinstitute, academy
がくえんacademy, campus
がくげいarts and sciences, liberal arts
がくげいだいがくTokyo neighbourhood named for now-defunct arts University
がくしきscholarship, scientific attainments
がくしゃscholar
がくしゃはだscholarly bent of mind
がくしゅうstudy, learning, tutorial
がくしゅうしどうようりょうgovernment course (curriculum) guidelines
がくしゅうじゅくprivate night-school, tutoring school (math, English, etc.)
がくしょう(musical) movement
がくじゅつscience, learning, scholarship
がくせいa student
がくせいりょうstudent accommodation, student dormitory
がくそつcollege graduate
がくちょうa (university; school) president
がくとstudent, follower, students and pupils
がくどうschool child, pupil
がくばつalma mater clique, old school tie
がくふscore (music)
がくぶdepartment of a university; undergraduate (course, program, etc.)
がくめんface value, par
がくもんlearning, studies, an academic discipline
がくゆうかいmountaineering club
がくりょうstudent hostel, dormitory (e.g. for factory workers)
がくれいschool age
がくれきacademic background
がくろくfoot of Mt Fuji
がごうalias, pseudonym, pen name, nom de plume
がしょうpainter, artist
がしょう, がせいA Happy New Year!
がしんしょうたんgoing through thick and thin to attain one''s objective, enduring unspeakable hardships for the sake of vengeance
がじょうnew year''s card
がすto congratulate
するがするto congratulate
がせんしdrawing paper
がぞうimage, picture, portrait
がぞくせっちゅうblending of the classical and colloquial styles
がだんartists'' world, painting circles
がっかschool subject
がっきmusical instrument
がっきゅう(school) class
がっこうa school
宿がっしゅくlodging together, training camp, boarding house
がっしょうpressing one''s hands together in prayer; "please" or "with respect" in Buddhist correspondence (i.e the veneration mudra)
がっしょうだんchorus group, choir
がっせんbattle
がっそうconcert, ensemble
がっちagreement, concurrence, conformance
がっぺい, ごうへいcombination, union, amalgamation, consolidation, merger, coalition, fusion, annexation, affiliation, incorporation
がっぺいしょうcomplications (in an illness)
がはくmaster painter, artist
がぶんelegant (literary) style
がほうspore
がまんpatience, endurance, perseverance (n,vs)
がめんscreen
がらhilt (of a sword), haft (of a dagger), handgrip
がらがらがらがらへび, ガラガラヘビrattlesnake
がらす, ガラスglass, pane
がらんtemple, monastery
がらんちょうpelican
がりべんdrudge, grind, someone who studies too much, cram-study (for exam, etc.)
がろうhungry wolf
がんprayer, wish, vow
がんかophthalmology
としたがんがんとしたcraggy, steep (as of a mountain)
がんきゅうeyeball
がんきょうdogged, tenacious, stubborn
がんきょう, げんきょうringleader, main culprit; main cause, source
がんくつcave, cavern
がんけんrobust health, able-bodied
がんこstubbornness, obstinacy
がんしょwritten application or petition, application form
がんしょうreef
がんじつNew Year''s Day
がんじょうsolid, firm, stout, burly, strong, sturdy
がんせきrocks and stones
がんせきけんlithosphere
がんぜんbefore one''s eyes
がんそfounder; originator, forerunner
がんぞうしへいcounterfeit paper money
がんたんNew Year''s Day
がんちくimplication, significance, connotation, depth of meaning, complications of a problem
がんとうtop of a massive rock
としてがんとしてfirmly, stubbornly
がんねんfirst year (of a specific reign)
ってがんばってHold on, Go for it, Keep at it
がんばりtenacity, endurance
がんばるto try one''s best, to persist (u-v)
がんばんbedrock
がんぺきwall of rock, rock cliff, rock face
がんぼう, がんもうdesire, wish, aspiration
がんめんface
がんもくcore, point, gist, essence, main object
がんゆうcontain, include
yellow
き, かんはた, かんばた, かにはたthin twilled silk fabric
き、けいsoul, spirit, stream
きあつsteam pressure
きいodd, strange, wonderful
きいとraw silk thread
きいろyellow (n)
きいろいyellow
きいんshogi (go) hall
きえいspirited, energetic
きえつjoy
えるきえるto go out, to vanish (ru-v)
きおくmemory, recollection, remembrance (n,vs)
きおくばいたいstorage medium
きおんtemperature (n)
きかword of respect added to the addressee''s name on a letter; under the desk
きかいthe go (shogi) world, shogi circles
きかいかmechanization, mechanisation; computerization
きかいけいびcard-key system
きかいごmachine language, machine word, computer word
きかいたいそうapparatus gymnastics, artistic gymnastics
きかいぶんめいtechnical civilization, technical civilisation
きかいほんやくmachine translation, mechanical translation, automatic translation
きかがくgeometry
きかくstandard, norm
きかくしつplanning office
きかざるto dress up
かすきかすto inform about, to read to, to sing for
きかんboiler
きかんしbulletin, (party) organ
きかんしえんbronchitis
きかんしつboiler room
きかんじゅうmachine gun
きがhunger, starvation
きがいstrong spirit
きがえchanging clothes, change of clothes (n)
きがよわいdo not have the courage
きがるcarefree, buoyant, lighthearted, sprightly; ease
きがるなlighthearted
きがんprayer
ききghastly, dreadful
ききがきaccount of what one hears
き込みききこみそうさ(police) legwork
ききてhearer, listener, audience; interviewer, questioner
ききとりlistening comprehension
ききゃくrejection, dismissal, abandoning, renunciation, waiver
ききゅうaspiring to, seek, demand, ask for
ききょうhomecoming, return to one''s home
ききんfamine, drought, shortage, crop failure
ききんぞくprecious metal
きぎopportunity, occasion
きぎくyellow chrysanthemum
きぎょうenterprise, undertaking, corporation, business
きぎょうかindustrialist, entrepreneur
きくrule, standard, compass and ruler
きくか, きっかchrysanthemum
きくじゅんじょうrules and standards, norms, criteria
きくのごもんImperial chrysanthemum emblem
きくのはなchrysanthemum
きぐutensil
きぐ, きくfear, misgivings
きけいbirth defect; freak
きけんabstaining from voting; renunciation of a right
きげきcomedy, funny show
きげんera; AD (Christian era)
きげんぜんpre-era, BC, BCE
きこうhorseback riding
きこうていpoetic word for the sun
こえるきこえるhear
きこくreturn to one''s country
きこくしじょわくspecial consideration for students who have lived abroad
するきこくするto return to one''s country
きこつりょうりょう(a person with) strong moral fiber (backbone, determination)
きこんmarriage, married
きごseasonal word (in haiku)
きごうsymbol, code, sign
きさいwizard, genius, great talent
きさき, きさいempress, queen
きさらぎ, じょげつ, きぬさらぎsecond month of the lunar calendar
きざいmachine parts, machinery, equipment
きざしsigns, omen, symptoms
きざすto show signs (symptoms)
きざみshredded tobacco, notch, nick
きざむto mince, to carve, to engrave, to cut fine, to chop up, to hash, to chisel, to notch
きしknight
きしどうchivalry
きしもじん, きしぼじんHariti (goddess of childbirth and children)
きしゃsteam train
きしゃくdilution
きしゃちんtrain fare
きしゅhorseman, rider
きしゅうreply (epistolary)
きしょrare book
きしょうrising, getting out of bed
するきしょうするto get up, to rise
きしょうちょうMeteorological Agency
きしんnoble, men of rank, notables
きじarticle, news story, report, account
きじくaxis, axle, plan, contrivance
寿きじゅ77th birthday
きじゅつてきだとうせいdescriptive adequacy
きじゅんstandard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
きじょうmount, on horseback
きじょうのくうろんacademic gossip, empty theory
きすいbrackish water
きず, しょうwound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, hurt; scar; chip, crack, scratch; (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings; weak point, flaw
きずあと, しょうこんscar, cicatrix
きずいauspicious (good) omen
きずいしょうcitrine, yellow quartz
きずいせん, きすいせん, キズイセンjonquil (Narcissus jonquilla)
げるきずきあげるto build up, to establish (one''s reputation)
きせいregulation, (traffic) policing, control, restriction
きせいがいねんstereotype, preconceived idea, preconceived notion
きせいじじつestablished fact, fait accompli
きせいちゅうparasite
きせいどうめいassociation formed to carry out an objective
きせきpyroxene, augite
きせつestablished, existing
きせんbright line
しいきぜわしいrestless, fidgety, fussy
きぜんfortitude, firmness, resolution
としてきぜんとしてwith resolution
きそprosecution, indictment
きそうdrafting, draughting, drawing up a bill
きそうきょくcapriccio, lively musical composition
きそうてんがいfantastic idea, bizarre
きそくrule, regulations (n)
きそけいJasminum umile var. revolutum, curled flower yellow jasmine
きそけんきゅうbasic research
きそこうじfoundation works
きそこうじょbasic or standard deduction
きそしけんpreclinical study, basic study
きそちしきfundamental knowledge
きそゆうよsuspension of indictment, leaving charge on the file
きそんdamage, injury, defamation, waste
きぞう, きそうdonation, presentation, gift
きぞくnoble, aristocrat
きたnorth
きたいexpectation, anticipation, hope
きたいかんfeeling of expectation
するきたいするto expect
げるきたえあげるto temper thoroughly, to train well
えるきたえるto forge, to drill, to temper, to train, to discipline
きたかぜnorth wind
きたがわ, ほくそくnorth side, north bank
きたくreturning home
するきたくするto go home
きたぐちthe north gate
きたちょうせんNorth Korea
きたないdirty, messy (adj)
きだい, きたいrarity, uncommonness
きだい, キダイyellowback sea bream (Dentex tumifrons)
きだんromantic story, colorful story, colourful story, highly embellished story
きちbase
きち, きつgood fortune, good luck
きちがいmad (crazy)
きちくbrute
きちじつlucky day
きちょうprecious, valuable
きちょうひんvaluables, treasures
きっかけchance, start, cue, excuse, motive, impetus, occasion
きっきょうsunshine and shadow, fortune
きっきんurgency, exigency
きっこう, きこうtortoise shell
きっさfalsehood
きっさてんa tea house / coffee shop
きっしょう, きちじょうlucky omen, happy, auspicious
きっしょうてん, きちじょうてんSri-mahadevi (consort of Vaisravana in Buddhism, based on Lakshmi, the consort of Vishnu in Hinduism)
きっすto eat, to drink, to smoke; to suffer (e.g. defeat), to receive (e.g. a blow)
きっすいpure, genuine, natural-born
するきっするto eat, to drink, to smoke, to take; to suffer (e.g. defeat), to receive a blow
きっちょうlucky omen, good omen
きってa stamp
きっぷticket
きっぽうwelcome news
きつえんsmoking
きつえんしゃsmoker
きつつき, たくぼくちょう, けら, けらつつき, キツツキwoodpecker
きづかいconsideration, concern, fear, worry, solicitude
きづかうto worry about, to feel anxious about, to have apprehensions of
きづたkind of ivy, Hedera rhombea
きていofficial regulations, inner rules
きてきsteam whistle
きとon the way back, returning
とうきとうprayer
きとうしゃperson who prays
きとくcritical illness, on the verge of death
きとくけんvested rights
きどbrightness, clearness, luminance
きどあいらくhuman emotions (joy, anger, pathos, and humor) (humour)
きどうorbit, trajectory; railroad track
するきにゅうするcomplete (a form)
きぬsilk (n)
きぬおりものsilk goods
きぬさやsnow pea(s)
きぬじsilk fabrics
きぬばりneedle for silkwork
きぬめmatte finish (e.g. of photographs)
綿きぬわたsilk floss
きねんcommemoration, memory
きねんひmonument
きねんびholiday, anniversary, memorial day
きのうfunction, facility, faculty, feature
きのどくpitiful, unfortunate, (a) pity
きのめ, このめbud of Japanese pepper tree (Xanthoxylum piperitum), leaf bud
きはぎ, キハギLespedeza buergeri (species of bush clover)
きはくthin (e.g. air), lean, rarified, diluted, sparse, weak, rarefied
きはつvolatilization, volatilisation
きはつせいvolatile
きはつゆgasoline, petrol, petroleum, benzine, volatile oil
きはんmodel, standard, pattern, norm, criterion, example
きばhorse-riding
きばくexploding
きばつnovel, original, striking, strange, eccentric, fantastic
きばなしゃくなげKibana rhododendron, Rhododendron metternichii var.
きばんfoundation, basis, base, footing
きひevasion, shirking, avoidance; challenge, (taking) exception
きひんnoble visitor
しいきびしいstrict (adj)
しいきびしい, いかめしいsevere, strict, rigid, unsparing, relentless; stern, austere, grave, solemn, majestic; intense (cold)
しさきびしさseverity, strictness, intensity
きびんsmart, quick, prompt
きふrecord of a game of go, shogi, chess, etc.
きふうone''s style of playing shogi or go
きふくundulation; ups and downs, highs and lows
きふこういact of endowment or donation
きふじんlady
きぶんfeeling, mood (n)
がいきぶんがいいto feel well
きぶんがわるいto feel ill
きへいcavalry
きへんnear a desk
きほうbladder, vesicle
きほんfoundation, basis, standard
きほんてきfundamental, standard, basic
きぼscale, scope, plan, structure
きぼうhope, wish, aspiration
きぼうてきwishful
きぼうほうCape of Good Hope
きぼりwood carving, woodcraft
まってきまってalways, without fail, usually, regularly
きまつしけんa final exam, an end-of-term exam
きまるto be decided, to be settled (u-v)
きみsensation, feeling
きみがよImperial reign; title of Japanese national anthem
たちきみたちyou (plural), all of you, you all
きみつsecrecy, highly classified information
きみどり, おうりょくpea green, yellow-green
きみょうstrange, queer, curious
きむらKimura; a Japanese surname
めるきめるto decide (ru-v)
きも, たんliver, innards; courage, spirit, pluck, guts
きもちa feeling
ったまきもったま, きもだまguts, pluck, nerve, spirit
きものkimono (n)
をつぶすきもをつぶすto be frightened out of one''s wits, to be amazed, to be astounded
きもんthe northeastern (unlucky) direction, person or thing to be avoided
きゃくa guest, a customer
きゃくしょくdramatization (e.g. film), dramatisation
きゃくせきguest seating
きゃくせんpassenger boat
きゃくほんscript, screenplay, scenario
きゃっかrejection, dismissal
きゃっかん, かっかん, かくかんobject (as opposed to subject)
きゃっかんてきobjective
きゃっこうfootlight, limelight
きゃらaloes wood, Taxus cuspidata var. nana; aloes-wood perfume
きやくagreement, rules, code, protocol, convention
きゅうclass, grade, rank, school class, grade
きゅうあいこじcourtship display
きゅうい(pitcher''s) stuff
きゅういんabsorption, suction, aspiration, attraction
きゅうえんrelief, rescue, reinforcement
きゅうか(pine) cone
濶をきゅうかつをじょすto apologize for a long neglect of friends (apologise)
きゅうかんemergency case
きゅうきゅうfirst-aid, emergency (aid)
たるきゅうきゅうたるぶふsoldier of dauntless courage
きゅうきゅしゃambulance
きょきゅうきょhurriedly, in a hurry
きゅうきょくultimate, extreme, final, eventual
きゅうきんcoccus
きゅうぎold friendship
きゅうぎょうclosed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday
きゅうくつnarrow, tight, stiff, rigid, uneasy, formal, constrained
きゅうぐthings used in archery
きゅうけい(plant) bulb, onion
きゅうけいしつbreak room, lounge (e.g. in an onsen), resting room
きゅうけいじかんrest time, intermission
きゅうけいじょrest area, rest stop, service area, SA, parking area (e.g. off highways), PA
きゅうけつきvampire, bloodsucker
きゅうげきsudden, precipitous, radical
きゅうこうlying fallow
きゅうこくpatriot devoted to the salvation of his country
きゅうごうrally, muster
きゅうごはんrelief squad, rescue party
きゅうさいrelief, aid, rescue, salvation, help
きゅうしきold style
きゅうしゃpigeon house
きゅうしゅgoing into a huddle
きゅうしゅうabsorption, suction, attraction
きゅうしゅつrescue, extricate, reclaim, deliverance
きゅうしゅんsteep, sharp
きゅうしょうgood omen
きゅうしょうがつlunisolar New Year, Chinese New Year, Vietnamese Tet
きゅうしょくschool lunch, providing a meal
きゅうしんrapid progress, radical
きゅうしんりょくcentripetal force, cohesive power, unifying force
きゅうじつa holiday
きゅうじゅう, くじゅうninety
きゅうじゅつ(Japanese) archery
きゅうじょrelief, aid, rescue
きゅうじょうdistress, wretched condition
きゅうじんoffer of job (situation)
きゅうすsmall teapot
きゅうすいidle spindles
きゅうすいせんhydrant, tap, faucet
きゅうすのくちspout of a teapot
するきゅうするto come to an end; to rest
きゅうせいone''s former (maiden) name
きゅうせんhades, nether regions
きゅうそくrapid (e.g. progress)
きゅうそだいpoor student (scholar)
きゅうぞうexplosion, proliferation, surge
きゅうたいold state of affairs
きゅうだいpassing an examination
きゅうだんblame
きゅうちdilemma, predicament
きゅうちゃくadsorption, adsorb, attachment, sorption
きゅうちゅうimperial court
きゅうていimperial court, royal court
きゅうていびno-court day
殿きゅうでんpalace
きゅうとうhot-water supply
きゅうどう(Japanese) archery
きゅうなさかsudden drop, precipitous slope
きゅうにゅうinhalation
きゅうはold school
きゅうはいdecay, dilapidation (ruin)
きゅうはんformer clan
きゅうはん, きゅうさかsteep slope, steep gradient
きゅうはんしゅformer feudal lord
きゅうふpayment, provision, benefit, present, delivery; performance
きゅうへいold-fashioned, conservatism, standing evil, the old school, antiquated
きゅうぼurgent recruit
きゅうぼうpoverty
きゅうぼんBon Festival of the lunar calendar
きゅうみんidle, dormant
きゅうめいsearching examination
きゅうめいていlifeboat
きゅうもんinquiry, enquiry
きゅうゆうold friend
きゅうよextremity, desperation
きゅうようrest, break, recreation (n)
きゅうらいtraditional, from ancient times, formerly
きゅうらくsudden fall, sharp fall, sudden drop, sharp drop
きゅうりょうhill
きゅうりょうちたいhill country, hilly area
きゅうれきJapan''s old (lunisolar) calendar
きゅーば, キューバCuba
きゆうabsurd fear, needless anxiety
きょtubular nectary, spur (botanical term)
きょあくgreat evil, consummate villain
きょうlance (shogi)
きょうあくatrocious, fiendish, brutal, villainous
きょういwonder, miracle
きょういくtraining, education (adj-no,n,vs)
きょういくいいんかいBoard of Education
するきょういくするto educate
きょういんbad news, news of a death
きょうえいswimming race
きょうえんfeast
きょうかstrengthen, intensify, reinforce, solidify
きょうかいboundary (n)
きょうかくintimidation, threat
きょうかしょtext book (n)
きょうかつthreat, intimidation, menace
きょうかつざい(the crime of) extortion
きょうかんbetween the mountains
きょうがrespectful congratulations
きょうがいcircumstances, one''s situation or lot in life
がくきょうがくsurprise, fright, shock
きょうがしんねんHappy New Year!
きょうきnarrow gauge
きょうきてつどうnarrow-gauge railway
きょうきゃくbridge pier, pontoon bridge
きょうきゃくしゅうpontoon
きょうきゅうdelivering from sin, succor, succour
きょうきゅうげんsource of supply
きょうきんone''s heart
きょうぎnarrow sense (e.g. of a word), strict
きょうくんlesson, precept, moral instruction
きょうぐうenvironment, circumstances
きょうけいrespect, reverence, veneration
きょうけんmad dog
きょうげきradical, extreme, eccentric
きょうげんkyogen (farce played during a Noh cycle), play, drama; make-believe, ruse, trick
きょうこfirmness, stability, security, strength
きょうこうpanic, scare, consternation
きょうこうさいけつsteamroller voting, steamrollering
きょうこくglen, ravine, gorge, canyon
きょうごうveteran, champion
きょうさinstigation
きょうさいmutual aid
さくきょうさくstricture, stenosis, contraction
きょうさざいcriminal instigation
きょうさしゃinstigator
きょうさせんどうinstigation and abetment
きょうさつ(baseball) rundown
きょうさんsupport, mutual aid, cooperation, approval, authorization, authorisation
きょうさんこっかぐんCommunist bloc
きょうさんしゅぎcommunism, collectivism
きょうさんとうCommunist Party
きょうさんとうさいぼうcommunist cell
きょうさんとうちゅうおういいんかいCentral Committee of the Communist Party
きょうざいteaching materials
きょうしpride, self-conceit
きょうしきょくrhapsody
きょうしつa classroom
きょうしゅうnostalgia, homesickness
きょうしゅくshame, very kind of you, sorry to trouble
きょうしょうflying race (between pigeons)
きょうしん(religious) fanaticism
きょうしんしょうheart attack, angina pectoris
きょうじsecuring rights and profits
きょうじゅreception, acceptance, enjoyment, being given
きょうじゅしゃrecipient
きょうじゅつaffidavit, deposition, testimony
きょうじゅんallegiance
きょうせいcorrection, remedy
きょうせいしりょくcorrected eyesight
きょうそfounder of a religious sect
きょうそうmania, wild excitement
きょうそうきょくconcerto
きょうぞうbust (statue)
きょうぞん, きょうそんcoexistence
きょうたんwonder, admiration
きょうだいbrothers, a sibling, siblings
きょうだい, けいしbrother and sister
喧嘩きょうだいげんかquarrel between siblings
きょうだいしまいbrothers and sisters, siblings
きょうだんplatform
きょうちone''s lot, circumstance, situation in life
きょうちゅうone''s heart, one''s mind, one''s intentions
きょうちょcollaboration, co-authorship
調きょうちょうcooperation, conciliation, harmony; firm (market) tone
きょうついthoracic vertebra(e)
きょうつうcommonness, community (adj-na,adj-no,n,vs)
きょうていboat race
きょうてきvibrating pipe
きょうとbeliever, adherent
きょうとうjoint struggle, common (united) front
きょうどnative place, birth-place, one''s old home
きょうどうcooperation, association, collaboration, joint
きょうどうすいせんcommon faucet
きょうどうたいcooperative body, cooperative system, collective, community
きょうどうぼきんcommunity chest
きょうにん, あんにんapricot seed, apricot kernel
きょうねんone''s age at death
きょうはくthreat, menace, coercion, terrorism
きょうはんapproach to a bridge
きょうばい, けいばいauction
きょうふ, くふfear, dread, dismay, terror
きょうふうreform of morals
きょうふしょうmorbid fear, phobia
きょうぶchest, breast
きょうほんrushing around, running wild
きょうぼうbrutal, atrocious, ferocious
きょうぼくtall tree, forest tree, arbor, arbour
きょうみ(an) interest (in something)
きょうみしんしんvery interesting, of absorbing interest, having a keen interest (in), being immensely curious (about)
きょうめいresonance, sympathetic (sound), (being in) sympathy
きょうめんmirror surface
きょうゆteacher
きょうゆうhamlet, village
きょうよgiving, provision, furnishing
きょうようculture, education, refinement, cultivation (n)
きょうらくenjoyment, pleasure
きょうらくしゅぎepicureanism, hedonism
きょうらくせいかつgay life
きょうらくてきpleasure-seeking
きょうらんfury, frenzy, madness
きょうりbirth-place, home town
きょうりゅうdinosaur
きょうりょくherculean strength, mountain carrier-guide
きょうりんapricot grove
きょうれつstrong, intense, severe
きょうわrepublicanism, cooperation
きょうわとうRepublican Party
きょうわんfjord
きょかpermission, approval (n,vs)
きょかいringleader, chief
きょかんgiant
きょがくgreat sum
きょきょじつじつfull of wiles and tricks, match between persons equal in shrewdness mobilizing all the tricks each can muster, shrewdly avoiding the opponent''s strong points and attacking its weaknesses
きょぎuntrue, falsehood, fiction, deception, vanity
きょくtune, piece of music
きょくうextreme right
きょくしょぶんきlocal jump
きょくじつrising sun
きょくじつき
きょくじつしょうOrders of the Rising Sun
きょくじつしょうてんfull of vigor and vitality (like the rising sun) (vigour), being in the ascendant
きょくじつだいじゅしょうGrand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun
きょくせつwindings, meanderings, complications
きょくせんcurve (n)
きょくたんextreme, extremity
きょくちょうbureau director, office chief
きょくとうFar East
きょくめんcheckerboard, aspect, situation
めるきょくりょくつとめるto do one''s best
きょこうfiction, fabrication, concoction; fictitious, fictional, imaginary
きょしつliving room
きょしゅうcommitting one''s self
きょしゅつdonation, contribution
きょしょうmaster, masterhand, maestro
きょしょくostentation, show, affectation
きょしょくしょうanorexia
きょじゃくfeebleness, weakness, imbecility
きょじゅうlarge animal
きょじゅうしゃresident, inhabitant
きょじんgiant, great man; Tokyo Giants (baseball team)
きょせいgiant star, great man, big-shot
きょぜつrefusal, rejection
きょぜつはんのう(organ) rejection; unthinking dismissal, strong reaction (against)
きょそbehavior, behaviour, manner
きょぞうvirtual image, pretense, pretence
きょぞくbig-time bandit, big-time pirate
きょたいlarge build
きょだいhuge, gigantic, enormous (adj-na,n)
きょだく
きょだつprostration, lethargy, collapse, despondency
きょっきrays of the rising sun
きょっこうrays of the rising sun
きょてんposition, location, base, point
きょねんlast year
きょはくocean liner
きょひdenial, veto, rejection, refusal
きょひけんright of veto
きょほうgigantic peak; Kyoho grape
きょぼくbig tree
きょむnihility, nothingness
きょもうfalsehood, untruth, delusion
きょようpermission, pardon
きょりdistance, range
きよいclear, pure, noble (adj)
きようappointment (to a position, job, etc.), being used for a role, promotion
きようびんぼうJack of all trades and master of none
きらfine clothes
きらい(sea) mine
きらうto hate, to dislike, to loathe (v5u)
らすきらすto be out of, to run out of, to be short of, to be out of stock
びやかきらびやかgorgeous, gaudy, dazzling, gay
きりpaulownia tree, Paulownia tomentosa
きりかえ, せったいexchange, conversion, replacement, switching (to), switchover
きりくずすto level (earth), to cut through (a mountain); to split (the opposition), to break (strike)
きりさめdrizzle, light rain
きりざいpaulownia wood
きりすて(historical) using people of low rank as sword fodder, omission, rounding down
てるきりすてるto cut down, to slay; to truncate, to round down, to round off; to omit, to discard, to cast away
きりすと, キリストChrist
きりつorder, rules, law (n)
立するきりつするto stand up
きりぬきscraps, cuts
きりはなだいじゅしょうGrand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers
きりひとはfalling paulownia leaf signaling the beginning of autumn (fall)
きりふきspray, atomizer, atomiser
きりふだtrump card
きりゅうさんdilute sulfuric acid, dilute sulphuric acid
きりょくおうせいbeing full of energy (drive, motivation, vitality)
きりん, キリンgiraffe; qilin (Chinese unicorn); Kirin (brand of beer)
きりんけつdragon''s blood
きりんさい, キリンサイEucheuma muricatum (species of red algae)
きりんじchild prodigy, wonder child
きりんそう, キリンソウKamchatka stonecrop (Sedum kamtschaticum)
きるto cut down (e.g. trees)
きれcloth, piece, cut, chop (n)
きれいpretty, lovely, beautiful, fair; clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat; completely, entirely
きれいごとfine skill, simplicity
きれつcrack, crevice, fissure, chap
れるきれる(1) to cut well, to be sharp, (2) to break (off)
きろforked road, crossroads
きろくrecord, minutes, document (n,vs)
きろくてきrecord(-setting)
まりないきわまりないextremely, in the extreme, boundless, limitless
まるきわまるto terminate, to reach an extreme, to take to the extreme, to be in a dilemma, to be at an end
きわみheight, acme, extremity
めるきわめるto carry to extremes, to go to the end of something; to investigate thoroughly, to master
にするきをいつにするto concur, to be the same (thought, opinion, etc.), to have the same way of doing
けるきをつけるto be careful, to pay attention, to take care
きんfungus; germ, bacterium, bacillus
きんいちまんえん10,000 Yen
きんいつuniformity
きんえつjoy, gladness
きんえんNo Smoking! (exp)
きんかgold coin
きんかいnugget, gold bullion, gold bar
きんがくamount of money (n)
きんがしんねんHappy New Year!
きんきpennant, gold-brocade flag
きんきじゃくやくjump up for joy
きんきゅうurgent, pressing, emergency
きんきゅうたいほarrest without warrant
きんきょりshort distance
きんきんぜんquite joyous, quite cheerful, quite happy
きんぎょgoldfish (n)
きんぎんsilver and gold (literally)
きんけいDear Sirs (opening for a letter), Gentlemen
きんけんindustry, diligence, frugality
きんげんYours Sincerely ...
きんこimprisonment, confinement
きんこうgold mine
きんこうのうぎょうagriculture in urban areas
きんしprohibition, ban (n,vs)
きんしつhomogeneous, homogeneity
きんしほうnegative statute, law against something
きんしゅくshrinkage, contraction, economy, retrenchment
きんしんpenitence, discipline, house arrest
きんじとうpyramid, monumental work
きんじゅうまんえん100,000 Yen
きんじょthe neighbourhood
きんじょうcrowning beauty with even greater glory
きんじょうへいかthe reigning emperor, His Majesty the Emperor
じるきんじるto prohibit
きんすmoney, funds
きんせいhumbly made
きんせんheartstrings
きんぜんjoyful, cheerful
きんぞくmetal (n)
きんだdiligence and indolence, attendance
きんだいpresent day (n)
きんだいしmodern poetry, modern-style poetry
きんちょrecent work
きんちょうlistening attentively
きんていwith the author''s compliments
きんていけんぽうconstitution granted by the Emperor
きんてつKinki Nippon Tetsudou (railway co.)
きんとうequality, uniformity, evenness
きんにくmuscle
きんねんrecent years
きんばくbind tightly; (sexual) bondage
きんぱくtension, strain
きんぱつblond hair
きんべんindustry, diligence
きんぼadoration, reverence, admiration
きんぽうげa buttercup
きんみつrigour, rigor, closeness, compactness, tightly knit
きんみゃく(questionable) financial connections, vein of gold
きんむservice, duty, work
きんむじっせきservice record
きんめweight
きんめだいsplendid alfonsino (Beryx splendens)
きんゆembargo
きんゆうmonetary circulation, credit situation (n)
きんゆうきかんfinancial institutions, banking facilities
きんゆうきょうこうfinancial crisis or panic
きんゆうしじょうmoney market, financial market
きんようmomentous, exigent, urgent, important, vital
きんようのよるFriday night
きんようびFriday
きんよくabstinence, abnegation
きんりinterest rates
きんりょうNo Hunting!
きんりょくphysical strength
きんりんneighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity
きんりんしょこくneighboring countries, neighbouring countries, surrounding countries
きんろうlabor, labour, exertion, diligent service
きんろうしゃworker
ガスきガスnoble gas
き・く、き・こえるto hear, to listen, to ask
き・るto cut, to sever, to carve, to slice
morality, righteousness, justice, honour (honor); meaning; teachings, doctrine; nonconsanguineous relationship (i.e. of in-laws); prosthesis
ぎいんmember of the Diet, congress or parliament (n)
ぎいんうんえいいいんかいCommittee on Rules and Administration (Diet)
ぎえんきんdonation money, contribution
ぎおんimitative sounds (drama, broadcasting)
ぎかいDiet, congress, parliament (n)
ぎがcaricature, cartoon, comics
ぎがくancient music
ぎきょくplay, drama
ぎぎゅうsacrificial bullock
ぎけい, あにbrother-in-law
ぎげいart of kabuki
ぎこうtechnique, finesse
ぎごくscandal, graft case
ぎしartificial limb
ぎし, あねsister-in-law (elder)
ぎしきceremony, rite, ritual, service
ぎしょうfalse evidence, perjury, false testimony
ぎしんあんきSuspicion will raise bogies, Once you suspect something, everything else will look suspicious
ぎしんなんぼくちょうじだいWei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties period (220-589 CE)
ぎじsuspected, pseudo, sham, quasi, false, mock
ぎじゅくprivate school
ぎじゅつart, technique, technology, skill (n)
ぎじゅつしゃengineer, technical expert, technician, crafts-person
ぎじゅつていけいtechnical cooperation
ぎじゅつてきtechnical, practical
ぎじょwoman entertainer
ぎじろくrecord of proceedings, minutes
ぎすto imitate, to copy, to mimic; to enter someone as a candidate; to press (e.g. a weapon against someone''s back); to compare, to liken
するぎするto imitate, to copy, to mimic; to enter someone as a candidate; to press (e.g. a weapon against someone''s back); to compare, to liken
ぎせいvictim, sacrifice, scapegoat
ぎせいしゃvictim
ぎせいだsacrifice hit
ぎせいてきself-sacrificing
フライぎせいフライsacrifice fly
ぎせきparliamentary seat
ぎぜんhypocrisy
ぎそうdisguise, camouflage, masquerade
ぎぞうforgery, falsification, fabrication, counterfeiting
ぎだsacrifice fly, bunt
ぎだいtopic of discussion, agenda
ぎだゆうgidayuu (form of ballad drama)
ぎちょうchairman, speaker (e.g. of assembly), president (e.g. of council, senate, etc.), moderator (e.g. of a newsgroup)
ぎてい, おとうとyounger brother-in-law
ぎにんしんfalse pregnancy, phantom pregnancy, pseudopregnancy
ぎねんdoubt, suspicion, misgivings, scruples
ぎのうtechnical skill, ability, capacity
ぎはんprecedent, model
ぎひsacrifice fly (baseball)
ぎふfather-in-law, foster father, stepfather
ぎふけんGifu prefecture (Chuubu area)
ぎふんrighteous indignation
ぎへんdeception
ぎぼし, ぎぼうし, ぎぼうしゅ, ギボウシ, ギボシbridge railing-post knob; stone-leek flower, hosta (genus of about 40 species of lily-like plants in the family Agavaceae)
ぎまい, いもうとsister in law (younger)
ぎまんdeception, deceit
ぎむduty, obligation, responsibility
ぎもん(a) question
ぎもんしinterrogative
ぎもんふquestion mark
ぎゃくreverse, opposite; converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
ぎゃくこうか, ぎゃっこうかbackfire, counterproductive, opposite effect
ぎゃくさつatrocity, massive killing
ぎゃくしゅうcounterattack
ぎゃくたいill-treatment, oppression
ぎゃくて, さかてunderhand or backhand grip (e.g. in tennis); unexpected twist, turning the tables (on an opponent)
ぎゃくてん(sudden) change, reversal, turn-around, coming from behind (baseball)
ぎゃくてんがちwinning after defeat seems certain, coming from behind to win
ぎゃくふうhead wind, adverse wind
ぎゃくふんしゃreverse thrust, crazy
ぎゃくもどりretrogression, reversal, relapse
ぎゃくゆにゅうreimportation
ぎやくinactive placebo, placebo
ぎゅうしゃcow shed, cattle barn
ぎゅうとうcow pox, vaccinia
ぎゅうどんbeef rice bowl
ぎゅうにくbeef
ぎゅうにゅうcow''s milk
ぎゅうほsnail''s pace, slow progress
ぎゅうらくbutter
ぎゆうheroism, loyalty and courage
ぎょうかいindustry, business
ぎょうかくadministrative reform
ぎょうき, みゆき, ごうき, ごこうimperial outing or visit
ぎょうぎmanners (n)
ぎょうぎょうhigh (as of a mountain)
ぎょうこcoagulation, freezing, solidification
ぎょうこうfortuitous, luck, windfall, godsend, good fortune
ぎょうしstare, gaze, fixation
ぎょうしゃtrader, merchant
ぎょうしゅtype of industry
ぎょうしゅうagglomeration, clumping together; cohesion (of ions, etc.); flocculation (of colloidal particles); (biological) agglutination
ぎょうしゅくcondensation
ぎょうじsumo referee
ぎょうじょevent
ぎょうせいadministration
ぎょうせいしょぶんadministrative measures (disposition)
ぎょうせいそしょうadministrative litigation (action)
ぎょうせきachievement, performance, results, work, contribution
ぎょうせきあっかdownturn
ぎょうてんdawn
ぎょうむbusiness, affairs, duties, work, procedure, task, action, function
ぎょうむていけいbusiness partnership
ぎょうれつ(1) line, procession, (2) matrix (math) (n,vs)
ぎょえんimperial garden
ぎょかいるいmarine products, seafood, fish and shellfish
ぎょかくfishing, catch, haul
ぎょぎょうfishing (industry) (n)
ぎょくえいcrystal, transparent gem
ぎょくさいhonourable defeat, honorable defeat, honourable death, honorable death
ぎょくじsovereign''s seal
ぎょくはいjade cap
ぎょこうfishing harbour, fishing harbor
ぎょしょうreef where fish live and breed
ぎょじimperial seal, privy seal
ぎょじょう, ぎょば, りょうばfishing grounds, permitted fishing zone
ぎょせんfishing boat
ぎょそんfishing village
ぎょたくfish print
ぎょみんfishermen
ぎょめいぎょじthe imperial or privy seal
ぎょらいtorpedo
ぎょらいていtorpedo boat
ぎょるいthe fishes
ぎりのあねone''s older sister-in-law
ぎりのいもうとone''s younger sister-in-law
ぎりょうability, talent, skill, capacity
ぎれいetiquette, courtesy
ぎろんargument, discussion, dispute (n,vs)
ぎわくdoubt, misgivings, distrust, suspicion
ぎんsilver
ぎんいろsilveriness, the color silver (noun)
ぎんえいrecitation or chanting of a poem
ぎんかsilver coin
ぎんがMilky Way; galaxy
ぎんこうbank
ぎんこうこうざa bank account
ぎんざGinza (district of Tokyo)
ぎんしょうrecital, recitation, chant(ing)
ぎんじょうしゅtype of sake brewed by low temperature fermentation from white rice milled to 60%
じるぎんじるto chant, to sing, to recite
ぎんみtesting, scrutiny, careful investigation
ぎんゆうしじんtroubadour, minstrel
ぎんれいsilvery, snow-capped mountain
ward, district, section
くいregret, repentance
くいきlimits, boundary, domain, zone, sphere, territory
くいちがいdiscrepancy, different or conflicting opinions
いるくいるto regret
くう(male) (vulg) to eat (v5u)
くうい(Self Defense Force''s Air Force) captain (defence), lieutenant
くうかんspace, room, airspace
くうきair
くうきこうair pocket, air hole
くうきょemptiness, vacancy
くうくうばくばくvast, boundless, empty, vague
くうぐんAir Force
くうこうairport (n)
くうしゅうair-raid
くうそうdaydream, fantasy, fancy, vision (n)
くうちゅうsky, air (n)
くうちゅうろうかくcastle in the air
くうどうcave, hollow, cavity
くうどうかmaking hollow, making meaningless
くうはくblank space, vacuum, space, null (NUL)
くうばくaerial bombing
くうふくhunger
くうほうblank shot or cartridge, blank ammunition
くうぼaircraft carrier
くうゆair transport
くうらんblank space
くおんeternity
くかいgathering of haiku poets
くかんsection (of track, etc.), segment, dimension
くがつSeptember
くきstalk
くきょうtrouble, crisis, predicament, squeeze, pinch
くぎsacrifice, sacrificial animal
くぎるto punctuate, to cut off, to mark off, to stop
くくmultiplication table, times table
りつけるくくりつけるto fasten (a person) to
くくるto tie up, to tie together, to bundle, to fasten, to hang (oneself)
くけいrectangle
くさgrass (n)
くさいodour, scent, smell, stench (n)
くさかりmowing, mower
くさきもねむるうしみつときthe dead of night
くさたけrice plant''s height
くさのねgrassroots, rank and file, the roots of grass
くさはらgrassy plain
くさぶえreed pipe
くさみbad smell; affectation, fulsomeness
くさりrottenness, decay, corruption
かたびらくさりかたびらchain mail (armor, armour)
くさりがまsickle and chain (weapon)
くさるto rot, to go bad (v5r)
くさわけpioneer, pathfinder, originator, founder, trailblazer
使くしorder around, use freely
くしゅうcollection of haiku poems
くしょうquadrature
くしんpain, trouble (n,vs)
くじnine o''clock
くじだいbetween nine and ten (o''clock)
くじめtype of greenling (fish)
くじゃく, くざく, クジャクpeafowl (inc. the male peacock, female peahen, and young peachick)
くじゃくせきmalachite
くじゃくみょうおうMayuri Vidya-raja, holder of the mantras
くじゅうbitterness, mortification, difficulty in understanding, distress, affliction
くじょextermination, expulsion, destruction
くじょうcomplaint, troubles, objection (n)
くじらwhale
くすのき, くす, クソノキ, クスcamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), camphorwood, camphor laurel
くすりmedicine
くすりやdrugstore
くすりゆびring finger
くずしがきcursive style of writing or calligraphy
くずすto destroy, to pull down, to make change (money)
くずれcrumbling, collapse, ruin
れるくずれるto collapse, to crumble (v1)
くせa habit (often a bad habit), peculiarity (n)
くせにand yet, though, when, in spite of
になるくせになるto become a habit
のあるくせのあるto be quirky
くせんhard fight, close game
くそくstandard, rule
くだpipe, tube (n,n-suf)
くだくto break, to smash (v5k,vt)
くだけfamiliar (informal) (speech style)
けるくだけるto break, to be broken (v1,vi)
さるくださる(hon) to give, to confer (v5aru)
くださんごorgan-pipe coral
くだものfruit, a fruit
くだりdown-train (going away from Tokyo) (n,n-suf)
くだりざかdescent, downhill, decline, waning
くだるto get down, to descend (v5r)
くちmouth
くちえfrontispiece
くちがかるいhave a loose tongue
くちぎれいspeaking elegantly, speaking clearly, not coveting food, speaking like an innocent person
くちくextermination, expulsion, destruction
くちくかんdestroyer
くちぐせway of saying, favorite phrase, favourite phrase
くちごたえretort
くちしのぎliving from hand to mouth
くちすすぐto gargle, to rinse the mouth
てるくちはてるto rust away, to rot away, to decay, to fall to ruins, to die in obscurity
くちばdecayed leaves
くちびるlip
くちぶえwhistle
くちべにlipstick (n)
くちまめtalkative, voluble
くちゅうdistress
調くちょうtone (e.g. of voice, etc.), (verbal) expression
ちるくちるto rot
くっさくdigging out, excavation
くっしleading, foremost, preeminent, outstanding, one of the best
するくっするto yield, to give in, to be daunted; to bend, to shrink; to feel down
くっせつbending, indentation; refraction; inflection; warping (e.g. of opinion, reasoning, etc.), distortion
くったくworry, care
くっぷくyielding, submission, surrender, giving way, succumbing
くつshoes, footwear
くつうpain, agony (adj-na,n)
くつがえすto overturn, to upset, to overthrow, to undermine
くつがえるto topple over, to be overturned, to capsize
くつしたsocks
くつじょくdisgrace, humiliation
べらくつべらshoehorn
くつやshoemaker, shoe store
くつろぎease, relaxation, comfort, unwinding
くつろぐto relax, to feel at home
げるくつろげるto loose, to ease, to relax
ブラシくつブラシshoe brush
くとうてんpunctuation marks (n)
くどいverbose, importunate, heavy (taste)
くどうdriving force
くどくto talk someone into agreeing
しいくどくどしいwordy, verbose, prolix
くないin the ward or borough
くないちょうImperial Household Agency
くにcountry, (the) state; region; province (of Japan); home (i.e. hometown, home country); land, earth
くに、こくcountry
くにくのさくlast resort, desperate measure taken under pressure of necessity
くのうsuffering, distress, affliction, anguish, agony, trouble
くはいbitter experience (ordeal)
くばるto distribute, to deliver (v5r)
くびthe neck, the head
くびかざりnecklace
くびきyoke
になるくびになるto be fired (from a job)
くびれconstriction, narrow part, wrinkle
れるくびれるto be constricted
くふうdevice, scheme (n)
くぶくりんten to one, nine cases out of ten
くぶん(a) division, (a) classification, sorting, grouping
くべつ(a) distinction, (a) difference
するくべつするto distinguish, to classify, to tell apart
まるくぼまるto be low (as a hollow)
くぼみ, へこみhollow, cavity, dent, depression
めるくぼめるto hollow out
くまcorner, nook, recess; a shadow, a shade
くまげら, クマゲラblack woodpecker (Dryocopus martius)
くまざさVeitch''s bamboo (low and striped), Sasa veitchii, Sasa albo-marginata
くまでrake, fork, bamboo rake
くまのみ, クマノミclownfish (Amphiprioninae), anemone-fish
くまもとけんKumamoto prefecture (Kyuushuu)
くみclass, group, team, set (n)
くみあいassociation, union (n)
くみあわせcombination (n)
くみうたmedley of (Japanese) songs
わすくみかわすto drink together
み込むくみこむto insert, to include, to cut in (printing)
み立てるくみたてるto assemble, to set up, to construct (v1)
くみちょうboss (yakuza)
くみんward residents
くむto serve sake (v5m)
くもcloud
くものうえabove the clouds, the Imperial Court
くもくもまくthe arachnoid (membrane)
くもゆきweather, look of the sky, situation, turn of affairs, signs
らすくもらすto encloud, to make dim or dull, to frown
らせるくもらせるto cloud, to make dim or dull, to frown
くもりcloudiness, cloudy weather, shadow (n)
りがちくもりがちbroken cloud, mainly cloudy
くもりぞらcloudy sky (weather)
りガラスくもりガラスfrosted glass
くもるto become cloudy, to become dim (u-v)
しいくやしいregrettable, mortifying, vexing (adj)
しさくやしさchagrin
くやしなきcrying from vexation, tears of regret
くやしなみだvexation, chagrin
やみくやみcondolence(s)
やむくやむto mourn (v5m)
くようmemorial service for the dead, holding a service
くようづかunknown person''s grave
くらwarehouse, cellar, magazine, granary, godown, depository, treasury, elevator
くらいdark
らしくらしliving, livelihood, subsistence, circumstances
くらしきstorage charges
らしくらしむきcircumstances
らすくらすto live, to get along (v5s)
くらぶ, クラブclub, fraternity, sorority, clubhouse
くらべcontest, comparison, competition
べるくらべるto compare, to make a comparison; to compete, to vie
やみくらやみdarkness, the dark
くり, クリJapanese chestnut (Castanea crenata)
くりあげupward move, advance
げるくりあげるto move up, to advance
くりいれtransfer
くりかえしrepetition, reiteration, iteration, cycle; repeatedly
くりかえすto repeat, to do something over again (v5s)
くりからもんもんtattoo
きんとんくりきんとんmashed sweet potatoes with sweetened chestnuts
くりげchestnut (horse coat color)
ぜんざいくりぜんざいsweet made with soft beans (e.g. adzuki) and chestnuts
し梯くりだしはしご, くりだしばしごextension ladder, aerial ladder
くりだすto draw (a thread), to let out (e.g. a rope); to sally forth; to send out, to dispatch; to lunge, to unleash
くりつestablished by the ward
くりのべpostponement
げるくりひろげるto unfold, to open
りゃるくりゃるto receive from another
くりょrack one''s brains
くるto come (vk)
くるうto go mad, to get out of order (v5u)
しいくるしいpainful, difficult (adj)
しみくるしみpain, anguish, distress, suffering, hardship
しむくるしむto suffer, to groan, to be worried (v5m)
しめるくるしめるto torment, to harass, to inflict pain
くるま、しゃcar, wheel
くるみwalnut
くるる, くろろ, くる, くるりpivot hinge; sliding wooden bolt (for holding a door or window shut)
くるわ, かくdistrict, quarter; enclosure, area enclosed by earthwork; red-light district
くれyear end, sunset, nightfall, end (n-adv,n)
れもくれぐれもrepeatedly, sincerely, earnestly
くれてdonor, one who does something for you
れてくれてやるto give, to do (something) for
くれない, べに, こうdeep red, crimson; rouge, lipstick
れるくれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
くろblack (noun)
くろいblack (adjective)
くろいきりthick fog
くろいひとみ(beautiful) dark eyes
くろうtroubles, hardships (adj-na,n,vs)
くろうとexpert (professional) in a given trade or profession; woman in the nightlife business, demimondaine
くろきunbarked lumber
くろきづた, クロキヅタCaulerpa scalpelliformis (species of green alga)
くろくま, くろぐまblack bear
くろけむり, こくえんblack smoke
くろざとうbrown sugar
くろしおJapan Current, Kuroshio Current
くろじ(in) ''the black''
っぽいくろっぽいdark, blackish
くろぬりblackening, blackened thing
くろねこa black cat
くろほ, くろぼsmut
くろぼしblack spot, black dot, bull''s-eye; failure mark (sumo)
くろわくmourning borders
くわmulberry (tree)
くわいろlight yellow
えるくわえるadd (put into)
しいくわしいknowing very well, detailed, full, accurate (adj)
しくくわしくin detail, fully, minutely, at length
くわつみpicking mulberry leaves, mulberry-leaf pickers
くわばたけ, くわばたmulberry field, mulberry plantation
くわばらmulberry field
くわばらくわばらcharm to ward off lightning and misfortune, knock on wood, touch wood, absit omen!
わるくわわるto join in, to accede to, to increase,
くんnative Japanese reading of a Chinese character (n)
くんきdecoration diploma, diploma
くんこうincense, fragrance
くんこくreprimand, admonition
くんしman of virtue, person of high rank, wise man
くんしゃくpeerage and order of merit
くんしゅruler, monarch
くんしょうdecoration, order, medal
くんじinstruction, direction
くんじょうfumigation, smoking (out)
くんじょうしょうどくfumigation
くんせいsmoking (of fish, meat, etc.)
くんてきguide, master, teacher
くんとうeducation, training, discipline
くんぷうbalmy breeze, summer breeze
くんよみJapanese reading
くんりんreigning, controlling; to reign, to dictate, to control
くんれいdirective, instructions
くんれんpractice, training (n,vs)
く・る、きた・る、きた・すto come
foolishness, silliness, stupidity, folly; I, me
ぐあいa condition, a state
ぐうぎんimpromptu poem
ぐうすうeven number (n)
ぐうぜん(by) chance, unexpectedly, suddenly (adj-na)
ぐうぞうimage, idol, statue
ぐうぞうすうはいworship, idolatry
ぐうはつsudden outbreak, accidental, incidental
ぐこうfolly, foolish move
ぐずぐずslowly, tardily, hesitatingly, lingering, complaining
ぐぜいBuddha''s great vows
ぐたいconcrete, tangible, material (n)
ぐたいかembodiment
ぐたいてきconcrete, tangible, definite, specific
ぐたいてきなconcrete; specific
ぐちidle complaint, grumble; moha (ignorance, folly)
ぐちょくsimple honesty, tactless frankness
にもつかないぐにもつかないnonsensical, ridiculous, trifling
ぐびじんそうfield poppy, Papaver rhoeas
ぐぶaccompanying, being in attendance on
ぐほうspreading Buddhist teachings
ぐれんたいgang of young toughs
ぐろうmockery, derision, ridicule
ぐんgroup (of animals); group
ぐんかくmilitary expansion, expansion of armaments
ぐんかんwarship, battleship
ぐんけんcounties and prefectures
ぐんけんせいどcounty and prefecture system
ぐんこwar drum
ぐんしゅう, ぐんしゅ, ぐんじゅgroup (of people), crowd, horde, throng, mob, multitude
ぐんしゅくdisarmament, limitation of arms
ぐんじmilitary affairs
ぐんじこもんmilitary adviser, military advisor
ぐんじてきしんりゃくmilitary aggression
ぐんじゅmunitions, military stores
ぐんじゅけいきwar prosperity
ぐんじんmilitary personnel, soldier
ぐんせいcounty system
ぐんせんancient commander''s fan
ぐんそうsergeant
ぐんぞうsculptured group
ぐんぞくcivilian in military employ
ぐんたいarmy, troops (n)
ぐんちょうdistrict headman, head county official
ぐんとうisland group, archipelago
ぐんばつmilitary clique or party
ぐんびarmaments, military preparations
ぐんびてっぱいcomplete disarmament
ぐんぴょう, ぐんぺい, ぐんびょうarmed forces, battle troops
ぐんぶrural districts, counties
ぐんやくしょcounty offices
ぐんゆうかっきょrivalry of local warlords, a number of powerful (talented, influential) persons standing by themselves in a given field
ぐんようばとcarrier pigeon
ぐんらくmany communities (villages), cluster of plants
hair
けいlight
けい, わたりdiameter
けいあいrespect and affection
けいあんservants'' registry
けいいrespect, honour (n)
けいい, いきさつdetails, whole story, sequence of events, chronology, particulars, how it started, how things got this way; complications, position
けいいぎtheodolite
けいいけんshape-of-the-mind fist, Hsing I Chuan
けいいんimpression of a seal over the joint of two papers, tally
けいえいmanagement, administration (n,vs)
けいえいしゃmanager, proprietor
けいえんkeeping at a distance, kicking upstairs, giving a batter an "intentional walk"
けいかpassage, expiration, progress
けいか, ほたるびlight of a firefly
けいかいcasual (e.g. dress), light, nimble, jaunty, rhythmical (e.g. melody); taking a turn for the better, receding of symptoms
けいかいなlight, nimble, sprightly, jaunty
けいかくplan
するけいかくするto plan
けいかくのあるharsh-mannered, angular, rough
けいかんravine
けいかんしじんpoet laureate
けいがcongratulation
けいがくravine, chasm; ravenous desire, insatiable desire
けいきopportunity, chance
けいきちょうEconomic Planning Agency
けいきょもうどうrash and blind act
けいけん(an) experience
けいけんがあさいhaving little experience
けいけんしゃexperienced person, person who has had a particular experience
するけいけんするto experience, to go through (hardship)
けいげんabatement, reduction
けいこpractice, training, study (n)
けいこうfragrance, perfume, aroma; honor, honour, fame
けいこうとうfluorescent lamp, fluorescent light; person who is slow to react, someone slow on the uptake
けいこうとりょうfluorescent paint
けいこうぶっしつfluorescent substance, phosphor
谿けいこくvalley, ravine, canyon
けいごhonorific, term of respect (n)
けいさいpublication (e.g. article in paper), appearance, insertion; to insert (e.g. an article), to run (e.g. in a newspaper)
けいさつpolice
けいさつしょpolice station
けいさつちょうNational Police Agency
けいさつてちょうpolice notebook
けいさんcalculation
けいさんじゃくslide rule
けいざいeconomics, business, finance, economy (n)
けいざいかいeconomic world, financial circles
けいざいきかくちょうEconomic Planning Agency
けいざいけんきゅうしょeconomics research centre, economics research center
けいざいてきeconomic, economical
けいざいふうさeconomic blockade, embargo
けいしsuccessor, heir, heiress
けいしきform
けいしちょうpolice headquarters
けいしつdiverticulum
けいしゃpoultry house
けいしゃかくangle of inclination
けいしゃどgradient
けいしゃめんinclined plane, slope
けいしゅうaccomplished lady
けいしゅくcongratulation; celebration
けいしょうnimble
けいしんweak earthquake
けいじauspicious event
けいじせきにんcriminal liability
けいじそしょうcriminal action
けいじちほうKyoto-Shiga district
けいじどうしゃlight motor vehicle (lt 550cc)
けいじばんbulletin board, display board, notice board, electronic bulletin board, BBS
システムけいじばんシステムbulletin board system, BBS
けいじょうordinary
けいじょうりえきcurrent profits, ordinary profit, income before income taxes
けいせいsound of a valley stream
けいせきtraces, evidence
けいせつのこうthe fruit of diligent study
けいそうdiatom
けいそうどdiatomaceous soil
けいそくmeasurement, measure, instrumentation
けいそつexcellent soldier
けいぞくcontinuation (n,vs)
けいぞくてきcontinuous
けいたいform, shape, figure
けいたい, ケイタイ, ケータイsomething carried (in the hand), handheld; mobile telephone, cell phone
けいたいでんわmobile telephone, cellular telephone
けいだいcompound, grounds
けいだんれんFederation of Economic Organizations (Organisation)
けいちつ"awakening of insects" solar term (approx. Mar. 6, the day on which hibernating insects are said to come out of the ground)
けいちゅうdevotion, concentration
けいちょうcongratulations and condolences
けいついcervical vertebrae
けいてきhorn, alarm, whistle, foghorn
けいとwoollen yarn
けいとうcockscomb, Celosia argentea var. cristata
けいどlongitude (n)
けいどうしぶんadjective (predicate) sentence
けいはいunderling
けいはつenlightenment, development, edification, public awareness, illumination, education, inspiration
けいはんridge between rice fields; causeway
けいばhorse racing
けいばしょうracecourse
けいばじょうracecourse, race track
けいばつclan
けいひexpenses, cost, outlay
けいひんgift, premium
けいひんしんちほうthe Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe area
けいびslight, little, insignificant
けいびんclever, of quick intellect
けいふgenealogy, pedigree
けいぶcontempt, scorn
けいへきritual jades worn by feudal lords in ancient China
けいほうalarm, warning
けいぼlove and respect
けいぼうbaton
けいみょうfacile, clever, witty
けいむしょprison, penitentiary
けいめいcocks-crowing, dawn
けいもうenlightenment, instruction
けいやくcontract, compact, agreement (n)
けいやくきかんcontract period
けいやくしょ(written) contract
けいゆdiesel oil; light oil, gasoline, petrol
けいようhoist (flag), fly, display
けいようしadjective
けいようどうしadjectival noun, quasi-adjective (n)
けいようむじゅんcontradictio in adjecto (contradiction between an adjective and the noun it modifies, i.e. "wooden iron", "hot ice", etc.)
けいらんhens egg
けいりexecutioner
けいりゅうmountain stream
けいりゅうづりmountain stream fishing
けいりょうlight weight
けいりんgoverning
けいるいdependents, encumbrances, complicity, implication
けいれいsalute
けいれきpersonal history, career
けいれつseries, sequence, system, order of succession; keiretsu (conglomeration of businesses linked by cross-shareholdings)
けいろcourse, route, path, channel; process, means
けいろうrespect for the aged
けがinjury (to animate object), hurt (n,vs)
けがわfur, skin, pelt (n)
けさkasaya (monk''s stole); wearing an article of clothing in the same manner as a kasaya (i.e. draped over one shoulder)
けさがけwearing a kasaya, wearing an article of clothing in the same manner as a kasaya (i.e. draped over one shoulder); slashing a sword diagonally from the shouldeR
斬りけさぎりslashing a sword diagonally from the shoulder
けしいんpostmark, (postal) cancellation mark
けしきscenery, scene, landscape (n)
けしょうmake-up (cosmetic) (n)
けしょうぎdressing gown
けしょうしたmake-up base
けしょうしつtoilet, lavatory, powder room
けしょうすい, けしょうみずface lotion
けしょうせっけんtoilet soap
けしょうだいdressing table, dresser
けしょうひんcosmetics
しゴムけしゴムeraser, India rubber (n)
けすto turn off power, extinguish; to erase, delete
けずりとるto shave off, to scrape off
けずりぶしflaked bonito
けずるto cut down little by little, to take a percentage
けっかresult, consequence (n-adv,n-t)
けっかくtuberculosis, tubercule
けっかんblood vessel
けっきjump to one''s feet, stand up against, rising to action
けっきょくafter all, eventually (n-adv,n)
けっこうnice, enough (na-adj,n-adv,n)
けっこんmarriage
けっこんしきmarriage ceremony, wedding
けっこんひろうえんwedding reception banquet
けっさいsettlement, payment of account
けっさくmasterpiece, best work, boner, blunder (adj-na)
けっさんbalance sheet, settlement of accounts
けっしhero, great man
してけっしてnever, by no means (adv)
けっしゅつexcel, foremost
けっしょうcrystal, crystallization, crystallisation
けっしょうけいsystem of crystallization, system of crystallisation
けっしんdetermination, resolution (n,vs)
けっせいformation
けっせきabsence, non-attendance (n,vs)
けっせんthrombus, blood clot
けっせんとうひょうfinal (decisive) vote, run-off ballot
けっそくunion, unity
けっそんdeficit, shortage, loss, damage
けっちゃくconclusion, decision, end, settlement
けっちょうcolon
けっていdecision, determination (n)
けってんfaults, defect, weakness (n)
けっとうblood sugar
けっとうちblood sugar level
けっぱくinnocence (i.e. not guilty), purity, uprightness
けっぺきfastidiousness, love of cleanliness
けつass, arse, buttocks; rear, end; acupuncture point
けつあつblood pressure (n)
けつあつがひくいhave low blood pressure
けついdecision, determination
けついんvacancy, vacant position
けつえきblood (n)
けつえきがたblood type
けつえきじゅんかんblood circulation
けつえんblood relative or relationship, consanguinity
けつぎresolution, vote, decision
けつじょlack, privation, deficiency
けつじょうabsence, not taking part
けつじんoutstanding person
けつだんdecision, determination
けつぶつgreat man, heroic figure, remarkable character
けつぼうwant, shortage, famine
けつゆうびょうhaemophilia
けつれつbreakdown, rupture
けつろdew, condensation
けつろんconclusion (n)
けなexceptional, praiseworthy, laudable
けねんworry, fear, anxiety, concern
けはいindication, market trend, worry (n)
けまりkemari, type of football played by courtiers in ancient Japan
けむしcaterpillar
けむり, けぶり, けむ, けぶsmoke, fumes
けもの, けだもの, じゅうbeast, brute
けやき, つき, ケヤキ, ツキJapanese zelkova (species of elm-like tree, Zelkowa serrata)
しいけわしいinaccessible place, sharp eyes (adj)
けんauthority, right (to do something)
けん, つるぎsword (originally esp. a doubled-edged sword), sabre, saber, blade; bayonet; swordsmanship; stinger, ovipositor, dart
けんあくdangerous, serious, gloomy, perilous, threatening, stormy
けんあんpending question, pending problem
けんいauthority, power, influence
けんいじょうstomach tablets
けんえいoperating or carrying on simultaneously
けんえきquarantine, medical inspection
けんえきしょ, けんえきじょquarantine station
けんえつcensorship, inspection, examination; to censor, to inspect (in order to censor), to review (in order to censor)
けんえんのなかloggerheads (lit: dog and monkey), like cats and dogs
けんおdisgust, hate, repugnance
けんかflower offering
けんかいopinion, point of view (n)
けんがいoutside range, outside orbit
けんがくeducational visit
けんきゃく, けんかくfencer, swordsman
けんきゅうstudy, research, investigation (n,vs)
けんきゅういんresearcher
けんきゅうかresearcher, student (of)
けんきゅうかんresearch officer
けんきゅうしつprofessor''s office, a seminar room
けんきゅうしゃresearcher
けんきゅうしょ, けんきゅうじょresearch establishment (institute, laboratory, etc.)
けんきょmodesty, humility (adj-na,n)
けんきんdonation, contribution, offering
けんぎprefectural assembly
けんぎょう, けんごうside line, second business
けんぎょうのうかpart-time farmer
けんけいprefectural police
けんけつblood donation
けんげきsword play, samurai drama
けんげんpower, authority, jurisdiction
けんこうhigh-spirited, being in high spirits
けんこうしゃhealthy person
けんこうしょうめいしょhealth certificate
けんこうしょくひんhealth foods
けんこうしんだんphysical examination
けんこうじhealthy child
けんこうほけんhealth insurance
けんこくnational founding day
けんごsolid, strong, firm
けんごうmaster fencer
けんさinspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination
けんさくlooking up (e.g. a word in a dictionary), retrieval (e.g. data), searching for, referring to
けんさつexamination, prosecutor
けんさつかんpublic prosecutor
けんざいactual (as opposed to hidden or obscured), actualized, actualised
けんしfencer
けんし, きぬいとsilk thread
けんしゅstrong defense, strong defence
けんしゅうexchange of sake cups
けんしゅんsteep, precipitous
けんしょうmanifesting, displaying, honouring, honoring
けんしんdedication, devotion
けんしんてきdevoted
けんじpublic prosecutor
けんじつsteady, sound, reliable, solid
けんじゅうpistol, handgun, revolver
けんじゅがくはcynic (phil.)
けんじょうmodesty, humility
けんじょうごhumble language (e.g. itadaku)
けんじょうのびとくmodest virtue
けんじんwise man
けんすいpull-up, chin up, chinning
けんすうnumber (of things)
けんせいconstitutional government
けんせつconcurrent post
けんせつしょうMinistry of Construction
けんせつぶつa building
けんぜんhealth, soundness, wholesome
けんそprecipice, steep (e.g. mountain pass)
けんそうtumult, great noise, clatter, hustle and bustle
そんけんそんhumble, humility, modesty
けんそんごhumble language
けんぞうぶつstructure
けんたいgive one''s body to a hospital for medical research
けんだまJapanese bilboquet (cup-and-ball game)
けんちくarchitecture
けんちくがくarchitecture
けんちくし(authorized) architect and builder (authorised)
けんちじprefectural governor
けんちゅうpongee (unbleached silk)
けんちょremarkable, striking, obvious
調けんちょうbullish, firm (market)
けんていpresentation, dedication
けんていぼんpresentation book
けんてつwise man
けんとうfighting bravely, strenuous efforts; good luck!, good fight
使けんとうしenvoy (to T''ang China)
けんどうkendo, swordmanship, fencing
けんないwithin the prefecture
尿けんにょうurinalysis
けんにんconcurrent post
けんびきょうmicroscope (n)
けんぴerection of a monument
けんぶつsightseeing
けんぶんcolorful pattern, colourful pattern
けんぷsilk, silk cloth
けんぺいmilitary police
けんぼwise mother
けんぽうChinese art of self-defence (defense)
けんぽうさいばんしょconstitutional court
けんぽんsilk used in artwork
けんまgrinding, polishing, studying
けんみんcitizens of a prefecture
けんむadditional post
けんめいwisdom, intelligence, prudence
けんもんinspection, examination
けんやくthrift, economy, frugality
けんやくかthrifty person, economist
けんようmulti-use, combined use, combination, serving two purposes
けんらんgorgeous, brilliant, dazzling, gaudy, flowery (speech)
けんらんかれいluxurious and gorgeous, splendid, dazzling, magnificent
けんらんごうかluxurious and gorgeous, splendid, dazzling
けんりright, privilege (n)
けんりつprefectural (institution)
けんりゅうerection
けんりょく(political) power, authority, influence
けんりんmiserly, stingy
けんるいstronghold
げいart, craft, accomplishment, artistic skill, technique, performance
げいいんdrinking hard, drinking like a fish
げいいんばしょくdrinking like a fish and eat like a horse, eating mountains of food and drink oceans of liquor
げいえんartistic and literary circles
げいげきintercept, interception, counter attack
げいじゅつ(fine) art, the arts (n)
げいじゅつかartist
げいじゅつさいart festival
げいにくwhale meat
げいのうpublic entertainment, accomplishments, attainment
げいひんかんreception hall
げいびけいGeibi Gorge (Higashiyama-cho, Iwate-ken)
げいゆwhale oil
ろうげいろう, くじらろうspermaceti (waxy substance found in the head cavities of sperm whales)
げかsurgical department (n)
げかいa surgeon
げきdrama, play (n)
げきえいがfilm drama
げきか, げっかintensification, aggravation
げきこう, げっこうexcited, exasperated, indignant, rage, enraged
げきさくplay writing
げきじょうtheatre, playhouse (n)
げきじんintenseness, violence, severity, vehemence, keenness
げきせんfierce (hard-fought) battle, hot contest
げきぞうsudden increase (n,vs)
げきだんtroupe, theatrical company
げきついshooting down (aircraft)
げきてきdramatic
げきどrage, indignation, exasperation
げきどうterrible shock, agitation, upheaval
げきへんsudden change, upheaval
げきれいencouragement
げきれつviolent, vehement, furious, fervent
げきろんheated discussion
げこくじょうjuniors dominating seniors, retainer supplanting his lord
げごくbeing sent to prison
げしsummer solstice
げしゃalighting
するげしゃするto get off
宿げしゅくboarding, lodging, boarding house (n,vs)
宿するげしゅくするto room (board, lodge)
げしょうperson of humble birth
げじゅんmonth (last third of) (n-adv,n-t)
げすいdrainage, sewage, ditch, gutter, sewerage (n)
げすいこうdrainage ditch, canal
げすいどうdrain, sewer, drainage system
げたgeta (Japanese footwear), wooden clogs (n)
げたげたばこshoe rack (in genkan), cupboard (for shoes and clogs)
げたやclog shop
けるげたをあずけるto leave everything to (someone)
げっかんmonthly publication, monthly issue
げっきゅうmonthly salary (n)
げっけいかんlaurel wreath
げっけいじゅ, ゲッケイジュbay laurel (Laurus nobilis), bay tree, sweet bay, laurel tree
げっしゃmonthly tuition fee
げっぷmonthly installment (instalment), monthly payment
げつがくmonthly amount (sum)
げつまつend of the month (n-adv,n-t)
げつようMonday (n-adv,n-t)
げつようびMonday
(な)げひん(な)vulgar
げぼくmanservant
げらくdepreciation, decline, fall, slump
げりdiarrhoea, diarrhea
ったげりがうつったinfected with diarrhea (diarrhoea)
げりどめantidiarrheal, paregoric, obstipant
げろうservant, valet, menial
げんstring (of a shamisen, etc.); stringed instrument
げんあんoriginal plan, original bill, motion, draft, draught
げんいんcause, origin, source (n)
げんえいphantom, vision, illusion
げんえきactive duty, active service
げんかsinging and (string) music
げんかいlimit, bound (n)
げんかくhallucination, illusion
げんかしょうきゃくdepreciation
げんかんintense cold
げんかんさきentrance, front door
げんかんばんdoorkeeper, janitor
げんがくstring music
げんがっきstringed instruments
げんきhappy, healthy, jolly, cheerful
げんきおうせいbrimming with vitality, full of vigor, full of life
のなげんきのないdepressed; low-spirited; cheerless
げんきゅうreference, allusion
げんきょうpresent condition
げんきんcash, ready money, mercenary, self-interested (adj)
げんけいprototype, model, pattern, archetypal
げんこうpresent, current, in operation
げんこうはんflagrante delicto, caught red-handed
稿げんこうようしJapanese writing paper
げんこくplaintiff, accuser, prosecutor
げんこつfist
げんごがくlinguistics
げんさんreduction in production
げんざいpresent, up to now, nowadays, modern times, current
げんざいりょうraw materials
げんしatom
げんしゅhead of state
げんしゅうfall, decrease (in income)
げんしゅくgravity, solemnity, severity, seriousness, dignity, rigor, rigour, austerity
げんしょうdecrease, reduction, decline
げんしょうせきtype of slate (from Miyagi pref.)
げんしょくpresent post, current office, (an) incumbent
げんしりょくatomic energy
げんしろatomic reactor, nuclear reactor
げんじGenji (the character in the Genji Monogatari); the Minamoto family
げんじつreality (n)
げんじゅうstrict, rigour, severe, firm (adj-na,n)
げんじょうpresent condition, existing state, status quo (n)
げんすいattenuation, damping, decay
げんすいきattenuator
げんすいばくatom and hydrogen bomb
げんすいふSupreme Military Council (1898-1945)
げんすんactual size, full size
げんせいsound of the strings
げんせんcatgut
げんせんいraw fibers, raw fibres, minute fibers, minute fibres
げんぜいtax reduction
げんそうillusions
げんそうきょくfantasy, fantasia
げんそくdeceleration
げんそん, やしゃごgreat-great-grandchild
げんたんreduction (of crop size), reduction of acreage (under cultivation)
げんだいnowadays, modern times, present-day (adj-no)
げんだんかいpresent stage, current phase; current rank, present grade
げんちactual place, local
げんていlimit, restriction
げんてんorigin (coordinates), starting point
げんとうsevere winter
げんどlimit, bounds (n)
げんにstrictly, severely, rigidly, fortify, strengthen, secure
げんのうbushhammer
げんばactual spot, scene, scene of the crime (n)
げんばかんとくfield overseer, site foreman
げんばくunpolished wheat or barley
げんばくぎせいしゃatomic bomb victim
げんばつsevere punishment, rigorous measures
げんぱつnuclear power plant, nuclear power supply
げんびけいGenbi Gorge (Ichinoseki-shi, Iwate-ken)
げんぶがんbasalt, whin(stone)
げんぶんoriginal text
簿げんぼledger, original record, register
げんぽうsalary reduction, salary cut
げんまいbrown rice
げんまいちゃtea (with roasted rice)
げんみつstrict, close
げんめつdisillusionment
げんめんreduction and exemption (e.g. taxes), mitigation and remission (e.g. in criminal law)
げんゆcrude oil
耀げんようfalse glitter
げんりprinciple, theory, fundamental truth (n)
げんりょうloss in quantity
げんろくGenroku era (1688.9.30-1704.3.13)
げんわくfascination, glamor, glamour, bewitching
barbarian tribes surrounding ancient China
こいcommon carp, koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)
こいきsmart, stylish
こいぐちmouth of a (sword) sheath
こいごころ, こいこころone''s love, awakening of love
こいしpebble
しいこいしい(1) dear, beloved, darling, (2) yearned for
するこいするto fall in love with, to love
こいぬpuppy
こいのぼり
こいびとlover, sweetheart (n)
こいぶみlove-letter
婿こいむこbridegroom who is loved by his bride
こいんassistant, employee
ヘルペスウイルスこいヘルペスウイルスkoi herpes virus (KHV)
こうtribute
こう, きょうfilial piety
こうあんidea
こうあんいいんかいpublic safety commission
こういact, deed, conduct
こういきwide area
こういしつa dressing room, a locker room
こういしょうprognostic symptoms, after-effect
こういどhigh latitudes
こういんImperial descendant (posterity)
こういんりょうdormitory for factory workers
こううrainfall, rain
こううんprosperity
こうえいpublic management
こうえきpublic, public good
こうえきほうじんpublic-service corporation, charitable corporation; juridical (legal) person working for the public good
こうえつrevision, proofreading
こうえんsupport, backing
こうおつ
こうおつへいABC, 1, 2 and 3
こうおつへいていA, B, C and D, first, second, third and fourth
こうおんhigh temperature
こうおんきincubator
こうかYellow Peril
こうかいsail, voyage
こうかいどうa public [town] hall
こうかくanat promontory, promontory
こうかてきeffective, successful
こうかんhigh official
貿こうかんぼうえきせいbarter system
こうがYellow river (in China)
こうがいrighteous indignation, patriotic lamentation, deploration
こうがくlarge sum (money)
こうがくせんいfiber optics, fibre optics
こうきhigh class, noble
こうきしゅくせいeliminating corruption among government officials, tightening discipline (among)
こうきしんcuriosity, inquisitiveness
こうきしんおうせいbrimming with curiosity
こうきゅうpermanent, perpetuity
こうきゅうかmaking permanent
こうきょImperial Palace
こうきょうthe Book of Filial Piety
こうきょうがくsymphony (orchestra)
こうきょうきょくsymphony
こうきょうしsymphonic poem
こうきんintern
こうぎ(your) kindness or favour (favor)
こうぎょうmining industry
こうくmining area, mine lot
こうくうaviation, flying (n)
こうくうきaircraft, aeroplane, airplane
便こうくうびんair mail
こうくんschool precepts
こうぐfarm tools, farm implements
こうぐうcordial welcome, kind treatment, hospitality
こうけいthe essential point
こうけいきgood times, boom, (wave of) prosperity
こうけつpurity, nobility
こうけつあつhigh blood pressure, hypertension
こうけんcontribution, services (n,vs)
こうげいliterary rainbow
こうげいひんa handicraft
こうげきattack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure
こうげつbright white moon
こうげんantigen
こうこfor ever, from ancient times
こうこう
こうこう, きょうきょうbright (esp. of the moon); broad and empty
/こうこう/こうとうがっこうhigh school/senior high school (n)
こうこうせいhigh school student (n)
こうこがくarchaeology, archeology
こうこくkokoku (interlocutory) appeal, protest, complaint
こうこんgrandchildren, posterity
こうごmutual, reciprocal, alternate
こうごう(Japanese) empress, queen
こうごうへいかher majesty the Empress
こうさloess, yellow sand, bai, dust from the Yellow River region (in China)
こうさいHigh Court
こうさいいしょくしょうheterochromia iridis, eyes differing in colour (color)
こうさいかいbenefit association
こうさいひentertainment expenses
こうさくcultivation, farming
こうさくきかいmachine tools
こうさくしゃcultivator
こうさつconsideration, inquiry, enquiry
こうさてんintersection (n)
こうさんfixed or real property
こうざlectureship, chair, course
こうざいsteel material
こうざんmine (ore)
使こうしuse, exercise
こうしきhardball (tennis, baseball)
こうしつImperial household
こうしゃcleverness, skill, tact
こうしゃくlecture, exposition
こうしゃくふじんprincess, duchess
こうしゃさいpublic bonds
こうしゅoffense and defense, offence and defence, batting and fielding
こうしゅうshort course, training
こうしゅうでんわpublic telephone, pay phone
こうしゅけいdeath by hanging
こうしょうspring of yellow buds
こうしょういいんnegotiating committeemen
こうしょういんnegotiators
こうしょうがいpublic life, public career
こうしょく, べにいろred (color, colour)
こうしんred lips
こうしんりょうspices
こうじconstruction work
こうじ, こうしedict, public announcement
こうじえんKoujien (famous Japanese dictionary)
こうじつpretext
こうじゅつdictation, verbal statement
こうじゅんobedience, filial piety
こうじょsubtraction, deduction (e.g. tax), subsidy
こうじょう(on the) bank of a large river
こうじょうせんthyroid gland
じるこうじるto grow in intensity, to be aggravated, to get worse, to develop
こうじんpleased, obliged, appreciative
こうすいperfume (n)
こうすいじゅんhigh level
こうすいりょうprecipitation
こうずcomposition
こうずいflood
ずるこうずるto take measures, to work out a plan; to lecture, to read aloud; to confer
こうせいproofreading, correction of press; calibration
こうせいしょうMinistry of Health and Welfare (now Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare)
こうせいせきgood results
こうせいねんきんwelfare pension
こうせいぶっしつantibiotics
こうせきore, mineral, crystal
こうせきせいdiluvial epoch
こうせきそうdiluvial formation (geol.)
こうせつtact, skill, workmanship
こうせんresistance
こうせん, よみunderground spring; Hades, hell, underworld
こうぜんshining brightly, shining whitely
こうぜんのきuniversal life force (the source of animation for all things); free spirit (i.e. a mindset unencumbered with worldly concerns)
こうそenzyme
こうそうhigh priest, virtuous priest
こうそがくenzymology
こうそくschool regulations
こうそくじかんtotal hours spent working
こうそくどうろhighway, freeway, expressway, motorway
こうそつhigh school graduate
こうぞうstructure, construction (n)
こうぞくimperial family, royalty
こうたballad
こうたいantibody
こうたいごう, こうたいこうQueen Mother, Empress Dowager
こうたいしcrown prince
こうたいしひcrown princess
こうたくbrilliance, polish, lustre, luster, glossy finish (of photographs)
こうたんbirth (regal), nativity
こうだいgreat, immense
こうだんstory-telling
こうだんしhandsome man
こうちdetention, confinement, arrest
こうちかいKouchikai (political faction of the LDP)
こうちくconstruction
こうちしょprison, detention house
こうちゃEnglish/black tea
こうちょうflush, blush
こうちょうかいpublic hearing
こうちょくstiffening, rigidity, rigor, stiffness, ossification, petrification
こうつうdoing well, prosperous
こうつうきかんtransportation facilities (n)
こうつうしゃだんblockage, quarantine
こうつうじこa traffic accident
こうつうぼうがいtraffic obstruction
こうつうもうtraffic network
こうていemperor
こうていおうとうacknowledge, ACK
こうていてきaffirmative
こうていぶあいofficial discount (bank) rate
こうていぶんaffirmative sentence
こうてきpublic, official
こうてきふほうぼうがいpublic nuisance
こうてつsteel
こうでんcondolence gift, gift brought to a funeral, incense money
こうでんちphotocell
こうとうsudden price jump, steep price rise
こうとうがっこうsenior high school
こうとうしきidentity
こうとうべんろんoral proceedings, oral pleadings
こうとうむけいabsurdity, nonsense, preposterous
こうとりいFair Trade Commission
こうどaltitude, height, advanced (adj-na,n)
こうどうtunnel, (mine) level
こうどくsubscription (e.g. magazine)
こうどくりょうsubscription charge
こうないinside the harbour, inside the harbor
こうないじこmine accident
こうなんhardness
こうにちanti-Japanese
こうにゅうpurchase, buy
こうにゅうさきretailer
こうにゅうしゃpurchaser
こうにゅうちゅうもんpurchase order
こうにんsuccessor
こうにんきゃくOrdinance of the Konin Era
こうねいtranquility, tranquillity, peacefulness
こうねんdiplomacy
こうねんきmenopause, change of life
こうの, こうやsuburban fields
こうはtough elements, hard-liners, stalwart(s)
こうはいruin
こうはくred and white, colours for festive or auspicious occasions (colors)
こうはんwide, extensive, comprehensive, far-reaching, widespread
こうはん, こうばんsteel sheet, steel plate(s)
こうはんいextensive, vast range, wide scope
こうはんていcourt, courtroom
こうばいpurchase, buy
こうばい, べにうめred-blossomed plum tree, red Japanese apricot
こうばいりょくbuying power
こうばくvast, wide, boundless
ばしいこうばしいsweet, fragrant, aromatic; savory, savoury
こうばんleave the mound (baseball), knocked out
こうひempress, queen
こうひょうpopularity, favorable reputation, favourable reputation
こうひんどhigh frequency
こうびcopulation (in animals)
こうふminer
こうふくcapitulation, surrender, submission
こうふんexcitement, stimulation, agitation, arousal
こうぶつmineral (n)
こうへいfairness, impartial, justice (adj-na,n)
こうへきぎょくyellow jasper, beryl
こうべしKobe city (of Hyogo prefecture)
こうべんfluency, eloquence
こうほcandidacy (n)
こうほうhigh mountain, lofty peak
こうぼyeast, leaven
こうぼうoffense and defense, offence and defence
こうぼきんyeast fungus
こうぼくpublic servant
こうまんhaughty, arrogant, proud
こうみゃくreef, streak
こうみょうingenious, skillful, clever, deft
こうみんcitizen, freemen
こうみんかんpublic hall, community center, community centre
こうみんとうImperialist Party
こうむofficial business, public business (n)
こうむいんa public servant, a government employee
こうめいfairness, justice
こうめいとうNew Komeito (Japanese political party), New Clean Government Party, Justice Party
こうもうConfucius and Mencius
こうもうのおしえthe teachings of Confucius and Mencius
こうもくitem (n)
こうもりこうもりがさ(Western-style) umbrella
こうや, あれの, あらのwasteland, wilderness, deserted land, prairie, vast plain, wilds, desert, wild land
こうや, こんやdyer
こうやくpublic commitment or promise
こうやまきumbrella pine, Sciadopitys verticillata
こうようenhancement, exaltation, promotion, uplift
こうようじゅbroadleaf tree
こうらshell, carapace
こうらい, こまGoryeo (dynasty of Korea; 918-1392 CE); Korea (esp. the Goguryeo kingdom or the Goryeo dynasty); (stone) guardian lion-dogs at Shinto shrine
こうりportmanteau, wicker trunk, luggage, baggage
こうりつefficiency, efficacy, performance, utility factor
こうりつてきefficient
こうりゃくcapture; walkthrough or specific advice (e.g. in computer games)
こうりゅうrise, prosperity
こうりょconsideration, taking into account (n,vs)
こうりょうflavoring, flavouring, spices; fragrance, perfume, incense; condolence gift
こうりょくeffect, efficacy, validity, potency (n)
こうれいadvanced (old) age
こうれいしゃold person or people
こうろblast furnace
こうろうlofty (high) building, skyscraper
こうろくhigh salary
こうわpeace, conclude peace
こうわんharbours, harbors
こうわんきょくPort and Harbor Authority
パターンこうパターンhole pattern
こえmanure, night soil, dung, fertiliser, fertilizer
こえだtwig, spray
えるこえるto cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of); to exceed
をかけこえをかけるto call out (to), to hail, to say something
こえんけんTiger Swallow Fist
こおうhailing each other; acting in concert; agreement, concord
らすこおらすto freeze, to refrigerate
こおりice
こおりむろ, ひむろ, ひょうしつice house, ice room, cold room
こおるto freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal (v5r)
こかくlone traveller, lone traveler
こかげ, じゅいんshade of tree, bower
こかつdrying up, becoming exhausted, running dry, starvation
こがいprotege
がすこがすto burn, to scorch, to singe, to char (v5s)
こがたsmall size, tiny
こがたなpocket knife
らしこがらしcold wintry wind
こがんlakeshore, lakeside
こきage seventy
こきざみmincing, bit by bit
こきゃく, こかくcustomer, client, patron
こきゅうbreath, respiration (n,vs)
こきゅうきrespiratory organs
こきょうhome town, birthplace, old village, historic village
こぎれいneat, trim, tidy, pretty
こくsevere, harsh, stringent, rigorous, strict, unfair; body (esp. of food, wine, etc.), weight, substance
こくい, こくえblack clothes
こくいのさいしょうBuddhist priest who is a government minister
こくえいstate management
こくえきnational interest
こくえんgraphite
こくおうking (n)
こくおうへいかHis Majesty the King
こくぐんりせいprovince-district-neighbourhood system (system of administrative divisions under the ritsuryo; 1 neighbourhood=~50 homes, 1 district=2-20 neighbourhoods)
こくごnational language (n)
こくさいnational debt, national securities, government bonds, government securities
こくさいかinternationalization, internationalisation, i18n (in IT)
こくさいきょうりょくじぎょうだんJapan International Cooperation Agency (1974), JICA
こくさいじんinternational celebrity, cosmopolitan, citizen of the world
こくさいそうきんinternational wire transfer, int''l money order
こくさいたいほじょうinternational arrest warrant
こくさいちつじょinternational order
こくさいてきinternational
貿こくさいてきぼうえきinternational trade
こくさいでんしんでんわしもんいいんかいInternational Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, CCITT
こくさいほうinternational laws
こくさいむせんつうしんしもんいいんかいComite Consultatif International des Radiocommunications, CCIR
こくさくnational policy
こくさんdomestic products
こくしつblack lacquer
こくしびょblack death
こくしょintense heat
こくしょくcereal diet, grain-eating
こくじresemblance, resemble
こくじしょ(Britain''s) Lord Privy Seal
こくじょくnational disgrace
こくじんnegro
こくすいnational characteristics
こくすいしゅぎnationalism, extreme patriotism
こくせきnationality (n)
こくぜnational policy
こくそ
こくそうgranary
こくぞくtraitor, rebel
こくたいCommittee of the National Diet
こくたんebony
こくてつnational railway
こくどcountry, territory, domain, realm
こくないinternal, domestic
こくばんa blackboard, a chalkboard
こくひんstate guest
こくふくrestoration
こくふんgrain (rice) flour
こくぶんじ(Nara Era) state-supported provincial temples
こくべつfarewell, leave-taking
こくほうnational treasure
こくぼうnational defence, national defense
こくみんnational, people, citizen (n)
こくみんけんこうほけんnational health insurance
こくみんとうひょうnational referendum
こくむだいじんMinister of State
こくむちょうかんSecretary of State
こくめいdetailed, elaborate, faithfulness, diligence, conscientiousness
こくもつgrain, cereal, corn (n)
こくりつnational (n)
こくりつはくぶつかんnational museum
こくりつよぼうえいせいけんきゅうしょNational Institute of Health
こくりゅうkernel, grain
こくるいgrains
こくれんUN, United Nations
のプーさんこぐまのプーさんWinnie the Pooh
こぐんふんとうfighting alone
こけつtiger''s den, jaws of death, dangerous place
こげつきa bad debt
げるこげるto burn, to be burned (v1,vi)
ここindividual, one by one, separate
ここうtiger''s den, jaws of death, dangerous place
ここく(ancient) North China barbarian nations
ここにおいてnow, at this time; as such, for this reason, hence
ここのえninefold, imperial palace, the Court
ここのかthe 9th day
ここのつnine things
こころcore, heart (n)
たりこころあたりhaving some knowledge of, happening to know (n)
こころえるto be informed, to have thorough knowledge (v1)
こころがまえpreparedness, readiness
こころざしwill, intention, motive
こころざすto plan, to intend, to aspire to, to set aims (sights on)
こころづかいsolicitude, anxiety, regard for
こころにくいrefined, admirable, superb
こころのかてfood for thought
こころのきんせんheartstrings, innermost soul
こころみa trial, a test, an experiment, an attempt
みるこころみるto try, to attempt (to do)
こころよいpleasant, agreeable
ここんごうHevajra, Eternal Vajra (tantric Buddhist deity)
こごうveteran, old-timer, man of experience
こごえa low voice, a whisper
えつくこごえつくto freeze to, to be frozen to
えるこごえるto freeze, to be chilled, to be frozen (v1)
らすこごらすto freeze, to congeal; to concentrate one''s attention on, to devote oneself to something, to ponder, to meditate
こさめdrizzle, light rain
こざかなsmall fish, fry
こざらsmall dish
こしwithering, dying
こしかけseat, bench (n)
けるこしかけるto sit (down) (v1)
こしくだけinadvertent collapse (sumo); breaking down (e.g. in the middle of a bout), weakening of one''s attitude
こしつprivate room
こしなわleash, rope tied round prisoner''s waists
こしゅhead of household
こしょold book, rare book
こしょうlakes and marshes
こしょう・するbreak-down (n,vs)
こしょくそうぜんantique-looking, looking hoary with patina
こじostentation, display
こじ, みなしごorphan
こじいんorphanage
こじまsmall island, islet
こじょうon the lake
こじんthe deceased, old friend
こじんてきindividualistic, personal, self-centred, self-centered
こじんをしのぶto think of the dead
こすto cross, to pass, to tide over (v5s)
こすいlake
こすうnumber of households (houses)
こするto rub, to chafe, to file, to frost (glass)
こずえtreetop, tip of a branch
こせいindividuality, personality, idiosyncrasy
こせきcensus, family register
こせきしょうほんofficial copy of part of family register
こせきとうほんofficial copy of the family register
こぜにsmall change
こそこそどろsneak-thief
こぞうyoungster; young Buddhist priest
こたいsolid (body), solid matter, solid-state
こたえanswer, response (n)
えられないこたえられないreally good, irresistible
えるこたえるto respond, to live up to, to reward; to take its toll, to strike home
こたんelegant simplicity
こだいexaggeration, hyperbole
こだいもうそうmegalomania
こだいもうそうきょうmegalomania
こだちgrove
わるこだわるto fuss over, to be particular about; to be obsessive, to be fixated
こちょうexaggeration
こっかnational anthem
こっかいBlack Sea
こっかいぎいんa member of the Diet
こっかいぎじどうthe (Japanese) National Diet
こっかくphysique, build, frame, skeletal structure, framework
こっかしけんstate examination
こっかっしょくblackish brown
こっかばいしょうstate reparations
こっかんsevere (intense) cold, depth of winter
こっきnational flag
こっきしんspirit of self-denial
こっきょうnational or state border (n)
げるこっきをかかげるto hoist the national flag
こっくべんれいbeing arduous, working diligently enduring hardships
こっけいせつanniversary of founding (of PRC), national celebration time
こっこnational treasury
こっこうdiplomatic relations
こっしbones, marrow, essentials
こっせつbone fracture (n)
ったこったelaborate, exquisite, tasteful, refined, artistic
こつずいbone marrow, true spirit
こつそしょうしょうosteoporosis
こつばんpelvis
こつぶsmall grain, small stature or ability
こづかknife attached to the sheath of a sword
こづかいpersonal expenses, pocket money, spending money,
こづつみparcel, package (n)
こていbottom of a lake
こていしさんfixed assets
こてんone-man exhibition, one-woman exhibition
こてんてきclassical, classic
ことKoto (Japanese harp) (n)
こと, けdifference (from one another), different thing, other; unusual, extraordinary
こと、ジ、ズthing, matter, fact, affair
ことうsolitary island
ことがらmatter, thing, affair, circumstance
ことしthis year
ことしのなつthis summer
けることづけるto send word, to send a message (v1)
なることなるto differ, to vary, to disagree (v5r)
ことにespecially, particularly, unusually, above all; additionally
ことばword, language
ことば, けとばlanguage, dialect; word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark; speech, (manner of) speaking
ことばづかいspeech, expression, wording (n)
寿ことぶきcongratulations!, long life!
寿ことぶくto congratulate, to wish one well
しくことめずらしくlike something strange
ことりa small bird
らずことわらずwithout permission
ことわるto refuse, to decline, to dismiss (v5r)
こどうbeat, palpitation, pulsation, throbbing
こどくisolation, loneliness, solitude
こどもa child
こなflour, meal, powder (n)
こなごなin very small pieces
こなすびsmall eggplant; Japanese yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia japonica)
ミルクこなミルクmilk powder
こねこkitten
ましいこのましいnice, likeable, desirable
このみ(a) liking, (a) taste, (a) preference
このむto like, to be fond (of), to have a liking
こはばsingle-breadth cloth, approx. 36 cm wide
こはんlake shore
こばちsmall bowl
こばむto refuse, to reject, to decline
こばやしKobayashi: a Japanese surname
こふくげきじょう(people) sing the praises (enjoy the blessings) of peace
こふんancient (mound) tomb
こふんじだいTumulus period (of Japanese history)
こぶinspiration, encouragement
こぶげきれいencouragement
こぶちゃ, こんぶちゃkelp tea
こぶねboat, small craft
こべつparticular case, discrete, individual, separate
こべつほうもんdoor-to-door visit, door-to-door canvassing, door-to-door canvasing
こぼしspilling, grumbling; waste-water container (tea ceremony)
こぼすto spill; to grumble
れるこぼれるto spill, to fall out of, to overflow; to peek through, to become visible (although normally not); to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)
こまpiece (in shogi, chess, etc.); horse, foal; bridge (of a violin, etc.)
こまいぬ(stone) guard lion-dog at Shinto shrine
こまおちhandicap (in shogi)
こまかsmall, fine, detailed, stingy
かいこまかい(1) small, (2) fine, minute (adj)
かくこまかくminutely, finely
こまくeardrum, tympanic membrane
こまげたlow wooden clogs, komageta
こまどり, コマドリJapanese robin (Erithacus akahige)
やかこまやかfriendly, heartfelt, tender
こまゆみ, コマユミspindle tree, euonymus alatus f. ciliatodentatus
らせるこまらせるsandy beach
こまりきるto be greatly perplexed, to be greatly embarrassed
てるこまりはてるto be greatly perplexed, to be greatly embarrassed
こまりものgood-for-nothing, scapegrace, nuisance, trouble
こまるto get into trouble
こみみにはさむto happen to hear, to overhear
こむぎwheat
こむぎこflour
こむくどりred-cheeked myna (Sturnus phillippensis), violet-backed starling
こめrice
こめぐらrice granary
こめだわらbag of rice
こめつぶgrain of rice
こもwoven straw mat (orig. made of wild rice leaves); beggar; Manchurian wild rice (Zizania latifolia)
こもちこんぶkelp with herring roe (sushi type)
こもりうたlullaby
をかけるこもをかけるto spread a mat
こもんadviser, advisor, consultant
こやa hut, a shed, a shack, a booth, a pen
やしこやしmanure, night soil, dung, fertiliser, fertilizer
やすこやすto fertilize, to fertilise, to manure, to enrich
こやまhill, knoll
こゆうcharacteristic, tradition, peculiar, inherent, native, eigen-
こゆうめいしproper noun
こゆびthe little finger
こよいthis evening, tonight
こようemployment (long term), hire
こよみ, れきcalendar, almanac
らしめこらしめchastisement
らしめるこらしめるto chastise, to punish, to discipline
らすこらすto chastise, to punish, to discipline
こりつisolation, helplessness
りるこりるto learn by experience, to be disgusted with
こるto grow stiff; to be absorbed in, to be devoted to, to be a fanatic, to elaborate
こるり, コルリSiberian blue robin (Luscinia cyane) (Erithacus cyane?)
これthis (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic); this person (usu. indicating someone in one''s in-group); now; here; I (me); certainly
此れこれかれthis and that; this person and that person
がすころがすto roll (v5s,vt)
がるころがるto roll (over), to fall, to lie down
ころしa murder
ころすmurder (verb)
ころぶto fall (